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Netherland China set to become global leader in AI research, says new Elsevier report - 11 Dec 2018

Elsevier, the information analytics business specialising in science and health, has released a new study, according to which, China is growing in importance as a global leader in Artificial Intelligence (AI) research, and there is an increasing trend of researchers moving from academia to industry, especially in the United States. This first-of-its-kind analysis charts Artificial Intelligence research trends across the world, with a focus on China, Europe and the United States, and finds a global 'brain drain' from academia to the private sector.

The report shows that, globally, AI research has accelerated, growing by more than 12 percent annually in the past five years (2013-2017), comparing to less than 5 percent for the previous 5 years (2008-2012). By contrast, research output overall, across all subject areas globally, has grown by 0.8 percent annually over the past five years (2013-2017).

The Elsevier analysis finds that industry in the United States attracts the most AI talent from both local- and international-academia. In Europe there's a stronger move of academic talent moving to non-European industry.

Over the last three years, the data shows Chinese academia attracting more AI talent than it is losing, confirming that the country is on track to establish a leading position in AI research. Having overtaken the United States in AI research output in 2004, China is set to overtake Europe and become the biggest source of AI research globally in the next four years, if the pace of current trends continues.

Another important revelation is that despite the increasing societal reference of AI and the media attention on the ethical implications of AI, academic research on the ethics of AI has been limited.

Reviewing 600,000 documents and over 700 field-specific keywords across four sectors - research, education, technology, and media - the semantic analysis reveals that the field of AI focuses on seven distinct research areas: Search and Optimization, Fuzzy Systems, Natural Language Processing and Knowledge Representation, Computer Vision, Machine Learning and Probabilistic Reasoning, Planning and Decision Making, and Neural Networks. Of these areas, research in Machine Learning and Probabilistic Reasoning, Neural Networks, and Computer Vision show the largest volume of research output and growth.

International mobility and collaboration patterns suggest that China operates in relative isolation from the wider research community. Europe is the largest and most diverse region in AI scholarly output (in terms of research areas within AI), with high and rising levels of international collaborations outside of Europe. In 2017, India was the third largest country in terms of research output in AI after China and the US. Iran is ninth in publication output, on par with France and Canada. Germany and Japan remain the fifth and sixth largest in AI research output.

Data used in the report comes from Elsevier's Scopus, Fingerprint Engine, PlumX, ScienceDirect, and SciVal, RELX's TotalPatent, and further draws on public sources, including dblp, arXiv, Stanford AI Index, kamishima.net, and Kaggle, as well as datasets provided by the Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Science.

Brought to you by Scope e-Knowledge Center, a trusted global partner for digital content transformation solutions - Abstracting & Indexing (A&I), Knowledge Modeling (Taxonomies, Thesauri and Ontologies), and Metadata Enrichment & Entity Extraction.

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UK Emerald Open Research now open for submissions - 11 Dec 2018

Academic publisher Emerald Publishing has announced that its new open access platform, Emerald Open Research, is now open for submissions.

Created in partnership with F1000, the platform, which is new and pioneering for the social sciences community, offers authors immediate publication followed by transparent open peer review, and supports an open data policy. This means all data sets - as well as the research - will become freely available to reuse, repurpose, and redistribute.

With the drive towards open research becoming more significant, the aim was to create a platform that supported easy, rapid and transparent publishing while giving authors the opportunity to increase the discoverability, accessibility and impact of research.

The only open social sciences platform of its kind, Emerald Open Research offers a new and innovative way to rapidly publish a range of research outputs, from original research articles to case studies and data notes.

Emerald Open Research will be based on multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary research themes that address crucial real world topics aligned to the United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals. At launch Emerald Open Research will offer six gateways - Sustainable Food Systems; Healthy Lives; Responsible Management; Sustainable Cities; 21st Century Education; Digital World - each of them now open to submissions.

Emerald Open Research, along with each individual gateway, will be supported by an advisory board of academics and practitioners who will advocate the benefits of an open publishing workflow and support in commissioning content.

Brought to you by Scope e-Knowledge Center, a trusted global partner for digital content transformation solutions - Abstracting & Indexing (A&I), Knowledge Modeling (Taxonomies, Thesauri and Ontologies), and Metadata Enrichment & Entity Extraction.

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US CLOCKSS to preserve University of Michigan Press ebook collection on Fulcrum - 11 Dec 2018

The CLOCKSS Archive has announced that the University of Michigan Press and CLOCKSS have signed an agreement for the preservation of the e-books in University of Michigan Press's forthcoming UMP Ebook Collection which will be hosted on the innovative Fulcrum publishing platform.

Initially this will include over 1000 backlist books from University of Michigan Press and around 80 new titles a year for direct sale to libraries. More backlist titles will be added during the next few years and the agreement will be expanded to include other publishers hosted on Fulcrum, including the groundbreaking open access publishing program from Lever Press.

CLOCKSS and Michigan are both committed to solving the issues surrounding the publication and preservation of new forms of digital scholarship. The Fulcrum platform supports e-books with enhanced features, such as A Mid-Republican House from Gabii and Animal Acts.

Brought to you by Scope e-Knowledge Center, a trusted global partner for digital content transformation solutions - Abstracting & Indexing (A&I), Knowledge Modeling (Taxonomies, Thesauri and Ontologies), and Metadata Enrichment & Entity Extraction.

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Digital Asset Management Platform
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US Scholastica announces archiving and indexing automations for OA journals - 11 Dec 2018

Scholastica, a vanguard academic journal software and service provider with tools for peer review and open access publishing, has announced new archiving and indexing automations. Scholastica now offers automated article and metadata deposits for the Portico digital preservation archive and for the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ). The new automations are in line with Scholastica's mission to modernise all areas of publishing, helping OA journal publishers do more with fewer resources.

Among the first journals to use the new archiving and indexing automations are Discrete Analysis, a scholar-led OA journal that receives support from Cambridge University Library, and The Reading Room: A Journal of Special Collections, published by the University at Buffalo Libraries.

The new automations are available to all journals using Scholastica's Open Access Publishing Software. In order to initiate automatic content deposits into Portico or the DOAJ via Scholastica, journals must first set up accounts with either service and be approved to use them. Once approved, journals notify Scholastica to set up a content deposit feed for them and the rest is handled automatically.

Brought to you by Scope e-Knowledge Center, a trusted global partner for digital content transformation solutions - Abstracting & Indexing (A&I), Knowledge Modeling (Taxonomies, Thesauri and Ontologies), and Metadata Enrichment & Entity Extraction.

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Web-based information services

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German SourceData and BioStudies to implement new publication workflow - 11 Dec 2018

SourceData in collaboration with EMBL-EBI's BioStudies now offers an integrated workflow to make published data openly accessible and easy to find. EMBO's SourceData is an open platform that makes the data in research papers directly searchable. SourceData describes the contents of figures from scientific articles in a standardised, machine-readable format, allowing articles to be searched and interlinked using their data content.

The EMBO Journal, EMBO Reports, Molecular Systems Biology and EMBO Molecular Medicine, published by EMBO Press, will process all accepted manuscripts through SourceData and make their raw data files downloadable via links to the BioStudies repository from January 2019.

According to SourceData project lead, Thomas Lemberger, SourceData provides complete implementations of the FAIR principles to date. By curating figures and their underlying data, SourceData provides authors with a service that makes their data searchable, interconnected, accessible and downloadable as an integral part of journal publication. This process adds value by enabling figures to talk to each other, establishing connections across papers based on the experimental data.

The management and hosting of the SourceData files is enabled by an automated route for passing files and their descriptive metadata from SourceData to BioStudies.

Following this pilot, SourceData aims to partner with other organisations to make this integrated data-discovery platform available more widely for publishers and other scientific institutions to benefit from its organised system of hosted, findable data.

Brought to you by Scope e-Knowledge Center, a trusted global partner for digital content transformation solutions - Abstracting & Indexing (A&I), Knowledge Modeling (Taxonomies, Thesauri and Ontologies), and Metadata Enrichment & Entity Extraction.

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STM Publishing

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