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NEWS ARCHIVES ACROSS THEMES  
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EBSCO Information Services releases Serials Price Projection Report for 2019
- 21 Sep 2018

EBSCO Information Services (EBSCO) has released the 2019 Serials Price Projection Report. The report projects that the overall effective publisher price increases for academic and academic medical libraries are expected to be in the range of five to six percent (before currency impact). EBSCO releases the Serials Price Projection Report based on surveys of a wide range of publishers and reviews historical serials pricing data to assist information professionals as they make budgeting decisions for the renewals season.

The Serials Price Projection Report looks at market dynamics highlighting many topics that impact the scholarly information marketplace, including library budget challenges, government mandates, political climates, collection assessment and evaluation tools, Open Access (OA), publisher consolidation, publisher business models, increased publisher competition for content and organised piracy.

The 2019 serials marketplace continues to see steady, annual publisher price increases, with no indicators this will change. Library budget growth remains a top concern, generally lagging behind annual inflation in journal pricing in spite of the annual price increase caps applied to many e-journal packages.

According to key economic indicators, the US economy is doing well with steady growth, low unemployment and little inflation. Though overall budgets in the US academic library market show modest improvements, the budget for serials materials generally have not kept pace with annual journal price inflation. Outside the US, instances of continued library budget contraction continue.

Although the serial price forecasts are based upon careful analysis, EBSCO recommends caution when using these projections, as they rely on historical trends and current estimates. EBSCO will update the projection information if economic conditions warrant it.

The 2019 Serials Price Projection Report in its entirety and the Five-Year Journal Price Increase History is available at https://journals.ebsco.com/products-services/explore-content.

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China is consolidating position as scientific powerhouse, reveals Nature Index 2018 Rising Stars supplement
- 20 Sep 2018

The Nature Index 2018 Rising Stars supplement reveals that Chinese institutions are leading the world in rapidly increasing high-quality research outputs. 51 of the top 100 most improved institutions across the globe are from this scientific powerhouse, with 28 of those showing growth above 50 percent since 2015. The US is second, with 20 institutions in the top 100 despite many starting from a high base. Four institutions feature from Germany, and only two are from the UK.

The supplement identifies the countries and institutions showing the most significant growth in high-quality research output using the power of the Nature Index, which tracks the research of more than 8,000 global institutions. The top 100 most improved institutions in the index between 2015 and 2017 are ranked by the increase in their contribution to 82 high-quality journals.

The dominance of Chinese research is even more apparent when looking at the top 10 most improved institutions. The top 10 is occupied by nine Chinese institutions including the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (first), which has seen its output of high-quality papers increase by more than any other institution. Tsinghua University (second), Shanghai Jiao Tong University (third) and Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech) (fourth) round out the top four places. The Indian Institutes of Technology is ranked seventh and is the only non-Chinese institution in the top ten.

The supplement profiles six countries that have experienced the highest growth in contributions to the Nature Index, so-called 'Challenger states'. Sitting alongside China, whose output has grown to nearly half of the world leader the US, is Austria which has seen more growth among corporate institutions than academic institutions, and Norway whose contribution to Earth and Environmental Sciences is driving its growth. Brazil and Iran are both featured, as is the Czech Republic. While China is making waves among the traditional scientific powers, the other five nations are disrupting lower-tiered research strongholds.

A special section on young universities, those established as universities after 1988, explores their progress in the research world. China's SUSTech has quadrupled its contribution to the Nature index, making it the leading institution under 30. Other institutions profiled in this section include King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, which is the fastest-growing institution in Western Asia in this year's index and Homi Bhabha National Institute, which is the top-ranked rising Indian institute for physical sciences in the index.

Nature Index 2018 Rising Stars also profiles 11 up-and-coming researchers in the natural sciences. These scientists are highlighted based on their recent contributions to the 82 journals tracked by the Nature Index, and their standing in the League of Scholars Whole-of-Web ranking, which assesses individuals on their research quality and impact, industry links and co-authorship networks. They include researchers such as Sarah Garfinkel, a cognitive neuroscientist based at Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Jaemin Kim from Stanford University who specialises in wearable electronics, and Giorgio Vacchiano, an ecologist from the University of Milan, working on how to use forests to mitigate climate change.

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OCLC Research and CARL partner to gauge innovation trends, priorities in research libraries
- 14 Sep 2018

OCLC Research has announced that it is conducting a survey on innovation trends and priorities in research libraries, in partnership with the Canadian Association of Research Libraries (CARL). The survey is being sent to library directors at 31 institutions in Canada.

The survey aims to gain intelligence regarding trends, capacities and priorities within the research library community. This will help CARL, OCLC and the OCLC Research Library Partnership (RLP) to identify strategic opportunities and may reveal areas for possible future collaborations between the partnering organisations. This will inform future joint activities between OCLC and the research library community in Canada and scope the opportunity space for OCLC Research and the RLP.

This survey follows a similar survey that was sent to library directors at 238 institutions in the UK, the Netherlands, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Denmark, Spain, France, and Italy in 2017. OCLC Research will also survey research libraries in Australia and New Zealand, under a partnership with the Council of Australian University Librarians (CAUL).

OCLC Research will be responsible for administering and analysing the survey results and will share findings with CARL for dissemination to its members. In addition, OCLC Research will share the data gathered in this survey, so that others can make their own interpretations.

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MIT Open Access Task Force releases white paper
- 11 Sep 2018

The ad hoc task force on open access to MIT's research has released 'Open Access at MIT and Beyond: A White Paper of the MIT Ad Hoc Task Force on Open Access to MIT's Research,' which examines efforts to make research and scholarship openly and freely available. The white paper provides a backdrop to the ongoing work of the task force: identifying new, updated, or revised open access policies and practices that might advance the Institute's mission to share its knowledge with the world.

Co-chaired by Class of 1922 Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Hal Abelson and Director of Libraries Chris Bourg, the task force was convened in July 2017 by Provost Martin Schmidt, in consultation with the vice president for research, the chair of the faculty, and the director of the libraries. The group was charged with exploring actions MIT should undertake to 'further the Institute's mission of disseminating the fruits of its research and scholarship as widely as possible.'

Convening the task force was one of the 10 recommendations presented in the 2016 preliminary report of the MIT Task Force on the Future of Libraries. In addition, the task force has been charged to take up a question raised by the 2013 Report to the President on MIT and the Prosecution of Aaron Swartz, which is whether MIT should strengthen its activities in support of open access to the research and educational contributions of the MIT community. The task force is composed of a diverse and multi-disciplinary group of faculty, staff, postdocs, and graduate and undergraduate students.

Throughout the 2017-18 academic year, task force members consulted widely with domain experts across campus and beyond to develop an understanding of current local, national, and global practices, policies, and possibilities. The first part of the white paper provides an overview of current open access policies and movements in the US and Europe, examining the ways that different funding models, political structures, and priorities shape how open access is achieved. The second part explores MIT researchers' approaches to making their publications, data, code, and educational materials openly available.

The task force is in the process of developing a set of draft recommendations across a wide range of scholarly outputs, including publications, data, computer code, and educational materials, and will be gathering community feedback on those recommendations throughout the coming academic year.

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Association of Research Libraries publishes Learning Analytics, SPEC Kit 360
- 10 Sep 2018

The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) has released Learning Analytics, SPEC Kit 360, which examines current practices, policies, and ethical issues around libraries and learning analytics. This SPEC Kit explores how ARL member institutions are navigating the balance between gathering and managing data in support of learning analytics initiatives and attending to the profession's ethics commitments.

This SPEC Kit includes examples of library privacy statements and policies, institutional privacy policies, and data security policies.

SPEC Kits on the ARL Digital Publications platform are open access and freely available to all readers.

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