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UK US scientists more likely than others to publish fake research, says study - 17 Nov 2010

US scientists are considerably more likely to publish fake research than scientists from elsewhere, according to a study published online in the Journal of Medical Ethics. The journal is co-owned by the Institute of Medical Ethics (IME) and BMJ Group.

The study author searched the PubMed database for scientific research papers that had been retracted between 2000 and 2010. It was found that a total of 788 papers had been retracted during this period. About three quarters of these papers had been withdrawn because of a serious error (545). The rest of the retracted papers were attributed to data fabrication or falsification, the study found. Further, the study noted that the highest number of retracted papers was written by US first authors, accounting for one third of the total. One in three of these was attributed to fraud.

The UK, Japan, China and India each had more than 40 papers withdrawn during the decade. Asian nations, including South Korea, accounted for 30 percent of retractions. Of these, one in four was attributed to fraud.

According to the study, the fakes were more likely to appear in leading publications with a high 'impact factor'. It noted that 53 percent of the faked research papers had been written by a first author who was a 'repeat offender'. Such a case was found in one in five (18 percent) of the flawed papers. Each first author who was a repeat fraudster had an average of six co-authors, each of whom had had another three retractions.

The average number of authors on all retracted papers was three, but some had 10 or more. Faked research papers were significantly more likely to have multiple authors, the study noted.

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Netherland Elsevier launches new module within SciVerse platform - SciVerse Applications beta - 17 Nov 2010

STM publisher Elsevier, Netherlands, has announced the launch of SciVerse Applications beta, a new module within the SciVerse platform. The new module will allow the scientific community to develop and share customised solutions that advance the search and discovery process through its marketplace and developer network. Created by academic and commercial development partners, more than a dozen applications for improving researcher workflow and enhancing the value of existing content are now available to be integrated directly into the core SciVerse user experience.

The launch includes the release of content APIs from SciVerse ScienceDirect, SciVerse Scopus and SciVerse Hub beta, as well as framework APIs allowing applications to be integrated directly into SciVerse. Applications can access data from hundreds of millions of articles, abstracts and other scientific information within SciVerse, and integrate into key parts of the SciVerse user interface such as search results pages and article and record views across all SciVerse products. The APIs as well as access to the tools and documentation necessary for developing applications are available via a developer section within the module.

SciVerse Applications beta features a gallery where apps developed can be displayed and shared. Users will be able to post feedback on individual applications offering valuable insight for enhancing apps as well as sparking ideas for new solutions. Developers will have an opportunity to reach the global scientific community, while also gaining recognition for their contribution to search and discovery.

The marketplace includes more than a dozen new search and discovery applications designed to offer a preliminary illustration of the capabilities of the new platform.

As academic and commercial developers build and share new apps, SciVerse Applications beta will be populated with innovative and tailored solutions. To support the collaboration and ideation of the new applications, the new offering also includes a discussion forum for researchers and librarians who are registered SciVerse users to contribute application ideas as well as an opportunity for developers to connect with each other and commercial companies.

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US West Virginia University Libraries select Summon service to improve discovery of resources - 17 Nov 2010

Serials Solutions, a US-based provider of tools and services for libraries and a business unit of ProQuest LLC, has announced that West Virginia University (WVU) Libraries have selected its Summon web-scale discovery service to improve users' ability to find information. The Summon service will provide West Virginia's researchers with a modern interface and allow them to search the entire collection from a single search box quickly and easily.

The West Virginia University Libraries include five facilities - the Downtown Campus Library Complex, Evansdale Library, Health Sciences Library, Law Library and Libraries Depository - containing a vast amount of diverse resources.

Implementation of the Summon service is fast and easy and does not require libraries to make significant investments in hardware since it is a hosted solution. This also means that Serials Solutions maintains the service, freeing up librarians for other activities, such as managing collections or working on special projects.

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UK NPG conducting experiments to enhance pre-publication data sharing practices - 17 Nov 2010

Scientific publisher Nature Publishing Group (NPG), UK, has announced that it is conducting two experiments to help improve best practices for pre-publication data sharing and drafting of community standards in the genomics research community. NPG journals Nature Genetics and Nature Precedings are carrying out the two experiments.

In 2009, Nature published an article arising from a data release workshop with recommendations for prepublication data sharing. This first experiment is attempting to directly address the issues that arose, for example ensuring that data is available to the community before publication and giving researchers credit for the rapid release of data generated in large-scale reference projects prior to publication.

Pre-publication data sharing is the practice of making data publicly available for use by other scientists before the data-producing scientists have had a chance to publish on the data themselves. The National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) funded Human Microbiome Project, Nature Precedings and Nature Genetics are collaborating to pilot a community experiment to encourage pre-publication data sharing on Nature Precedings.

By posting data management and release plans - often called marker papers - in Nature Precedings, data-producing scientists can describe the data available as well as the timescale for release, quality control, ethical and legal considerations, as well as any funder-mandated restrictions on competing publication. The documents are permanently archived in a stable and citable format for reference by other scientists who wish to perform their own analyses on the data in accordance with any restrictions. The documents can also be used to assess the impact of released data sets.

A collection of marker papers and data plans from the Human Microbiome Project forms the pilot for this community experiment.

Additionally, Nature Genetics has commissioned a perspective on standards of functional analysis that build upon genome-wide association studies of cancer. The draft is authored by grantees of the National Institutes of Health Post-Genome Wide Association Study Initiative and is currently open for community review as a preprint on Nature Precedings. Substantial contributions will earn co-authorship credit. It is expected that this process will lead to a more robust set of criteria with broader consensus in the community and widespread adoption.

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US ECS researcher highlights need for more transparency in Web-based information systems - 17 Nov 2010

The need for more transparency in Web-based information systems has been highlighted by an academic at the University of Southampton's School of Electronics and Computer Science. In a paper entitled 'The Foundations for Provenance on the Web', published in the journal Foundations and Trends in Web Science, Professor Luc Moreau points out that due to the complex flows of information on the Web, it is not always clear where information originates from.

According to Professor Moreau, the solution lies in 'provenance', a term used in diverse areas such as art, archaeology and palaeontology, which describes the history of an object since its creation. Its main focus is to establish that the object has not been forged or altered, and the same can be done with computer-generated data. Understanding where data comes from will enable users to decide if it is trustworthy.

In his paper, Professor Moreau reviews several approaches that adopt provenance, allowing their actions and information flows to be audited, and their compliance with or violation of rules and policies to be determined. These strong capabilities - information transparency, auditing capabilities and compliance detection - provide users with the means to decide whether they can trust systems and information.

A copy of the paper: Luc Moreau (2010) The Foundations for Provenance on the Web, Foundations and Trends in Web Science: Vol. 2: No 2-3, pp 99-241 can be accessed at http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/21691.

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US Access for print disabled, library exceptions termed top WIPO priorities - 17 Nov 2010

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) closed its latest copyright meeting with a two-year work plan to improve access to the print disabled and to identify potential library exceptions in international treaty agreements. The Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights (SCCR) will devote several days of discussion at meetings in June and November 2011. This development is seen to suggest that WIPO is committed to address the rights of users of information in addition to its long-established emphasis on strengthening copyright and enforcement measures. A commitment to a legal instrument to improve access for the print disabled could come as soon as September 2011 at the WIPO General Assembly.

In its final conclusion, the SCCR 'will undertake text-based work with the objective of reaching agreement on appropriate exceptions and limitations for persons with print disabilities and other reading disabilities'.

The US library community was represented by the Library Copyright Alliance (LCA), of which ALA is a member, and internationally by the International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) and the Electronic Information for Libraries (eIFL). The LCA statement to the SCCR urged 'the Member States to focus on the twin issues of a national exception for countries that currently lack an exception (for persons with disabilities), and the cross-border distribution of works' as well as 'the development of a core set of library limitations and exceptions necessary to sustain a global information society'.

The US Delegation to WIPO, led by Justin Hughes, Under Secretary of Commerce in the USPTO, emphasised the need to address the issue of cross border sharing of accessible copies. Under international copyright law, member nations of WIPO cannot send accessible copies like Braille, large print, and audio texts to people with print disabilities in other nations. Known as the 'book famine', only 1 percent of published materials are available to developing and least developed nations. This immediate problem is directly linked to another associated WIPO priority, the 'Development Agenda' that has identified access to educational and informational materials as a necessary means toward the achievement of material progress and welfare of developing nations.

Representing the LCA, Janice Pilch cautioned that complete success is not guaranteed but WIPO's commitment to these issues is 'an unprecedented opportunity' for the print disabled and for libraries.

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US Epocrates acquires Modality, Inc. - 17 Nov 2010

Point-of-care reference solutions provider Epocrates, Inc., US, has announced it has acquired Modality, Inc. Modality is a premier developer of digital learning, assessment, training and reference applications for Apple mobile devices.

This acquisition is expected to expand Epocrates' product portfolio and accelerate the delivery of innovative clinical solutions for healthcare professionals. Key benefits of the acquisition include diversifying and expanding the breadth of clinical information available at the point-of-care to the Epocrates clinician network; leveraging the power of the iPhone and iPad devices to more rapidly introduce powerful solutions for clinicians; and enhancing the customisation and sophistication of Epocrates' interactive services, such as mobile video details and mobile resource centers.

With more than 175,000 US physicians using an Apple device and Epocrates' #1 ranked drug reference application, it remains the platform of choice among healthcare professionals. With Modality's iOS development expertise, Epocrates will now increase the volume and rapid delivery of new education and resource apps for clinicians.

Since the Apple store launched in 2007, Modality has introduced more than 140 applications for iPhone, iPod touch and iPad devices. Most recently, the iPad device is emerging as an ideal mobile companion for physicians. Epocrates will be focusing early efforts with Modality on developing robust, multi-media applications for the iPad device.

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US Metadata from the U.S. Government Printing Office to be searchable via EBSCO Discovery Service - 17 Nov 2010

Electronic research databases provider EBSCO Publishing (EBSCO), US, has announced that metadata from the U.S Government Printing Office (GPO) will soon be searchable through EBSCO Discovery Service (EDS). EDS Customers will be able to search for federal records from the Government Printing Office's Catalog of U.S. Government Publications.

The U.S Government Printing Office provides publishing & dissemination services for the official & authentic government publications to Congress, federal agencies, federal depository libraries and the American public. The GPO joins a long list of publishers and other content partners who are taking part in EDS to bring more visibility to their content. This includes the British Library, Baker & Taylor, NewsBank, Readex, LexisNexis, Alexander Street Press, Oxford University Press, American Psychological Association, ABC-CLIO, ingentaconnect, Web of Science (for mutual customers) and H.W. Wilson (for mutual customers).

EBSCO Discovery Service creates a unified, customised index of an institution's information resources, and an easy, yet powerful means of accessing all of that content from a single search box. The EDS Base Index forms the foundation upon which each EDS subscribing library builds out its custom collection. Beginning with the Base Index, each institution extends the reach of EDS by adding appropriate resources including its catalog, institutional repositories, EBSCOhost and other databases, and additional content sources to which it subscribes.

The EDS Base Index is comprised of metadata from the world's foremost information providers. At present, the EDS Base Index represents content from approximately 20,000 providers in addition to metadata from another 70,000 book publishers.

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US Ingenuity Systems and Sage Bionetworks announce new collaboration - 17 Nov 2010

Ingenuity Systems, a provider of information solutions for life science researchers, has announced a new collaboration with Sage Bionetworks, a nonprofit medical research organisation focusing on predictive disease network research.

Under the collaboration, Sage will leverage IPA, Ingenuity's industry-leading analysis software, and the Ingenuity Knowledge Base of structured biomedical Findings, to inform and enhance Sage's predictive disease networks. Additionally, Sage's web portal will provide links to the Ingenuity Knowledge Base and to IPA, to help visitors access timely, context-rich biomedical information and better understand it in a biological context. Sage's content, algorithms, and predictive disease networks will also be made available within Ingenuity products like IPA.

The Ingenuity-Sage collaboration will support therapeutic area researchers who are working to understand the complex developments in the diagnosis, treatment, and etiology of diseases. Researchers will be able to use the content and algorithms from Sage within IPA to analyse molecular data, generate testable hypotheses, and build and visualise predictive disease models. These models will enable researchers to more rapidly identify and prioritise therapeutic targets for drug development and assess toxicity of potential drug candidates.

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US Baylor University Libraries join HathiTrust Digital Library consortium - 17 Nov 2010

The Baylor University Libraries have joined the Library of Congress and a group of more than 50 leading research universities in a partnership with HathiTrust, a collaborative digital archive initiative that will enhance research resources available to the Baylor community.

HathiTrust was established in 2008 when the Committee on Institutional Cooperation, the libraries of the University of California system and the University of Virginia established a repository to archive and share digital collections. The HathiTrust Digital Library already includes more than 7.2 million volumes digitised by Google, Microsoft, partner libraries and other organisations. The collection will continue to expand as member institutions add their digital collections to the repository.

HathiTrust seeks to preserve and provide access to the published record in digital form. By virtue of the Baylor University Libraries entering into this international collaborative digitisation effort during the first wave of HathiTrust's expansion, they will participate in a 'constitutional convention' in 2011 to define the next phase of governance of this effort and shape future directions for the partnership of HathiTrust members.

The Baylor University Libraries connect people with ideas in support of teaching, learning, scholarship and academic distinction. Its central libraries (Moody Memorial and Jesse H. Jones) and special collections libraries (Armstrong Browning Library, The Texas Collection and W.R. Poage Legislative Library) are home to nearly 2.5 million volumes, more than 60,000 serials, and more than 500,000 e-books, e-journals, digital collections and other online research resources.

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India Attention Subscribers - www.myscoope.com lets you access Knowledgespeak using your mobile devices - 17 Nov 2010

Mobile access for Knowledgespeak is now available via our new beta application, SCOOPE STM Mobile. Subscribers on the move can now gain easy access to Knowledgespeak through a reader-friendly mobile phone interface.

This application is uniquely available in two versions: a mobile browser version and a Java application version. The mobile browser version, www.myscoope.com, is designed specifically for all types of Mobile Phones and Devices including iPhone, iPod, iPad, Black Berry and Android phones. The Java version - SCOOPE.JAR - is for all other Java enabled phones which are not browser friendly.

Some of SCOOPE STM Mobile's user-friendly features include:

» Selecting desired news items
» Saving News articles in the local phone memory for later reading
» Search options
» Forwarding information via SMS or email
» Navigating to the URL links listed in the news item

Knowledgespeak is currently inviting feedback/suggestions from its subscribers as to their experiences with the service. Please send in your feedback to us at kspeaknews@scopeknowledge.com

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