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NEWS ARCHIVES ACROSS THEMES  
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SAGE Publishing to publish the Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation
- 21 May 2019

Academic publisher SAGE Publishing has partnered with the Hong Kong Orthopaedic Association (HKOA) and Hong Kong College of Orthopaedic Surgeons (HKCOS) to publish the Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation (JOTR).

The open access (OA) journal will be published twice a year by SAGE, with each issue featuring articles that focus on the journal's areas of study and subjects related to orthopaedics. The journal will also feature special issues, focusing in-depth on one area of the field.

Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation is a peer-reviewed open access journal which focusses on orthopaedics, trauma, orthopaedic rehabilitation and related knowledge from all countries. This journal is published on behalf of the Hong Kong Orthopaedic Association (HKOA) and the Hong Kong College of Orthopaedic Surgeons (HKCOS). This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

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ARL comments on RA21 proposal for access to licensed information resources
- 21 May 2019

On April 17, 2019, the National Information Standards Organization (NISO) issued a call for public comments on a draft recommended practice for improving access to institutionally provided information resources. The draft is based on findings from the RA21: Resource Access for the 21st Century initiative and provides recommendations for using federated identity as an access model and for improving the federated authentication user experience. The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) has offered its comments on the proposal, based on input from member representatives and broader engagement within the community.

The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) is a non-profit collective of 124 leading research institutions in Canada and the United States.

While the Association appreciates the RA21 Steering Committee's work on this topic, it is of the opinion that the bulk of the draft document focuses on user interface design, with far less attention paid to other critical interests of research libraries and their users, such as privacy, accessibility, and real-world control over data flows. As a result, the current recommendations lack many of the important details needed to fully understand how this vision would be implemented, and whether it properly serves the interests of all stakeholders. It is felt that a more balanced representation on the steering committee could help resolve some of these concerns.

ARL understands that the RA21 initiative arose out of an effort by the International Association of STM Publishers (STM) to address issues of piracy and user experience, and initially focused on authentication challenges "in the corporate space." The needs of academic, federal and public libraries vary greatly from those of corporate customers. Given ARL's review of the recommendations, it believes that there are significant mismatches between the focus of its recommendations and the priorities and perspectives of research libraries.

ARL supports many of the comments provided by other members of the academic library community.

As noted above, representation on RA21's governing committees is far from balanced. For the draft recommendations to be useful to the research library community, further convening beyond the existing committees are required, along with a re-evaluation of the steering committee's composition.

The draft does not include sufficient information to evaluate the probable real-world effects on user privacy and data management. ARL understands that, in theory, federated authentication as proposed by RA21 could be used without any additional data collection by service providers. In practice, however, the recommendations plainly anticipate a wide range of user-specific data collection and tracking, without resolving many important details. ARL believes that further deliberation on these concerns is necessary for the recommendations to be implemented successfully.

Research libraries serve both institution-based users and members of the public. Public access is integral to the mission of land-grant institutions, and a majority of ARL libraries are also Federal Depository Libraries, which must provide public access to that collection and related online information resources, often including proprietary resources. Research library licensing agreements with vendors and publishers provide for onsite public access. It will be important for any authentication system to ensure public access, as many research libraries are required by law to provide it.

Further, ARL feels that the draft recommendation does not meet the latest accessibility standards. The most current accepted standard is WCAG 2.1 AA, not WCAG 2.0 AA. The former should be incorporated into any recommendations going forward. In addition, research libraries may be required to remediate otherwise-inaccessible information resources for individual users. If the vendor or publisher provides access directly, via RA21's proposed authentication, it may exclude the library and its capabilities, imposing practical difficulties and/or significant delays on remediation, or even leaving the user with no recourse at all.

How will research libraries audit implementations and uses of federated authentication to ensure that vendors and publishers are meeting contractual requirements, including data management obligations? It is important that the recommended practices provide concrete mechanisms for service provider accountability, notes ARL.

Research libraries require electronic resource usage statistics, which are critically important in their budgeting and other management decisions. Currently, library proxy servers generate this aggregate data, which is protected by library and university data policies, without depending on publishers and vendors to provide it. As currently drafted, RA21 is ultimately intended to replace library-controlled IP authentication systems, yet it provides no equivalent for library-controlled usage data. Instead, it seems likely to force research libraries into a greater dependence on service providers, who could often have significant incentives to withhold or manipulate the relevant data-for example, to gain an informational advantage in pricing negotiations. This will be important to address going forward.

In summary, ARL believes that more work on this vision and implementation is required, as is consultation with the research library community. As drafted, these recommendations present a new system of access to research resources that envisions a limited role for research libraries with little, if any, interaction with their clientele. An adjustment in the scope and scale of these recommendations could alleviate some concerns. Further, ARL notes that the recommendations would be more productive and better received by research libraries if they were limited to the technical details of how to improve Shibboleth. If they did not aspire to a systemic redesign of access management, and a wholesale replacement of IP-based authentication, they would probably not trigger as wide a range of concerns and complexities.

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Knowledge Unlatched and partners launch Open Research Library to unite all OA book content under one search
- 16 May 2019

The Open Access initiative Knowledge Unlatched has launched the Open Research Library together with several international partners. It aims to unite all Open Access (OA) book content over the coming months. To this end the Open Research Library is working with publishers and libraries worldwide and is open to all providers and users of quality-assured research content.

Around 15,000 to 20,000 books have been published Open Access worldwide to date, freely available to users all over the world, and about 4,000 more are added every year. Currently these titles are offered for use by scientists on numerous different publishing and distribution websites. The new initiative aims to combine all available book content under one search and hosting interface and to ensure that the provision of corresponding catalogue data is made available to library systems. The hosting of all book content is free of charge. In order to finance the ongoing technical costs Knowledge Unlatched will initiate a partner project to secure the necessary funding.

In addition to Knowledge Unlatched, the following infrastructure partners are contributing different services: BiblioLabs (hosting, app&technology), the North American consortium LYRASIS, OCLC (MARC records and indexing in WorldCat), EBSCO (indexing in EBSCO Discovery Service), ProQuest (indexing in the Ex Libris Primo and Summon library discovery services), the Internet Archive, Google (indexing in Google Scholar), Digital Public Library of America and numerous publishers.

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AMA announces new educational portal, helps physicians find, track and report CME
- 15 May 2019

American Medical Association (AMA) has announced an innovative educational portal - the AMA Ed Hub - that gives doctors and other health professionals a streamlined way to earn, track and report continuing medical education activities spanning clinical, practice-transformation and professionalism topics.

The AMA Ed Hub features CME activities from sources such as JAMA Network's JN Learning and the STEPS Forward collection of practice-transformation modules and gives one centralised platform to stay updated on medical practice while cutting the hassles that frequently accompany CME reporting.

The AMA Ed Hub-accessible by computer, tablet or smartphone-also features activities from the American College of Radiology (ACR), which is the first medical specialty society content partner to offer education on the platform. Non members of AMA or ACR can still access a selection of ACR CME content at no charge on the AMA Ed Hub.

Doctors and other health professionals can find, take and claim credit for ACR activities on AMA Ed Hub and download a branded ACR CME certificate upon completion.

Every completed activity will be tracked and show up in the AMA Ed Hub transcript. The platform also has the capability to automatically report CME credits earned to select medical licensing boards. Right now that includes the American Board of Internal Medicine, American Board of Pediatrics, the Tennessee Board of Medical Examiners and the North Carolina Medical Board. The AMA will expand automatic credit reporting capabilities to additional specialty and state boards.

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CARL releases updated Canadian Author Addendum and New Author Rights Guide
- 15 May 2019

CARL has announced the release of three resources supporting awareness of authors' rights and ways to retain key rights during the publication process.

The revised Canadian Author Addendum to Publication Agreement is a tool that can be used by authors to negotiate with publishers for the right to retain important rights, such as the ability to share and reuse their work - including the ability to make their work available to all via an open access repository. The accompanying CARL Guide to Using the Canadian Author Addendum provides practical straightforward guidance on how to use the addendum.

The CARL Guide to Author Rights seeks to situate use of the addendum within the broader context of copyright and ownership of scholarly works, including how rights retention can be taken into consideration at each stage of the publication lifecycle. This guide may assist both authors and librarians in knowing when and how to use the addendum as well as informing a broader understanding of author rights as they pertain to the creation and dissemination of academic research.

Based on feedback from member institutions and a recognition that authors increasingly need to retain more of their rights when publishing in order to comply with funder open access policies such as the Tri-Agency Open Access Policy on Publications, and to ensure the widest distribution of their works, CARL undertook a detailed analysis and revision of the Canadian Author Addendum (originally adapted in 2007 from the SPARC Author Addendum to Publisher Agreement). The aim was to ensure it reflected the current Canadian copyright context.

The revised addendum includes two notable changes: inclusion of a clause acknowledging prior non-exclusive license grants to authors' institutions or funders through open access policies (this clause has been part of the SPARC Author Addendum for several years), and expansion of the addendum in order for it to be used in both article and book chapter publishing agreement negotiations.

This guide is the results of the efforts of the Author Addendum and Author Rights Task Group: Lise Brin (CARL), Rosarie Coughlan (Queen's University), Roger Gillis (Dalhousie University), Stephanie Savage (University of British Columbia), and Jennifer Zerkee (Simon Fraser University), under the guidance of CARL's Advancing Research Committee.

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