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Netherland Elsevier and Wageningen University & Research collaborate to detect and prevent citation manipulation - 06 Sep 2019

Elsevier, a global information analytics business specialising in science and health, and Wageningen University & Research (WUR) have announced a collaboration using Elsevier’s analytical capabilities to detect the unethical addition of citations to scientific research papers. This first large-scale analysis of citation manipulation in journals is being presented at the 17th International Conference on Scientometrics & Informetrics (ISSI) in Rome, Italy.

Occasionally, adding citations to scientific articles during the peer-review process can contribute to improving the quality and integrity of research. For instance, suggestions of additional citations by editors and reviewers may help authors avoid accusations of plagiarism, or give their paper more context. However, sometimes editors, reviewers or authors also add irrelevant citations, with the goal of increasing citations to certain researchers (“citation pushing”) or to certain journals (“citation stacking”). Avoiding citation pushing is an acknowledged principle of good scientific research and has become part of scientific integrity guidelines, including the new Netherlands Code of Conduct for Research Integrity.

Together, WUR and Elsevier have developed innovative analytical methods for detecting and preventing this form of scientific misconduct. The collaboration plays an important role in taking a quality-over-quantity approach to research output evaluation.

Reviewer manipulation of citations is rare, according to the results of the analysis of a total pool of 500,000 reviewers and their citations in Scopus.

By analyzing 500,000 reviewers and their citations in Scopus, a distribution of normal citation patterns was determined. More than 270,000 reviewers were never cited in any of the papers they reviewed for Elsevier. In a subsequent more detailed screening of the 69,000 most prolific researchers that reviewed at least five publications with an Elsevier journal, 0.8 percent of reviewers were associated with suspicious citation patterns based on ≥50 percent citations to their papers having been added to submissions that they reviewed. It must be emphasised that these numbers do not always equal unethical behaviour, in some cases there are good reasons for these added citations. For all reviewers with very suspicious citation activity, Elsevier is sharing the information with editors who have the expertise needed to assess the reviewer reports in detail. If editors find that reviewer citations are superfluous in several cases, the evidence is then shared with both the reviewer and their institute. This includes the number of citation additions suggested per article by a reviewer. Unless there is a very good explanation, they are no longer sent papers to review or welcome to sit on Elsevier journal editorial boards.

Now that Elsevier can detect citation manipulation in published papers, the next step is to prevent it earlier and before publication. Before reviewing submissions, reviewers of scientific research are now reminded that all citations that they request of authors must be genuinely relevant and manipulation is unacceptable. Using recommended methods from WUR, investigations are also underway to automatically detect and flag suspicious reviews to editors during the peer review process.

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German Frank Vrancken Peeters succeeds Daniel Ropers as Chief Executive Officer of Springer Nature Group - 06 Sep 2019

Springer Nature Group has announced that Frank Vrancken Peeters, currently Chief Commercial Officer, is to become the group’s Chief Executive Officer (CEO) with immediate effect. Daniel Ropers is to leave the company, as per his agreement with the Board, having ensured a smooth transition with his Springer Nature colleague.

Frank Vrancken Peeters joined Springer Nature in September 2017 as a member of the Management Board in a newly created Chief Commercial Officer role. He has spent more than twenty years in general management, innovation, product management and sales roles across the academic, educational and professional publishing sectors. This followed a successful career in management consulting.

At Springer Nature, Frank was a key contributor to the strategic view on open access migration and took, and will continue to take, a leading role in the Projekt Deal negotiations in Germany. With his sales leadership team, he put processes in place to improve customer experience around the world. Having contributed significantly to the future-looking strategy for Springer Nature he will now lead its implementation across the group.

Daniel Ropers joined Springer Nature in October 2017 serving as Chief Executive Officer. Under his leadership the company has performed strongly, developed the group strategy and implementation plan for the coming years, and recently reached a ground-breaking understanding with Projekt Deal in Germany which sets the scene for the world’s most comprehensive open access agreement, to be ratified later this year.

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US Wolters Kluwer and IPSF collaborate to empower next generation of pharmacists with advanced drug information resources - 06 Sep 2019

Wolters Kluwer, Health is collaborating with the International Pharmaceutical Students’ Federation (IPSF) to support young pharmacists with learning tools from the globally respected drug information resource Lexicomp®.

Based in The Hague, Netherlands, IPSF is the world’s leading advocacy organisation for pharmacy and pharmaceutical science students and recent graduates. Together with Wolters Kluwer, IPSF will extend special member benefits on Lexicomp’s leading drug information resources to about 350,000 IPSF members in over 90 countries.

For study or in clinical settings, pharmacy students can use Lexicomp to find answers to their medication-related questions quickly, using the Lexicomp mobile app with continuously-updated drug dosing and interaction information as well as popular textbooks like the Drug Information Handbook.

The collaboration with IPSF is the first student pharmacy partnership to be established through the Lexicomp Global Partner Program.

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US ORCID's funder working group publishes its recommendations - 06 Sep 2019

ORCID's Funder Working Group, part of the ORBIT (ORCID Reducing Burden and Improving Transparency) initiative, has published three reports summarising their work to date. The reports cover ORCID and grant DOIs and the use of ORCID in grant applications and grant reporting processes.

Collectively, they summarise how and why to use ORCID and other persistent identifiers at all stages of the funding cycle - from grant application to publication - including: enabling automated sharing of information about researchers and their grants between systems and organisations; reducing the reporting process burden on researchers and funders by using information from ORCID records to fill forms and to track research contributions; and improving data quality by adding information about funding to ORCID records.

All the reports and supporting materials are freely available under a CC0 license.

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Israel Ex Libris integrates Altmetric badges into the Esploro research services solution - 06 Sep 2019

Ex Libris®, a ProQuest company, and Altmetric have announced the integration of Altmetric badges with the Esploro research services solution.

The Altmetric badges, which offer an at-a-glance summary of online engagement with each publication, will be added to research publication pages in Esploro, providing users with additional insight into the attention that each piece of research receives immediately following its publication.

The badges are a valuable addition to the measurement of research dissemination and influence available through the Esploro research services solution.

Scholarly institutions today aim to understand the impact that their research has on society. The integration of Altmetric badges will help provide customers with a broader view of this wider engagement, beyond traditional citation metrics.

Esploro enables universities to capture, manage, and expose their faculty’s output and data through a single platform, leveraging library expertise and technology. The solution provides users with intelligent data capture, automated population of metadata, and an easy way to showcase researcher profiles. The integration of Altmetric badges in Esploro will help researchers, institutions, and the public assess the broader engagement surrounding scholarly work directly within the institution’s researcher portal pages.

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German De Gruyter appoints Lyndsey Dixon as Global Journals Director - 06 Sep 2019

Academic publisher De Gruyter has hired Lyndsey Dixon as Global Journals Director to expand and strengthen its journals portfolio, including open access journals.

Dixon joins De Gruyter from Taylor & Francis, where she spent the last ten years of her career and where she was most recently Editorial Director APAC Journals. Prior to Taylor & Francis, Dixon spent three years in Editorial at Elsevier. She will continue to be based in Hong Kong and will, in addition to her overall responsibility for all of De Gruyter’s journals, also play a key role in developing the company’s journal and business partnership prospects in APAC, particularly in China, Japan and Southeast Asia.

Dixon will report to Tom Clark, Vice President Global Publishing at De Gruyter.

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