It has been reported that nearly 2,000 publishing and distributing organisations have withdrawn from the Chinese market in 2005. The announcement followed an online inspection conducted by the State Press and Publication Administration (SPPA) of 122,371 press companies operating in China. These included 51 publishing companies, seven joint-stock or foreign-funded companies, 73 chain organisations, 6,861 companies for wholesale distribution and 115,126 for retailing distribution.
According to a China Press and Publishing Journal report, part of the 1,956 publishing organisations withdrew from the market as their permits were revoked after they failed to pass the inspection and the remaining withdrew voluntarily due to inefficient management.
It further said that with the rising popularity of computers, online book purchasing was predicted to virtually become the new economic growth point in the publication market.
The science and technology publishing industry in China received a shot in the arm with the launch of a comprehensive material engineering series, 'China Materials Engineering Canon.' The series, for the first time includes several significant technique parameters to facilitate research in the materials engineering sector.
The 70-million-character and 26-volume book series summarises the country's research in material engineering during the last decade. It combines enhanced foreign material technologies to aid domestic product research and development, environmental protection and energy-saving.
Compiled by researchers from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and more than 1,200 university professors and experts, the series offers the most up-to-date technique parameters, graphs and practical scientific research applications in areas like information industry, aeronautics, metallurgy, automobiles, manufacturing, shipping and weaponry.
Publisher Thomas Communications, Inc., US, has announced the launch of Business Transformation Journal, a new journal to exclusively assist CIO's, enterprise architects and line of business managers to work in collaboration to drive IT innovation for gaining a competitive advantage.
A quarterly, the journal covers articles and columns from some of the most respected authorities in innovation, agility, business process efficiencies, and other business transformation issues. It also features case studies on how business units and IT collaborations have achieved various business objectives. Results from surveys performed throughout the year will also be published to offer a perspective of what other enterprises are doing on a collective basis.
The board of directors of the US-based American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) has strongly condemned proposed legislation and policies that would challenge the teaching of evolution. The move will deprive students of the education they need to be productive citizens in a growing technological, global community, says the board.
At least 14 anti-evolution laws are pending across the US, including the Missouri HB 1266. Some of these bills seek to discredit evolution by emphasising "flaws" in the theory, or "disagreements" within the scientific community. Other bills seek to encourage teachers and students to explore the concept of intelligent design or other non-scientific "alternatives" to evolution. The AAAS maintains that there is no significant controversy within the scientific community about the validity of evolution.
The AAAS statement was released to help commence 'Evolution on the Front Line', an event for K-12 teachers at the recently held 2006 AAAS Annual Meeting in St. Louis. The free event, open to teachers, scientists, policymakers, students and reporters, was organised by AAAS in association with over 30 leading educational and scientific organisations. During the event, K-12 teachers across the US were invited to use instant 'clicker-survey' devices to identify the top four challenges that they associate in teaching evolution.
Search and filter technology developer Fast Search & Transfer (FAST), Norway, has announced that biotech-based leader in enzymes and micro organisms, Novozymes A/S, Denmark, has signed an agreement with FAST's partner, TietoEnator. Under the deal, TietoEnator will deploy the FAST Enterprise Search Platform (FAST ESP) as the search and information retrieval standard across Novozymes' intranet and knowledge repositories.
FAST will replace the existing search engine that is currently being used in connection with Novozymes central electronic archive. Additional data sources, starting with the intranet, will gradually be integrated into the search application.
FAST's portfolio of solutions supply a complete information retrieval solution ideal for a growing number of key vertical markets and applications including e-commerce and internet portals; media and publishing; life sciences; financial services; government; and telecom.
The Breast Journal, a bimonthly brought out by Blackwell Publishing, UK, has published a study, according to which mammography coupled with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is extremely sensitive in the detection of Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DCIS). DCIS, or early stage breast carcinoma, is a pre-invasive malignancy and MRI may help identify this type of disease, which may not be otherwise visible on a mammogram.
The study evaluated the medical records of women diagnosed with DCIS, aged between 34 and 79 years, and who underwent MRI and mammographic examinations during a period of approximately two years. Of the total cases involved, DCIS was detected by MRI alone in 64 percent and by mammography alone in only 3 percent. MRI and mammography together detected DCIS in 24 percent.
The American Cancer Society has recommended that women age 40 and above undergo a mammogram every year. Those at increased risk should consult their doctors about starting mammograms when they are younger, having additional tests (such as MRI) or having more frequent exams, says the Society.