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NEWS ARCHIVES ACROSS THEMES  
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Regulations, guidelines and other institutional frameworks
 


Springer Nature updates policy to encourage preprint sharing for its journals
- 20 May 2019

For more than two decades, Nature and its sister journals have supported pre-publication sharing of manuscripts on preprint servers. Nature's first editorial on this goes back to 1997 - although, back then, the practice was common only among physicists. By making early research findings accessible quickly and easily, preprints allow researchers to claim priority of discovery, receive community input and demonstrate evidence of progress for funders and others.

Recognising these benefits, Springer Nature has announced an updated policy encouraging preprint sharing for Springer Nature journals. This intends to remove ambiguity on two important points. First, they make it clear that authors may choose any licence for preprints, including Creative Commons licences. Licensing choice will not impede consideration at a Springer Nature journal, but authors should bear in mind that it could affect sharing, adaptation and reuse of the preprint itself.

Second, the updated policy provides more information about the position on author engagement with the media in response to enquiries about preprints. Authors are free to provide clarification and context, and this will not affect editorial consideration. However, in the interests of transparency, they advise researchers to emphasise in their communications that the study has not been peer reviewed and that the findings could change. They also recommend that reporters who cover such work indicate that the study is a preprint and has not been peer reviewed, a practice that they strive to follow in these pages. Finally, they stand by their policy supporting citation of preprints in reference lists of submitted and published manuscripts.

All Springer Nature journals will adopt a unified policy that encourages preprint sharing and provides further details on preprint licensing, citation and communications with the media. Preprint sharing will continue to synergise with journal-mediated peer review and curation, and will experiment with new ways of working with preprints.

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First 2019 issue of Research Library Issues explores privacy from a legal, digital, and applied perspective
- 07 May 2019

The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) has announced the release of the first issue of Research Library Issues (RLI) in 2019. The issue of RLI 2019 looks at privacy from a legal, digital, and applied perspective, with a focus on the implications and opportunities for research libraries.

The current privacy landscape highlights the need for a nuanced understanding of the complicated nature of privacy. Research libraries need to collaborate with other privacy-related constituents within institutions and in the public policy and legislative arenas and act as trusted institutions within a democratic society.

This issue is aimed at helping readers identify institutional privacy policies and practices to investigate and adopt amid changes in the interfaces between users and information and within the broader context of the US and international policy landscape.

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New OA policy at Penn State to expand reach of University research
- 03 May 2019

A new open access policy at Penn State, recently endorsed by the University Faculty Senate, will greatly increase public availability of original, peer-reviewed Penn State scholarly research in support of the University's land-grant mission.

Under the policy - expected to be implemented by Penn State President Eric Barron in the fall 2019 semester - Penn State researchers will remain free to submit their work to scholarly journals of their choice. The policy also will not transfer copyright ownership of scholarly works to Penn State. In addition, a waiver option in the policy guarantees that researchers are able to opt out of open access for each one of their publications on an individual-article basis; these waivers would be automatically approved.

Progress toward the new policy began in earnest in April 2015, when the Faculty Senate passed an open access resolution. In 2017, Provost Nick Jones and Dean of University Libraries and Scholarly Communications Barbara I. Dewey charged a Penn State Open Access Task Force to 'investigate and recommend opportunities to promote open and free access to Penn State scholarly output to maximise impact and availability of research and establish Penn State as a leader in the international Open Access movement.' The charge included drafting an open access policy for the University and recommending steps to implement the policy.

The task force also was charged to recommend a 'suite of strategies to advance the Open at Penn State Initiative,' which has been implemented. Open at Penn State, found at open.psu.edu, supports University researchers in addressing and advancing affordable, discoverable and equitable access to information, scholarly research, educational resources and research data within the University community.

Provided by the University Libraries in collaboration with University and consortial partners, Open at Penn State includes Open Access, Open Publishing, Open Educational Resources, Open Source and Penn State University Press Unlocked, the Press' open access initiative. Details about each of these initiatives are available on the Open at Penn State website.

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Association of American Publishers supports Copyright Alternative in Small-Claims Enforcement Act
- 02 May 2019

The Association of American Publishers (AAP) applauds Representatives Jeffries and Collins and Senators Tillis, Durbin, Kennedy, and Hirono for introducing the bipartisan Copyright Alternative in Small-Claims Enforcement Act, along with original co-sponsors Representatives Nadler, Johnson, Roby, Chu, Cline, Lieu, and Fitzpatrick.

AAP has long advocated for a modern and effective copyright system that works for all stakeholders in the creative economy, providing meaningful rights and real-world remedies for creators large and small. By creating a balanced, voluntary framework for resolving small claims copyright disputes, the CASE Act takes an important step in this regard, acknowledging and protecting the investments and creative contributions of countless copyright owners who cannot afford access to federal court. Publishers hope that the House and Senate Judiciary Committees will swiftly take up this important legislation.

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Springer Nature calls for cOAlition S policy to be evidence-based and focus on stimulating 'demand' and 'supply'
- 12 Feb 2019

Springer Nature is strongly supportive of Plan S's goal to accelerate the adoption of Open Access (OA). The global OA publisher has called on cOAlition S participants to put evidencing and promoting the benefits of OA at the heart of their strategy as one of six recommendations it believes funding bodies worldwide need to adopt in order for full open access to become a reality.

Research undertaken by Springer Nature shows that while there are proven benefits in publishing OA, including increased citations, increased downloads and wider impact, authors are still not routinely choosing to publish OA for often valid reasons. Springer Nature has demonstrated that when innovative transformative deals are in place, a wide range of journals available from which authors can choose and the benefits of OA strongly promoted, then accelerated OA transition is not only possible but very successful. In the four most mature countries which have Read and Publish deals with Springer Nature, OA penetration rates have reached 73-90% in only three years.

As one of the world's largest OA publishers, and with knowledge gained from being a first mover in this field, Springer Nature is very aware of the challenges that need to be overcome on the demand and supply side - namely the lack of global cooperation on funder policies, academic disciplines lacking OA resources, funding flows in flux, and crucially an author community that does not yet view publishing OA as a priority. Therefore, Springer Nature is calling on cOAlition S funders to commit to undertake research to demonstrate the benefits of OA and the promotion of it to increase author and other funder take up; commit to make transformative deals, such as Publish and Read deals, a key part of Plan S given their proven ability to drive growth in OA and within these deals and to remove its requirement for publishers to commit to 'flip' hybrid journals to OA in the near future; rethink more broadly its opposition to hybrid journals at a time when many academic disciplines and many geographic regions are not yet fully supportive of Gold OA; remove the requirement to provide APC waivers for middle income countries such as China which is the largest publisher of academic research in the world and the second largest investor in R&D; recognise that highly selective journals and those with significant levels of non-primary research content need to be treated differently; and support platforms providing early access to primary research.

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