The UK's JISC has released a report on text mining, a complex and innovative method of searching and analysing data. The report shows that text mining has huge potential benefits for the UK economy and knowledge base, but its use is being held back by copyright law and other barriers.
Text mining draws on data analysis techniques such as natural language processing and information extraction to find new knowledge and meaningful patterns within large collections. The business benefit of text mining is in identifying emerging trends, and to explore consumer preferences and competitor developments. It is particularly used in larger companies as part of their customer relationship management strategy and in the pharmaceutical industry as part of its R&D strategy.
The report shows that such techniques could enable researchers in UK universities to gain new knowledge that would otherwise remain undiscovered because there is just too much relevant literature for any one person to read. Such discoveries could lead to benefits for society and the economy.
The UK has a number of strengths that put it in a good position to be a key player in text mining development, it is observed. The strengths include the existence of good framework conditions for innovation and the natural advantage of its native language.
The report shows the importance of implementing the recommendations of the Hargreaves Review as current copyright law is also imposing restrictions, since text mining involves a range of computerised analytical processes which are not all readily permitted within UK intellectual property law. In order to be 'mined', text must be accessed, copied, analysed, annotated and related to existing information and understanding. Even if the user has access rights to the material, making annotated copies can be illegal under current copyright law without the permission of the copyright holder.
The report identifies a number of barriers that need to overcome to make best use of text mining tools in the future. Firstly, text mining is a complex technical process that requires skilled staff; secondly it requires unrestricted access to information sources; thirdly copyright can be a barrier. The report authors conclude that more work needs to be undertaken to raise awareness of the potential benefits and value of text mining to UK further and higher education.
A recent event at the Wellcome Trust started the process of looking at how publishers, researchers and policy makers can make this happen.
The Pearson Foundation has released a new study which reveals that students believe tablets and other mobile devices will transform learning. The Pearson Foundation's Second Annual Survey on Students and Tablets also finds that tablet ownership among college students and high school seniors has risen dramatically in the last year. Tablet ownership tripled among college students (25% vs. 7% in 2011) and quadrupled among high school seniors (17% vs. 4% in 2011).
The survey reveals that more students are reading digital books, and that a majority of college students (63%) and high school seniors (69%) believe that tablets will effectively replace textbooks within the next five years.
The Pearson Foundation Survey on Students and Tablets was conducted to understand how college students and college-bound high school seniors currently use and would like to use mobile technology. It also examined their perceptions about how tablets and related mobile devices are changing their expectations about their educational experience. The survey asked students specifically about ownership and intent to purchase; usage; preferences between digital and print formats when reading for school and pleasure; and what school-related activities they prefer. The survey was conducted online by Harris Interactive on behalf of the Pearson Foundation in January 2012 among 1,206 college students and 204 college-bound high school seniors.
Survey findings indicate that over one-third of college students (36%) and one-quarter of college-bound high school seniors (26%) intend to purchase a tablet in the next six months. This includes almost half of tablet-owning college students who plan on buying another tablet device (46%), and one in five who are first-time buyers (college students: 21%; high school seniors: 20%). Among college students who own tablets, the Apple iPad is by far the most popular tablet (63%) followed by the Kindle Fire (26%) and the Samsung Galaxy Tab (15%).
Digital readership has continued to grow since last year's survey. Seventy percent of college students have read a digital text, compared to 62% in 2011, and the majority of students now prefer digital to print. Nearly all college student tablet owners believe these devices are valuable for educational purposes (90%). Three-quarters of college student tablet owners use tablets daily for school-related activities; three in five say they use their tablet for school purposes multiple times a day.
The survey is part of the Pearson Foundation Survey series. Previous surveys have addressed early literacy, community college, literacy, philanthropy and, again in 2012, tablets usage.
While the majority of the UK's undergraduate students are now using e-books, none are yet relying on them as a primary source of information. Print continues its hold as a key resource for at least two-thirds of students. These are among the key findings of a major new study by book research firm BML, a Bowker business. The study, conducted in December 2011, explores student information sources in the digital world. It shows significant change since 2003, when BML conducted similar research.
The study plots a variety of changes and pace at which they're occurring. For instance, 88 percent of undergraduates still use printed books and lecturer handouts, a decline from 95 percent in 2003. Further, online journals are growing in popularity, with nearly 80 percent of students embracing them, up from 66 percent in 2003.
The study also explores how students are accessing materials. The study found that 48 percent of students using printed books obtain them mainly from the library - more than double the amount buying them new or second-hand. Nearly half of those using e-books download them for free, with 38 percent borrowing from the library. Just 9 percent buy e-books.
The BML Bowker student survey will now run annually, with the results of the 2011 study providing a new benchmark from which to monitor further changes over time. In addition to monitoring student attitudes and behaviours, BML Bowker is currently conducting an international study, the Global eBook Monitor (GEM), in partnership with Pearson, Tata Consultancy Services, BISG and AT Kearney. The aim is to compare and contrast e-book purchasing and growth in countries around the world, including the UK, US, Australia, India, Brazil, Japan, South Korea, Germany, France and Spain. Results from this will be released in April. Additional contextual information on e-book discovery, buying behaviour and future buying intentions in the UK is being investigated via BML Bowker's research project, now in its second year, Understanding the Digital Consumer.
Open access publisher BioMed Central, UK, has announced three of its journals have been recently accepted by Thomson Reuters for impact factor tracking. The journals are all due to receive their first impact factors in June 2013.
The journals are: Health Research Policy and Systems, International Journal of Mental Health Systems and Population Health Metrics
Health Research Policy and Systems is an open access, peer-reviewed, online journal that aims to provide a platform for the global research community to share their views, findings, insights and successes. The journal considers manuscripts that investigate the role of evidence-based health policy and health research systems in ensuring the efficient utilization and application of knowledge to improve health and health equity, especially in developing countries.
The International Journal of Mental Health Systems provides a home for the latest mental health system research, policy and debates, as well as for articles with educational intent that will build capacity for mental health system research and development.
Population Health Metrics is an open access, peer-reviewed, online journal featuring innovative research that addresses all aspects of the measurement of population health, including concepts, methods, ethics, and results. The journal seeks to address issues relating to concepts, methods, ethics applications and results in the measurement of the health of populations.
Non-profit electronic archiving service provider Portico, US, has announced that participants in the Portico E-Journal Preservation Service will have access to 10 volumes of the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Audiology. The title was formerly published by Australian Academic Press and ceased publication in 2011.
The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Audiology is no longer available through any online platform. This content has therefore 'triggered' and is now available to Portico participants via the Portico archive.
Participating institutions will gain access to the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Audiology through Portico regardless of whether they previously subscribed to this journal.
Gale, part of Cengage Learning and a publisher of research and reference resources for libraries, schools and businesses, has announced Gale Gateways, an innovative programme for public libraries. Designed to represent the unique way in which a community interacts with its public library, Gale Gateways bring together thematic products and services to provide an organised approach to help patrons find and use information.
Web support includes the customisable Gateway web portal tool and search engine optimisation. The Gateway portals can be linked from the library's main website, are easy to configure and can link directly to any library resource - whether it be a Gale resource or not. Customisation is a key feature of the portal tool, from content to logos, colours and text, librarians have full control of the Gateway look. Customers can give their Gateways any name, allowing them to tap into their current library branding if they choose, along with localising their site with relevant community information.
Customised marketing materials, along with a new type of training/programming from Gale's Customer Education Specialists, will extend the Gateway brand deep within a library community. Library staff training, direct to the public training, as well as templates and tools, will help staff create their own relevant community workshops around Gateway themes.
The themes of the first Gateways to be released include Business; Jobs & Career; Health & Wellness; Homework Help; and Home, Hobbies & Entertainment. Gale is working closely with customers to further explore all the possibilities within these first Gateways, as well as other themes to come. Feedback from current customers has been positive.
The ALPSP award for publishing innovation recognises a significantly innovative approach to any aspect of publication. Applications will be judged on their originality and innovative qualities, together with their utility, benefit to their community and long term prospects. Applications should, therefore, provide information about these aspects together with any other information which one believes makes the project or publication truly innovative.
The ALPSP award for best new journal is open to any peer-reviewed journal launched in the last 1-3 years. The judges will consider four main aspects of the journal and its launch - market research, editorial strategy, marketing and commercial success.
The closing date for receipt of applications is May 30, 2012. The winners will be announced at the Awards Dinner on September 12 at the ALPSP International Conference.
Academic publisher Emerald Group Publishing Limited, UK, has announced the appointment of Dr Francis D. (Doug) Tuggle, Professor in the Argyros School of Business and Economics, as editor of the interdisciplinary scholarly journal - The Learning Organization: The International Journal of Critical Studies in Organizational Learning.
Currently publishing six issues per year, the journal examines international evidence of organisational performance through an interdisciplinary lens. It aims to promote deeper understanding of organisational success in a dynamic global economy through theoretically informed critical studies of organisational learning, necessarily touching upon issues such as organisational and national culture, employee engagement, power, ideology, structure, leadership, change management, effectiveness, complexity, technology, networks, and other factors that affect enduringly successful organisations. Case studies of organisational success and failure are welcome, as are critical analyses of organisational learning.
Reaching thousands, the journal has four regional editors in the US, Europe, South America, and Asia.
Academic publisher SAGE,, US, has announced that Library Journal has selected three SAGE Reference titles and two CQ Press databases to be included in its annual Best Reference 2011 feature.
The titles being recognised by Library Journal this year include
Encyclopedia of Social Networks; Encyclopedia of Sports Management and Marketing; and International Encyclopedia of Political Science from SAGE Reference. The titles being recognised from CQ Press include CQ Press Political Reference Suite of Online Editions and First Street.
The annual Library Journal Best Reference list seeks to recognise the top reference titles that have been reviewed in the journal during the previous year. The selected titles are seen to reflect a diversity of subjects, representing the company's growing and diverse list of significant reference resources available to researchers from SAGE and CQ Press.