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Results/findings from research reports

DOAJ survey reveals global trends in OA publishing
- 09 Jan 2019

A survey of publishers with journals indexed in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) has revealed surprising trends in the way that content is published; what types of organisations are publishing the content; on how publishing standards are being accepted globally; and geographical trends on the uptake of open access.

The survey was sent out by DOAJ to its over 6000 account holders, that is to say publishers, in the Summer of 2018. Account holders were allowed one response each, regardless of how many journals they have in that account and all accounts have at least 1 journal active in DOAJ. The total number of responses returned was 1065.

Out of survey respondents, the top 5 most common types of publishing organisation in DOAJ are: University Department or Press, Non-commercial Publisher, Library publisher, Research centre and Society publisher. However, in terms of pure output, the top ten organisations in DOAJ account for just over a third of the 3.6 million articles indexed. Eight of the top ten organisations are commercial publishers.

The geographical spread between 2013 and 2018 remains relatively unchanged apart from two notable exceptions. Open access in Indonesia has become de rigueur. In 2013, DOAJ received 9 survey responses from Indonesia; in 2018 that jumped to 155, the most responses from any one country in the 2018 Survey. Conversely, responses from India fell from 101 in 2013 to just 11 in 2018. The number of Indian journals in DOAJ has fallen from 643 in 2013 to 254 in 2018. The Top 5 countries providing responses in 2018 were Indonesia, Brazil, Spain, Romania and USA; in 2013 it was Brazil, Spain, India, Romania and Italy.

While the DOI is an internationally recognised publishing technology, for some the financial and technical barrier to use of DOIs is a problem. In 2013, only 35% of respondents used DOIs; in 2018 this has jumped to 73%*. However, when publishers were asked why they did not use DOIs the 5 most common words given in responses are: implementing, cost, funding, financial, paying.

More publishers are supplying metadata to DOAJ than ever before; even more would if the process was easier and yet, for many article metadata is still a mystery. The number of respondents providing article metadata to DOAJ has increased from 55% in 2013 to 84% in 2018. When asked which format of metadata publishers would like to supply to DOAJ, 46% said they preferred CrossRef, while 8% said JATS. However, 42% of all 2018 respondents said that they didn't understand what a metadata format was.

According to the respondents, the top 3 benefits of being indexed in DOAJ in 2018 are: certification that their journal(s) are quality publications; increased readership; and increased scientific impact74% of respondents said that submissions had definitely or maybe increased since being indexed in DOAJ while over 70% thought that traffic had increased to their sites.

Predatory publishing isn't considered to be a big deal for DOAJ publishing community. 62% of respondents said that they didn't have to deal with competition from predatory publishers or journals.

On research assessment, 86% of respondents said that in their countries researchers are evaluated on where they publish rather than what they publish.

Building on these findings the DOAJ team will continue to adapt and develop its systems, in accordance with its strategy, to ensure that the DOAJ platform meets user needs, particularly those needs of the global publishing community. After all the platform consists entirely of journal and article metadata, all of which (bar one exception) is provided by the publishers themselves.

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New Clarivate Analytics and The Pistoia Alliance report outlines life science trends and priorities for 2019
- 09 Jan 2019

The Pistoia Alliance, a global, not-for-profit alliance that works to lower barriers to innovation in life sciences R&D, has announced key trends for the life science industry in 2019 based on The Life Sciences Innovation Report, developed with Clarivate Analytics, the global leader in providing trusted insights and analytics to accelerate the pace of innovation. According to the report, multi-disciplinary innovation, the implementation of new technologies, new approaches to research, the digitisation of R&D and healthcare, and academic contributions to biologics drug R&D are all key trends in the life sciences industry.

Members of The Pistoia Alliance helped to create the report, which includes analysis driven by Cortellis, a suite of intelligence solutions for drug development and commercialisation provided by Clarivate Analytics. Key contributors include executives from leading life science organisations such as Cancer Research UK, GlaxoSmithKline, AbbVie, and Diavics. The overarching theme of all emerging trends for 2019 is the continuing need for greater cross-industry collaboration to realise the potential in these areas.

According to the findings of the report, innovation is being driven via collaboration from multiple industry stakeholders. The emergence and development of new tools like nanosensors, bi-specific antibodies and computational biology have highlighted the success that can be achieved from collaboration between researchers and organisations across a range of disciplines. This trend will continue in 2019.

Technologies are being adopted to advance drug research. The report findings show budgets will continue to increase to allow for new technological advances, including the use of artificial intelligence in R&D decision making. Research from The Pistoia Alliance has already shown growth in the implementation of AI and blockchain.

Further, the report notes that new types of research are coming to the forefront. Research in precision medicine, immunotherapy and the microbiome are opening up new discovery pathways. Alongside genomic research, these new approaches will provide a more refined understanding of diseases, better diagnoses and improvements to treatment.

Digitisation of R&D and healthcare will increase, says the report. R&D functions are already beginning to adopt large-scale use of cloud-based platforms, but this will accelerate this year. Mobile computing is poised to support the digitisation of health in combination with drug therapy, as well as through stand-alone therapies.

Additionally, the report notes that academia is increasingly contributing to biologics R&D. Academia has already made significant contributions to scientific innovation across genetic and cellular therapies, with antibodies, CAR-T and CRISPR-Cas9 all leading to new approaches to potential novel biological therapies. The role of academia will become more vital as researchers look to expand on existing research.

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Global Information Services Market Report 2019 now part of ResearchAndMarkets.com offering
- 04 Jan 2019

The 'Information Services Global Market Report 2019' report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.

Global Information Services Market Report 2019 provides the strategists, marketers and senior management with the critical information they need to assess the global information services market.

The information services market consists of the sales of information services by entities (organisations, sole traders or partnerships) that provide news reports, articles, pictures, public historical documents, photographs, maps, audio material, audiovisual material, and other archival material of historical interest. These entities include news syndicates, libraries and archives.

Asia Pacific was the largest region in the global information services market, accounting for 40% of the market in 2018. Western Europe was the second largest region accounting for 24% of the global information services market. Africa was the smallest region in the global information services market.

Many cloud service providers are offering options for storing long term data on cloud. Even though many vendors want solutions to move their data from in-house servers to remote servers, customers wanted complete solutions to eliminate issues arising due to archiving. Therefore, many cloud service companies such as Google and AWS are offering holistic solutions to migrate documents, photographs, audio and video content to cloud.

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Topics related to blockchain and cryptocurrency dominate SSRN scholarly research repository
- 31 Dec 2018

SSRN, a scholarly research repository owned by scientific, technical, and medical information publishing company Elsevier, concludes that FinTech is the fastest growing area of research on its platform. Data from a recently released study by the company reveals that the most popular papers on SSRN deal with blockchain- and cryptocurrency-related topics, such as bitcoin and initial coin offerings (ICOs).

The study analyses the platform's download data between August 2016 and August 2018, as well as its search data between March 6 and August 21 of 2018. Within the two-year span, the topics 'bitcoin,' 'blockchain,' 'cryptocurrency,' and 'ICO' garnered more than half a million paper downloads. Further, FinTech-related preprints (or non-peer-reviewed, non-formatted research write-ups provided by authors) exceeded 660,000 paper downloads within the same timeframe.

Other popular research topics on SSRN have been eclipsed by blockchain within the last couple of years. For example, big data research only accounted for 160,000 paper downloads, and scholarship related to fake news lay below 50,000.

Broken down by continent, North America was the most prolific in terms of FinTech research, responsible for 43 percent of 1,468 related papers uploaded to SSRN in 2018. North America also saw the most uploads of cryptocurrency-related research during the year, contributing 50 percent of all ICO papers.

Europe trailed slightly behind, though the continent has seen considerable research into these topics as well. Asian researchers, however, accounted for 8.1 percent of blockchain-related papers uploaded to SSRN during 2018 - with only 1.2 percent of that chunk originating from China.

The MiFID II (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive 2), which took effect on January 3 of this year, is a legislative framework within the European Union to regulate financial markets and provide protections to investors. Accordingly, cryptocurrency-related financial products, such as crypto derivatives, are subject to this new set of regulations.

SSRN's recent analysis demonstrates blockchain's foothold within the realm of academia. Not only are enterprises attracted to the cryptospace - academic researchers are as well. This trend is not surprising considering the scholarly nature of blockchain development: Teams publish white papers to describe their research and proposed systems, then those teams go on to experiment with their ideas. The development pipeline, from white paper to proof of concept, is a familiar process.

The SSRN study, then, serves more as a reminder that academia is just as welcome in the cryptospace as enterprise-focused projects are. Although pleas for practical, adoption-driven use cases are understandable (and arguably necessary to promote further investment into the technology), technological development is still partly borne from scholarship - and is thus affected by the vagaries of academia. This crypto winter, let us remember that progress, especially when it relates to the upending of an entire societal structure, takes time.

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Global production of scientific papers hit an all-time high in 2018 with emerging economies rising fastest
- 27 Dec 2018

Emerging economies showed some of the largest increases in research output in 2018, according to estimates from the publishing-services company Clarivate Analytics. Egypt and Pakistan topped the list in percentage terms, with rises of 21 percent and 15.9 percent, respectively.

China's publications rose by about 15 percent, and India, Brazil, Mexico and Iran all saw their output grow by more than 8 percent compared with 2017.

Globally, research output rose by around 5 percent in 2018, to an estimated 1,620,731 papers listed in a vast science-citation database Web of Science, the highest ever.

In 1980, only 5 countries did 90 percent of all science - the US, the UK, France, Germany and Japan. Now there are 20 countries within the top producing group.

The estimates were compiled for Nature by Clarivate, which owns Web of Science, and the analysis focused on 40 countries that have at least 10,000 papers in the database. The whole-year projections are based on the number of research and review papers published between January and August, because there is a time lag between papers being published and them appearing in the database.

The figures might also reflect changes in how the database is curated, which has added more local or national journals to the mix. But some geographical regions, notably in Africa, are still under-represented.

Increases in funding and international collaborations might also have boosted the rise in publications in Egypt and Pakistan.

In China, the gains follow two decades of strong policy-driven growth in science and higher education.

It is expected that China might soon overtake the US to become the largest producer of publications - it is now only about 35,000 papers short. By some measures, China has already overtaken the US.

The quality of China's science in terms of citations is also increasing. But for this to continue, the country will need to remain open to global influences. China's censorship of Internet sources has left scientists complaining of blocked databases and limited Internet searches.

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