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UK STM responds to the Max Planck Digital Library White Paper on the Open Access Transition - 14 Dec 2015

The International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers (STM) has welcomed the Max Planck DL (MPDL) paper on the transition to OA. STM welcomes this contribution to the open access debate and shares the belief that the most sustainable open access future is a Gold one. The Association also agree with MPDL that at the highest level there is sufficient funding to support both a consumer-led model and after 100 percent transition a producer-led model.

However, the MPDL paper makes a number of assumptions which are not backed by the current data available and the experience of STM members. It is hoped that the observations put forward will lay the basis for collaboration with MDPL and other stakeholders to explore how a sustainable transition to a fully gold open access world might be made possible.

According to STM, there is no consensus on adopting the Gold model. Presently the declared policies of many research institutions and countries support the author self-archiving repository-based route to open access, the so-called Green route, with over 400 mandates in place around the world to date. The Green route provides only access to a draft version of an article, after a period of delay, and is funded through the subscription business model. The Green route therefore relies on the continuation and existence of journal subscriptions.

Adoption of Gold OA models also varies significantly by discipline. Gold OA has been most enthusiastically adopted in the biomedical sciences where there is both widespread researcher support and an infrastructure of funders willing to support APCs. This is seen to be a good area on which to focus since this is a sizeable field of academic publishing. The picture is very different in other areas, especially those not commonly funded as generously as the sciences. For researchers without such resources to fall back on, the discretionary funds of their institution may be the only source. This has made the prospect of Gold open access more challenging for many researchers in social sciences, humanities and the arts.

The speed of transition has been overestimated. Data from the STM Report 2015 shows that in the last 10 years Gold OA articles have increased from about 3 percent to 13 percent of the total produced each year. At the same time, due to the growth of the market, overall numbers of articles and journals in the subscription-licensing based model continue to grow.

Further, the STM notes that the use of subscriptions and the origin of papers are mismatched. Subscriptions are spread around a broad spectrum of over 15000 institutions worldwide. The producers of papers are much more concentrated in a smaller set of highly research intensive institutions. A full Gold transition would envisage the research universities bearing a higher proportion of the overall costs than at present while the less research intensive would have their information costs dramatically reduced.

The MPDL median APC figure of €2000 does not reflect the current mixed market of mainly subscription based resources and is too low for a 100 percent Gold universe. The MPDL estimate of €2000 as a median APC is much lower than the €2495 estimated by the Wellcome Trust. MPDL advocates retaining existing journals with the current level of service, but the model needs to account for the associated costs. Many hybrid journals, whose APCs are accounted for in the Wellcome Trust estimate, have higher costs because they are more selective than the sound science journals that dominate the fully-OA market. In a 100% Gold universe, APCs would also need to cover the significant infrastructure costs currently sustained by subscriptions. Because it is not just libraries who pay for journals, research funders and corporations should also be included in this dialogue now and in the future, notes STM.

STM supports the so-called Gold or pay-to-publish route to OA as a sustainable way forward for open access publication, but recognises the need for green open access options. The Association also support the approach recommended by the Finch Group and others. The economics and politics of such a transition will be far from simple or easy.

Several pilots have been agreed between publishers and consortia or institutes that attempt to manage the transition to open access. These allow for both subscription access, and open access publishing minimising administrative obstacles or cost barriers.

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Case Studies/Industry study reports

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US University Library of Southern Denmark opts for ProQuest’s next-generation library services platform, Intota - 14 Dec 2015

The University Library of Southern Denmark (SDUB), the third largest University in Denmark, recently made the decision to choose ProQuest's next-generation library services platform, Intota™, to enhance management of electronic resources and offer improved discovery within their libraries.

As an open university, over 30,000 students, researchers and the general public use SDUB as a knowledge centre for the entire region of Southern Denmark with six campuses in different Danish cities. The library provides access to a variety of research materials including its ever-expanding digital collections which drove the need to find a more robust system for electronic resource management.

SDUB required assistance in managing its digital collections, as it moved away from the more traditional print collections. Intota provided the university with a cloud-based Library Services Platform that would help librarians work with greater efficiency, reducing tedious and redundant traditional workflows. Using this more efficient way to manage their collections enabled them to devote more time to addressing the needs of their users. The comprehensive ERM system available with Intota connects to the 360 Link link resolver and the Summon Discovery service further eliminating duplication of work.

One key workflow element offered in Intota is called 'My Intota.' 'My Intota' provides an 'Activities' and 'Databases' workspace that includes tasks, deadlines and associated action steps—with multiple filtering capabilities and access to more detail relevant to the specific task. This provides the university library staff a simple and efficient tool to manage all elements within an easy-to-navigate single interface.

Another benefit offered by Intota is that it addresses the needs of librarians like those at SDUB, without them needing to adopt a whole new system. The Intota library services platform provides market-leading discovery, linking, assessment, and management solutions for collections in a single package to integrate with existing systems. Intota reduces the frustration of managing incompatible, disparate systems that don't address the biggest pain points of today's increasingly digital collections and no major migrations of other systems are required.

The University Library of Southern Denmark is one of more than 100 libraries worldwide who have selected Intota for electronic resources management since the product's introduction in 2014.

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Cloud-based solutions

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US Dr. Ingrid Montes re-elected to board of the American Chemical Society - 14 Dec 2015

Dr. Ingrid Montes, Assistant Dean of Graduate Studies and Research of the College of Natural Sciences and professor of chemistry at the University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras, San Juan, has been re-elected director-at-large of the American Chemical Society (ACS), the world's largest scientific society. She will begin her second three-year term on January 1, 2016.

Her many years of service to the ACS have included positions at the national and local levels, such as member of the ACS Committee on Education; chair of the Committee on Community Activities; editorial advisory board member for the Journal of Chemical Education and ChemMatters magazine; and chair, councilor and National Chemistry Week coordinator for the Puerto Rico Section of the ACS. As the founder of the new approved program "Festival Series," and her support to the implementation of webinars in Spanish, she has been an international networking facilitator.

Montes graduated from the University of Puerto Rico with a B.S. in 1980 and a Ph.D. in 1985. She has been on the faculty there since 1987.

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Scholarly/Professional Publishing

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US Library, Higher Education Groups urge US Congress to support open internet order - 14 Dec 2015

The American Library Association (ALA), Association of Research Libraries (ARL), and EDUCAUSE recently sent a joint letter to US Congressional leaders, asking them to oppose the inclusion of any language in the current Omnibus Appropriations bill that would undermine the authority of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to enforce its Open Internet Order protecting net neutrality. The Open Internet Order, which became effective in June, prohibits blocking, throttling, and paid prioritisation of content on the Internet.

In the letter, the organisations note the importance of net neutrality. ALA, ARL, and EDUCAUSE believe that preserving an open Internet is essential to educational achievement, freedom of speech, and economic growth. The open Internet has become a cornerstone of the educational, academic, and computer services that libraries and higher education offer to students, teachers, and the general public. Libraries and higher education institutions are prolific producers of Internet content. It is vital that the Internet remains a network neutral environment so that libraries and higher education institutions have the freedom to create and provide innovative information services that are central to the growth and development of a democratic culture.

ALA, ARL, and EDUCAUSE joined with several other organisations in issuing a set of Net Neutrality Principles in July 2014. The organisations participated actively in the FCC's Open Internet proceeding that led to the adoption in February 2015 of the Open Internet Order, which incorporated many of the 2014 principles.

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Library information/solutions provider

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US New Penton SmartReach Audience Extension provides expanded reach for B2B marketers - 14 Dec 2015

Penton, an innovative information services company, has announced the launch of Penton SmartReach™ Audience Extension, which for the first time will provide business-to-business marketers with the ability to better target and convert new customers through email and websites. The expanded capability of Penton SmartReach helps marketers reach the company's 20 million business decision makers when they are browsing the web, recapture their interest and reinforce brand messaging across more than 16 major vertical markets.

Penton SmartReach Audience Extension provides the ability to precisely target audiences through deep data sets that provide intelligence across more than 1,000 key firmographic and demographic differentiators. Marketers can hyper-target ad messages to reinforce branding and drive greater conversion for email and website campaigns through a best practices approach, so ads are displayed wherever a potential customer travels online.

With access to more than 98 percent of online display inventory, Audience Extension serves more than one billion impressions annually. Site and email targeting consistently outperforms other forms of display advertising, helping marketers get the most out of their ad spending by focusing impressions on high quality Penton audiences.

As part of Penton SmartReach, advertising always runs on brand-safe inventory with the ability to proactively target comScore's top 1,000 sites, contextual channels or other brand-safe site lists.

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Information and Publishing Services

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US Boopsie’s library-branded mobile apps receive silver distinction in LibraryWorks’ annual Modern Library Awards - 14 Dec 2015

Mobile platform-as-a-service provider Boopsie, Inc. has announced that their library-branded mobile apps have received a silver distinction in the LibraryWorks' second annual Modern Library Awards (MLAs).

The MLAs were created as a way to objectively recognise the top products in the library industry. Each product or service submitted in Fall 2015 for consideration was posted to a private site with an enhanced description and attendant materials before being batched into small groups and sent to the LibraryWorks database of more than 80,000 librarians at public, K-12, academic and special libraries. To ensure a truly unbiased score, only customers with experience with Boopsie mobile apps in their libraries were permitted to judge the products.

Each judge scored the Boopsie mobile apps' functionality, value and customer service on a numeric basis from 1-10. Boopsie's highest marks were given for "quality of the product" and "quality of service delivered by the company," data that continues a trend seen in the company's impressive quarterly customer satisfaction ratings.

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Awards, Certification and other Achievements

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India Latest edition of Blogspeak now online - 14 Dec 2015

The latest edition of Blogspeak is now online. Featured are: Laura Wheeler (Scholarly Publishing Demographic Survey Reveals Major Diversity Challenges In Scholarly Publishing #STMchallenges); Philip Moriarty, Paul Benneworth and Contributors (Should post-publication peer review be anonymous?); Phill Jones (Letting Out Steam: Reproducibility Problems); Phil Davis (PubMed Central Boosts Citations, Study Claims); Joe Wikert (Solving discovery with better content marketing); Rick Anderson (The Dissertation Mess: Balancing Rights and Responsibilities); and John Jerrim and Robert de Vries (Can social science still be used as a foundation for public policy? On improving the reliability of evidence). Blogspeak includes blog posts relevant to the publishing industry, particularly STM publishing. Subscribers are invited to participate in the latest edition of Blogspeak Here.

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