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NEWS ARCHIVES ACROSS THEMES  
  News archives across months
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  News articles recently covered under
Regulations, guidelines and other institutional frameworks
 


New ASTM International Standard supports asset-management career development
- 13 Aug 2019

ASTM International's asset management committee (E53) has approved a new standard with guiding principles for creating an asset management career development program (soon to be published as E3140). According to committee members, the standard outlines the education, training, and experience needed to support the mission and objectives of an entity's asset-management operations.

According to Kim Doner, a committee member and technical lead for the new standard who is senior manager at Grant Leading Technology, LLC, this new standard could go a long way in helping professionals grow in knowledge and competency while also increasing the quality and reliability of the work they do.

The standard could encourage broader and higher-level thinking by practitioners, reinforce the use of innovative and cost-effective practices, create greater commonality between government and industry practice, and increase the ability of entities to respond to changing needs and business conditions.

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Cochrane-WHO collaboration on qualitative evidence syntheses in guidelines showcased in new articles
- 12 Aug 2019

A series of papers highlighting innovative work carried out by the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group and the World Health Organization on using reviews of qualitative research in guideline development processes has been published in Health Research Policy and Systems.

Cochrane is a non-governmental organisation in official relations with WHO. The Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC) Group, as well as other Cochrane contributors, has a long-standing relationship with WHO and works closely with them on guideline development. This fruitful collaboration had led to several innovations, such as the inclusion of qualitative evidence syntheses in WHO guideline processes and the development of GRADE-CERQual, an approach to assess the confidence of evidence from reviews of qualitative research.

EPOC produced Cochrane's first qualitative evidence synthesis review, Barriers and facilitators to the implementation of lay health worker programmes to improve access to maternal and child health, in 2013. This review was used in a WHO guideline on health worker task shifting, providing the panel with important information about the acceptability and feasibility of lay health worker programmes and complementing another review that focused on the effectiveness of these programmes.

Since then, WHO and Cochrane EPOC have continued to collaborate. Several WHO guidelines now include evidence from Cochrane qualitative evidence syntheses, and Cochrane EPOC is working closely with WHO to improve methods for this approach.

Now, a series of papers detailing this work has been published in Health Research Policy and Systems. The articles were commissioned by WHO in response to requests for direction on how to use qualitative evidence syntheses in guidelines and were authored by a team from WHO, Cochrane staff at the Norwegian Public Health Institute and the University of Central Lancashire.

Evidence-based guidelines, such as those produced by WHO, have traditionally focused on quantitative evidence from reviews of effectiveness. However, guideline panels also discuss issues such as the cost, acceptability and feasibility of an intervention and its potential implications for equity - though this has often been done in an unsystematic way. Reviews of qualitative research can help look at these more systematically.

The three new articles, each led by a different Cochrane EPOC editor, highlight different ways that using qualitative evidence synthesis can benefit guideline development.

The series showcases several Cochrane qualitative evidence syntheses and offers practical advice to others who want to include this type of evidence in guidelines, providing examples of what was done well, and the lessons learnt. The authors also highlight knowledge gaps for further research and practice.

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IOP Publishing initiates open data trial
- 01 Jul 2019

IOP Publishing is trialing a new data policy on three of its journals to encourage and support authors to make the data underpinning their article more accessible.

The trial will begin in July on the journals Environmental Research Letters, Journal of Physics: Complexity, and Machine Learning: Science and Technology, and will be extended to five additional IOP Publishing journals after three months.

The policy requires authors to include a data availability statement with their article, indicating whether data is accessible and, if so, where can it be found and under what licensing terms. The policy also strongly encourages authors to share their data.

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SAE International brings together public and private partners to address mobility data-sharing principles
- 22 May 2019

SAE International®, a global mobility standards developer, has announced plans to form a consortium to develop a framework of best practices to support effective and secure mobility data sharing.

This new consortium will fill a critical need by providing a collaborative model that can evolve and augment existing data-sharing frameworks. It will develop standardized data definitions and metrics as well as best practices to ensure appropriate safeguards of highly sensitive geolocation and personal data of users shared between shared mobility operators and cities. At present, this consortium will focus on micromobility. Initial partners of this forum include Miami-Dade County, JUMP, Spin and Populus and other stakeholders.

SAE International will leverage the expertise and experience of its affiliate organisation, SAE Industry Technologies Consortia (SAE ITC®), to convene the members of this consortium. SAE ITC has vast experience in the formation of cross-sector consortia, bringing together public agencies and industry to establish frameworks that address opportunities and challenges across the transportation landscape, including for aviation, automated vehicles, and now shared mobility.

The consortium plans to collaborate with other leading bodies developing standards and best practices for shared mobility to harmonize with their related activities. SAE and its initial partners anticipate that other public agencies, shared mobility operators, and data platforms will join to help define and refine the framework of principles, recommended practices and other organised activities.

SAE Industry Technologies Consortia (SAE ITC®) is a 501(c)(6) affiliate of SAE International®, and its membership is comprised of public and private organisations collaborating in a neutral forum to drive innovative solutions to key industry challenges.

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Springer Nature updates policy to encourage preprint sharing for its journals
- 20 May 2019

For more than two decades, Nature and its sister journals have supported pre-publication sharing of manuscripts on preprint servers. Nature's first editorial on this goes back to 1997 - although, back then, the practice was common only among physicists. By making early research findings accessible quickly and easily, preprints allow researchers to claim priority of discovery, receive community input and demonstrate evidence of progress for funders and others.

Recognising these benefits, Springer Nature has announced an updated policy encouraging preprint sharing for Springer Nature journals. This intends to remove ambiguity on two important points. First, they make it clear that authors may choose any licence for preprints, including Creative Commons licences. Licensing choice will not impede consideration at a Springer Nature journal, but authors should bear in mind that it could affect sharing, adaptation and reuse of the preprint itself.

Second, the updated policy provides more information about the position on author engagement with the media in response to enquiries about preprints. Authors are free to provide clarification and context, and this will not affect editorial consideration. However, in the interests of transparency, they advise researchers to emphasise in their communications that the study has not been peer reviewed and that the findings could change. They also recommend that reporters who cover such work indicate that the study is a preprint and has not been peer reviewed, a practice that they strive to follow in these pages. Finally, they stand by their policy supporting citation of preprints in reference lists of submitted and published manuscripts.

All Springer Nature journals will adopt a unified policy that encourages preprint sharing and provides further details on preprint licensing, citation and communications with the media. Preprint sharing will continue to synergise with journal-mediated peer review and curation, and will experiment with new ways of working with preprints.

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