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NEWS ARCHIVES ACROSS THEMES  
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Results/findings from research reports
 


Frontier Economics' new report outlines integral role of academic publishing in the UK
- 13 Nov 2018

Frontier Economics has released an independent research that sets out publishing's contribution to the innovation cycle, incorporating existing research with stakeholder views. The report finds that without the highly specialised and time-intensive tasks carried out by UK academic publishers, innovation may be less effective.

It also suggests that the nature and extent of academic publishing's role in facilitating innovation is largely absent from existing research or government thinking - meaning the broader impact of the sector may be underestimated or misunderstood.

Academic journal publishing is one of the UK's strongest performers and the sector is a global leader, exporting around £1.4bn per year. The sector supports the UK's exceptionally strong science base as well as the UK's £33bn R&D sector, two thirds of which is performed by businesses and one quarter by universities.

The report finds a framework of four core stages where academic publishing contributes to research and innovation - Funding, Activity, Outputs and Innovation.

Funding - Publishing helps funders assess quality of research through peer review, metrics and bespoke tools, as well as pointing to emerging research areas.

Activity - Publishers support and improve research activity through peer review and additional contributions before, during and after publication which help maintain research quality and integrity. Publishing can also enhance collaborations, help create fields of study and affect behaviour change.

Outputs - Publishers help make research outputs more useful, ensuring they are accessible (including increasingly via Open Access) searchable, discoverable, inter-related, up-to-date and archived. They also ensure clear attribution by establishing IP and primacy, as well as signalling quality and validity.

Innovation - Publishers create and develop tools and work with industry to improve absorptive capacity. These include data platforms, collaboration management and sector-specific tools.

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CCC co-funded Resource Access for the 21st Century (RA21) Corporate Pilot Report published
- 07 Nov 2018

The International Association of Scientific, Technical, and Medical Publishers (STM) and the National Information Standards Organization (NISO) have released their RA21 Corporate Pilot Report, co-funded by Copyright Clearance Center, Inc. (CCC). The report identifies best practices for adopting a federated identity approach to streamline the user experience for access to subscribed content outside institutional internet protocol (IP) domains.

CCC, along with publishers, libraries, and other interested parties, have been working together since 2016 toward improved user access to subscribed content across a range of content platforms and devices. The corporate pilot, which began in early 2017, included a survey of Pharma Documentation Ring (P-D-R) companies and confirmed the readiness of those companies for a federated identity management system. The five P-D-R companies that participated in the corporate pilot are: AbbVie, BASF, GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), Novartis, and Roche - alongside four publisher participants - ACS, Elsevier, Springer Nature, and Wiley.

The three key goals of the corporate pilot were improved user login experience at the publisher sites, provision for granular usage statistics reporting, and the ability to easily set up and maintain Single Sign-On with multiple publishers. The RA21 corporate pilot successfully exceeded each goal. Next, the pilot will move into its post-project phase of identifying potential parties to operate any necessary centralised infrastructure to support the RA21 user experience.

Final best practice recommendations from RA21 are expected towards the end of 2018. Following that, the standard NISO process for recommended practices will be followed.

CCC will host a webinar about the RA21 Corporate Pilot results on November 15 at 10:30 EST/3:30 GMT.

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New RLUK, The National Archives and Jisc report to initiate a discussion about citation practices
- 02 Nov 2018

Research Libraries UK (RLUK), The National Archives (TNA) and Jisc have published a report to kickstart a discussion about citation practices, and how to standardise references to unique and distinct collections (UDC's) held in repositories across the UK.

Every year, tens of thousands of citations are included within the footnotes and endnotes of academic publications despite the fact that a widely agreed and coherent system of referencing UDC repositories does not currently exist. A TNA survey conducted in 2015 revealed that only a small percentage of archives proactively gave guidance to users about citation.

Creating a more consistent framework for how academics cite UDC collections will deliver two main benefits. By standardising references to collections and the materials within them, it will be easier for archivists, librarians and collection managers to gauge usage and to take informed collection management decisions. Secondly, it will provide valuable metrics for repositories to evidence impact and make the case for funding.

The report, delivered by The Research Base, looks at the challenges and opportunities related to improving the consistency and accuracy of current citation practices for UDC materials, as well as the strategies and tools required to effectively capture data for citations. It is divided into three key strands: model citation guidance; embedding best practice; and citation capture software. They recommend that focusing on these three strands will prove most effective in meeting the long-term outcomes specified in the original tender.

A workshop is being planned to discuss the recommendations and implications of the report and further details will be announced in due course.

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Nature Index unveils first global science city ranking, Beijing is the top science city globally
- 01 Nov 2018

The Nature Index 2018 Science Cities supplement, published in Nature, includes the first Nature Index global science city ranking. The ranking confirms dominance of China and the United States in research output. Beijing is the top science city globally, followed by New York, Boston, San Francisco and Baltimore.

Besides Beijing, nine other cities in China rank amongst the top 50 cities globally, as measured by the Nature Index, which tracks the authorship of articles in 82 high-quality research journals. The US accounts for 19 of the top 50 cities. Tokyo (6th) and Paris (8th) are the only cities in the global top 10 that are outside the US and China.

The supplement profiles five science cities that are leaders in their regions, namely, Cape Town, San Francisco, Munich, Wuhan and São Paulo. It explores the challenges these cities face in continuing to attract and retain academics, collaborate, and publish outstanding science. For instance, San Francisco's soaring housing costs could undermine its position as a leading region of innovation; Wuhan is under pressure from the intensified competition for research talent in China.

The supplement also shows that the top collaborating cities in the Nature Index are typically located in the same country. Beijing and New York are the only city pair in the top 25 from different countries. Beijing's major collaborating cities within China are Shanghai, Nanjing and Wuhan. Other major international cities that Beijing collaborates with in research are San Francisco and Boston.

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Clarivate Analytics and Malaysia's Ministry of Education jointly produce research and innovation landscape report
- 26 Oct 2018

Clarivate Analytics and Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia (KPM), Malaysia's Ministry of Education (MOE), have jointly produced a research and innovation landscape report that describes Malaysia's research and innovation output for the period 2013 - 2017.

Powered by Clarivate Analytics Web of Science and Derwent Innovation and supplemented by additional grant data from MyGRANTS, Jabatan Pendidikan Tinggi, (Department of Higher Education, MOE) and KPM, the report shows that research and innovation activities among Malaysian universities are dominated by the five Research Universities (RUs): Universiti Malaya, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Universiti Putra Malaysia.

Approximately 60 percent of Malaysia's research output is derived from the five RUs. Among the top research papers meeting the criteria for Clarivate Analytics Highly Cited Papers (that is, ranking among the top 1 percent most cited for their field and year of publication), a staggering 77% is produced by the RUs. Universiti Malaya stands out in terms of research performance, but it is Universiti Putra Malaysia that registered the greatest number of inventions. This shows that there is divergence in terms of basic and applied foci of various RUs.

Although it is not surprising for non-RUs to have a lower research output, size-independent metric measurements such as CNCI1 and percentage of Highly Cited Papers have shown that they are able to compete with RUs in terms of scholarly impact. Some of the dominant non-RUs featured in this report are Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, University of Nottingham Malaysia, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, and Monash University Sunway, all of which have shown strong research performance. A sizeable number of inventions were registered by International Islamic University Malaysia, Universiti Malaysia Pahang and Universiti Teknologi MARA, which indicates that non-RUs do stand out in terms of innovation.

KPM defines seven research clusters (Technology and Engineering, Social Sciences, Pure and Applied Sciences, Natural Sciences and National Heritage, Information and Communication Technology, Clinical and Health Sciences and Arts and Applied Arts). Each cluster was further analysed alongside grant data from KPM; it is noteworthy that the Clinical and Health Sciences cluster has shown above-average research and innovation productivity and impact.

Green Technology is a sub-cluster within Technology and Engineering and an important focus area for Malaysia. There is significant interest in this research area across multiple Malaysian government ministries and hence this sub-cluster was chosen for a deeper analysis in this report. Green Technology shows ~6,000 papers, which is roughly five percent of Malaysia's total output but which accounts for ~200 Highly Cited Papers, almost a third of all Highly Cited Papers produced in the same period. This research field also saw a high number of patent filings, representing 13 percent of the total 5,453 patents filed in the same period.

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