US President George Bush has signed into law the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2007. The Act includes a provision directing the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to provide the public with open online access to findings from its funded research. This is the first time the US government has mandated public access to research funded by a major agency.
The provision directs the NIH to change its existing Public Access Policy, implemented as a voluntary measure in 2005, so that participation is mandatory for agency-funded investigators. Researchers will now be required to deposit electronic copies of their peer-reviewed manuscripts into the National Library of Medicine's online archive, PubMed Central. Full texts of the articles will be publicly available and searchable online in PubMed Central no later than 12 months after publication in a journal.
This policy is expected to directly improve the sharing of scientific findings, the pace of medical advances and the rate of return on benefits to the taxpayer.
The American College of Physicians (ACP) recently announced a partnership with DocSite, a leading provider of patient registries and point-of-care decision support to the healthcare market. Under the deal, ACP will integrate its Physicians' Information and Education Resource (PIER) content into DocSite patient registry applications and point-of-care decision support systems. The combined offering will allow physicians to review evidence-based medical content and guidelines within their normal clinical workflow.
Rapid access to the latest evidence-based guidance while in the treatment room with patients, using PIER and DocSite's patient registries, is projected to enhance decision support for physicians and help improve patient education and compliance.
ACP's PIER provides organised, reviewed, accessible evidence-based guidance on the diagnosis and treatment of disease as well as links to clinical articles and patient information. PIER guidance statements are developed by physician experts based on a rigorous review of current medical evidence. All content is then thoroughly peer-reviewed by physicians. To date, the PIER content development process has involved more than 500 physician writers and reviewers, and contains over 470 disease modules.
Academic and scientific publisher Medknow Publications, India, has announced the 2008 launch of Annals of Pediatric Cardiology, a peer-reviewed open access publication of the Pediatric Cardiology Society of India. To be published semiannually, the journal will be available online at www.pediatriccardio.org. Articles can be submitted from www.journalonweb.com/apc. Authors will not be required to pay for submission, processing or publication of articles.
Medknow Publications is claimed to be the largest publisher in India for academic and scientific biomedical journals. With over 40 print and online journals, the publishing house pioneers in 'fee-less-free' model of open access publishing. It provides immediate free access to the electronic editions of the journals without charging the author or author's institution for submission, processing or publication of the articles.
Most of the journals published by Medknow are archived at multiple places including OAI-compliant e-print repositories and sites such as Bioline International. This ensures the long term archiving and accessibility of the published content.
Gale, part of Cengage Learning, US, recently announced the release of The Gale Encyclopedia of Mental Health, Second Edition. The new edition is an update to the critically acclaimed Gale Encyclopedia of Mental Disorders and provides two volumes of understandable, yet detailed information on mental disorders and conditions.
The latest edition re-examines the previously published work, updating and adding overviews of new topics such as premenstrual syndrome, bullying and road rage. All aspects of mental health have been covered, from various clinical diagnoses and related treatments to effective ways for dealing with life's common challenges.
Featuring an easy-to-use format and written in non-technical language, the Encyclopedia includes entries for all 150 disorders classified in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, text revision (DSM-IV-TR). This edition also features entries for prescription, alternative and over-the-counter drugs, as well as the various therapies used to treat mental disorders.
American medical journal New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) will now offer free access to original research articles (Original Articles and Special Articles), six-months after publication, with no registration required. The Journal will continue to make articles of immediate public health importance available free to all visitors upon publication. However, subscription will be required to access other content in the Journal.
Though the journal has been providing free access to original research articles, six-months after publication, it required individual registration on the NEJM website until recently. The NEJM website hosts full-text articles from 1993 to present.
The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) is a weekly general medical journal that publishes new medical research findings, review articles, and editorials on a range of topics of importance to biomedical science and clinical practice. Material is published with an emphasis on internal medicine and specialty areas including allergy/immunology, cardiology, endocrinology, gastroenterology, hematology, kidney disease, oncology, pulmonary disease, rheumatology, HIV, and infectious diseases.
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