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Institute/Association/Council/Academy/ Society/Organisation > Library information resources > Business Intelligence, knowledge management systems > Industry codes and standards>
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Industry codes and standards

   
 

Techstreet announces partnerships with CRSI, EEMUA and FRPI
- 23 Oct 2017

Industry codes and standards provider Techstreet, a Clarivate Analytics business, has announced its partnerships with the Standard Developing Organizations of Concrete Reinforcing Steel Institute (CRSI), Engineering Equipment and Material Users Association (EEMUA), and Fiberglass Reinforced Products Institute (FRPI).

The publishers offer construction and safety standard documents to users that serve a wide range of industries including building and construction, oil and gas, manufacturing and processing, and more. The online availability of these standards via the Techstreet Enterprise subscription service and e-commerce web store promotes industry compliance, safety and public health by providing a central location for engineers, technicians and contractors to easily access critical information.

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ISNI Organizations Registry announces infrastructure changes, specialized system will identify organisations in scholarly communications
- 29 Aug 2017

The ISNI International Agency Ltd has announced changes to its infrastructure focused on providing open identifiers for organisations working in the field of scholarly communications. The ISNI Organizations Registry will enable organisations to change and correct their own records and allow the research community to identify author affiliations persistently and authoritatively, thereby supporting analysis of research output and impact.

ISNI is already an open party identifier, widely used in various sectors and designed to work in many contexts such as resource discovery and royalty payment attribution. The ISNI Registry contains identity records associated with named individuals (8.75 million) and organisations (654 thousand) related to the scholarly and wider media industries. The ISNI-IA will manage its database of organisation records separately. The information it contains will be published under a CC0 licence and data will be available as a download and through an API that enables both retrieval and resolution of ISNI records.

ISNI-IA will also set up an Advisory Board for the ISNI Organizations Registry to ensure that the scholarly communications community has open and transparent access to ISNI-IA and is able to steer the efforts to ensure adoption of ISNI Organization records and cross-walks between all of the important and relevant datasets.

The significant milestones leading to the launch of the ISNI Organizations Registry are: segmentation of the organisation records and respective ISNI IDs into a database with a searchable user interface; the ISNI Organization IDs and associated core metadata available to all under a CC0 licence; regular data downloads of the entire ISNI Organizations Registry; an API for retrieval of ISNI IDs and records with the ability to resolve an existing ISNI ID; an online form for organizations to supply updates to their own records; and a new Advisory Board with representatives of the scholarly communications community to guide the efforts of the ISNI Organizations Registry.

This development responds to the requirements of the academic research community for identifying organisations, as articulated in a number of working groups (initiated by Jisc CASRAI-UK, OCLC, ORCID/Crossref/DataCite, and others). ISNI-IA has been involved in much of this work and this announcement reflects the needs expressed by research organisations and ISNI's own membership – in particular for open access to core identification data and giving user groups influence over the direction and development of the system.

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Techstreet partners with Standards Developing Organizations and private label stores to expand licensed content
- 09 May 2017

Techstreet, a web solution for enterprise standards management, is living up to its accolade by providing users a total of 13 new partnerships with Standard Developing Organizations (SDOs) and private label stores.

Techstreet's expanded licensed content assists in placing them as a key player among other products in the standards aggregator marketplace, illustrating its own growth and trajectory.

As a single solution suite of integrated tools from Clarivate Analytics, and part of the Patents & Standards business, Techstreet hosts a vast collection of industry codes and standards for use by organizations in an innovative and speedy web-based platform, allowing these organisations the opportunity to evolve based on their own needs.

Techstreet's newest SDO partners include the American Concrete Association, Crane Manufacturers Association of America, Metal Building Manufacturers Association, National Association of Architectural Metal Manufacturers, Norwegian Petroleum Industry Standards (Norsok), National Research Council Canada and Steel Joist Institute.

The company's newest private label stores include the Air Movement and Control Association, Glass Association of North America, Institute of Environmental Sciences and Technology, Metal Building Manufacturers Association, Metal Powder Industries Federation and Manufacturers Standardization Society.

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New IEEE 802.19 study group focuses on automotive environment and use cases for wireless coexistence
- 25 May 2016

Technical professional organisation IEEE has established IEEE 802.19™ Wireless Coexistence Working Group, a study group on 'Wireless Automotive Coexistence.'

To address the changes in the automotive industry, this study group will concentrate on automotive environment and use cases, considering 2.4GHz and 5GHz frequency bands; interference among IEEE 802.11™ devices; interference between IEEE 802.11 and IEEE 802.15™ / Bluetooth devices; and coexistence of IEEE 802.11 and IEEE 802.15 / Bluetooth with other non-IEEE 802® wireless technologies.

This group will study the applicability of current standards to address the aforementioned issues and may suggest enhancements that could provide guidance to new standards.

The group intends to develop a project authorisation request for a new standard on wireless automotive coexistence.

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ORCID identifiers now live in Research Councils' grants system (Je-S)
- 24 May 2016

Researchers can now create or connect their ORCID identifier (ORCID iD) in the Research Councils' grants system (Je-S) by logging in to their personal information page. This is seen to be an important first step towards improving the flow of research information across the higher education sector.

ORCID offers a platform for researchers to capture their scholarly activities throughout their careers even if they change name, publish under different variations of their name, move institutions, or switch fields. This helps them get exposure and recognition for their work. Increasingly it will be a tool to link and re-use research information unambiguously across multiple systems whether that's for funders, publishers or their university.

Professor Jane Elliott, Chief Executive of the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), chairs a sector-wide group that is undertaking a project to map what datasets are available across the UK research landscape and provide ways to make them more widely available for a range of potential users.

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NISO announces formal publication of updated version of Journal Article Tag Suite 1.1
- 12 Jan 2016

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) has announced the formal publication of the updated version of JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite 1.1, ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2015. This newly official edition is a revision of ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012, also known as JATS 1.0, first published in July 2012.

The purpose of JATS is to define a suite of XML elements and attributes that describes the content of metadata and journal articles using a common format that enables the exchange of journal content. This Tag Suite thus is intended to preserve intellectual content of journals independent of the form in which the content was originally delivered, and enables an archive to capture structural and semantic components of existing material. In addition, the JATS standard includes three implementations of the suite, called Tag Sets, which are intended to provide models for archiving, publishing, and authoring journal article content.

The NISO JATS 1.1 standard is available as both an online XML document and a freely available PDF from the NISO website at http://www.niso.org/workrooms/journalmarkup. Supporting documentation and schemas in DTD, RELAX NG, and W3C Schema formats are available at http://jats.nlm.nih.gov.

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IEEE advances new standards, forges new partnership to expand interoperable ehealth communications
- 05 Nov 2015

IEEE, the world's largest professional organization dedicated to advancing technology, has announced a new standard and two new standards development projects designed to support plug-and-play, interoperable communications across eHealth devices. Also, the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Regenstrief Institute, an internationally respected, non-profit, medical research organisation. The Regenstrief Institute houses the database for the LOINC® (Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes) standard medical vocabulary for exchanging health information between facilities.

The MoU between the Regenstrief Institute and the IEEE-SA allows for collaboration among the developers of LOINC and IEEE 11073™ standards. By supporting interoperable communications among both traditional medical devices and personal health devices, IEEE 11073 standards assist in the support of patients living independently with chronic diseases like asthma, diabetes, congestive heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, high blood pressure, stroke and atrial fibrillation. The IEEE and LOINC collaboration, in partnership with U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), is intended to enhance the value proposition of IEEE 11073 nomenclature across the medical-device industry by leveraging both standardised terminology and methods of data communication.

The new eHealth standard approved by the IEEE-SA is IEEE 2410™-2015, Biometrics Open Protocol Standard. The “BOPS” standard is intended to support continuous protection of biometric data by providing identity assertion, role gathering, multi-level access control, assurance and auditing. Sponsored by the IEEE Communications Society, the standard can be used with software running on a client device (such as a smartphone), a trusted BOPS server and an intrusion-detection system (IDS).

Meanwhile, development work has launched on IEEE P2650™, Draft Standard For Enabling Mobile Device Platforms To Be Used As Pre-Screening Audiometric Systems, and IEEE P3333.2.5™, Draft Standard For Bio-CAD File Format for Medical Three-Dimensional (3D) Printing.

The purpose of IEEE P2650 is to improve the availability, accessibility and affordability of first-level screening for hearing-impaired people. Whereas screening and diagnosis of hearing impairment is typically today performed by trained audiologists and/or clinicians using specialized equipment, IEEE P2650 is being developed to enhance mobile platforms and linked portable/wearable devices. When completed, the standard is intended to establish performance, interoperability and validation requirements of the devices and software used for audiometric pre-screening.

Work on IEEE P3333.2.5 is underway to define an accurate file format system for computer-aided design (CAD) that is optimised for the unique requirements of medical 3D printing. High reliability in producing useful and cost-effective products is especially important in medical 3D printing. When completed, the standard is intended to address medical 3D printing services such as anatomic and pathologic models and medical-instrument printing.

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NISO launches new project to develop XML standard for producing standards documents
- 07 Aug 2015

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) voting members have approved a new project to standardize the ISO Standard Tag Set (ISOSTS) in line with JATS (ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012 JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite) for application by standards development organisations (SDOs) and use in the standards ecosystem. In the process of formalising ISO STS-a variant of JATS-as an ANSI/NISO standard, this new NISO initiative, NISO STS, will support input from many organisations that have begun to use it in their own publication production processes.

According to Robert Wheeler, Director, Publishing Technologies, ASME, one of the project proposers, there are currently several DTDs used for tagging standard-type information based on JATS and a number of other independently developed DTDs. This variation impedes interoperability across standards and inhibits collaboration between organisations. ISOSTS is one of these JATS derivatives, created in 2011 by ISO, the International Organization for Standardization. The DTD and documentation have been openly available and used by a number of ISO members. It will be beneficial to all standards stakeholders to have the standards community collectively contribute to this new standard based on ISOSTS.

Participation in the new NISO STS initiative is encouraged from those familiar with standards production, publishing systems and XML. Familiarity with JATS is also helpful. Individuals interested in participating on this working group should contact Nettie Lagace (nlagace@niso.org).

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Lorraine Estelle appointed new COUNTER Project Director
- 28 Apr 2015

Counting Online Usage of NeTworked Electronic Resources (COUNTER) has appointed Lorraine Estelle as project director, effective summer 2015. Estelle will succeed Peter Shepherd, who will retire this summer, after 13 years as COUNTER director.

Lorraine brings a wealth of valuable, highly relevant experience to the position. She has worked for Jisc (The UK Joint Information Systems Committee) since 2002 and was Chief Executive of Jisc Collections from 2006 to 2015. In this capacity she has worked closely with publishers and librarians on all aspects of national procurement and licensing activities. Of particular relevance to COUNTER is her role in setting up the UK Journal Usage Statistics Portal (JUSP), which provides a one stop shop for the management by UK academic libraries of COUNTER usage statistics. In addition to her responsibilities at Jisc, Lorraine has been an energetic participant in wider information industry initiatives and organisations. She is currently Co-editor of Insights: the UKSG Journal.

COUNTER is a multi-agency international initiative whose objective is to develop a set of internationally accepted, extendible Codes of Practice that allows the usage of online information products and services to be measured more consistently.

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NISO seeks participants for a working group to revise ANSI/NISO Paper Permanence Standard
- 10 Mar 2015

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) is seeking participants for a working group to revise the standard Permanence of Paper for Publications and Documents in Libraries and Archives (ANSI/NISO Z39.48-1992 (R2009)). This standard establishes criteria for coated and uncoated paper that will last several hundred years without significant deterioration under normal use and storage conditions in libraries and archives. It identifies the specific properties of such paper and specifies the tests required to demonstrate these properties.

According to Betty Landesman, Head of Technical Services and Content Management at University of Baltimore, Langsdale Library, and Co-Chair of the NISO Content and Collection Development Topic Committee that has responsibility for this standard, since it was first issued in 1984, the Paper Permanence standard has been widely used to ensure that paper documents needed for archival or long-term retention were produced on paper that will last for hundreds of years or longer. The paper permanence symbol defined by this standard is well-recognised as an indicator of compliance.

In conducting the five year periodic review of this standard, last revised in 1992, it was determined that it should be updated to reflect changes in paper technology and testing. Specifically, the convened working group will be asked to look at issues of lignin, recycled content, and fillers; investigate further testing of how lingin affects permanence; and investigate methods to reveal compliance.

NISO is seeking individuals with experience in paper preservation needs; paper composition, fiber, and stability; and/or paper analysis and test methods for the revision working group. Anyone interested in participating should contact NISO using the online contact form (www.niso.org/contact/) and indicate their areas of related knowledge or expertise. The current version of the Paper Permanence standard can be downloaded from the NISO website at: http://bit.ly/1De8vYP.

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NISO to maintain the UKSG Transfer Code of Practice
- 10 Feb 2015

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) and UKSG have announced that the Transfer Code of Practice will now be supported and maintained by NISO. The Code provides voluntary guidelines for publishers to follow when transferring journal titles between parties to ensure that the journal content remains easily accessible by librarians and readers. NISO has republished Transfer version 3.0 as a NISO Recommended Practice (NISO RP-24-2015) and will move all supporting documentation to the NISO website. A NISO Standing Committee has been established to manage the ongoing support of the Transfer Code of Practice.

The Transfer project was initiated by UKSG in 2006 and the first version of the Code was released in 2007 in response to issues identified by the scholarly communications community when journal titles change platform providers or owners. Such transfers can negatively impact libraries, intermediaries (such as serials subscription agents, link resolver administrators, and vendors of large-scale discovery systems), and readers. Often the journal would seem to disappear and links from existing information systems to the content would break, even though the title was still being published. Publishers and platform providers have a vested interest in ensuing that their content is easily accessible. The Transfer Code provides them with the specifics of how they can make sure that all of their stakeholders can continue to make the content available with the least amount of disruption.

The Transfer Code of Practice is available on the NISO website from the Transfer Standing Committee's webpage: www.niso.org/workrooms/transfer/. The Enhanced Transfer Alerting Service (ETAS) continues to be available at: http://etas.jusp.mimas.ac.uk/.

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Department Of Justice not to challenge IEEE’s proposal to update patent policy
- 05 Feb 2015

The US' Department of Justice has announced that it will not challenge a proposal by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE) to update the IEEE Standards Association's (IEEE-SA) patent policy. That policy governs the incorporation of patented technology in IEEE standards and explains the terms under which holders of patents essential to IEEE standards commit to make licenses available for use in implementing IEEE standards.

The department's position was stated in a business review letter to counsel for IEEE and IEEE-SA from Renata B. Hesse, Acting Assistant Attorney General for the Antitrust Division for this matter.

IEEE requested a business review letter from the Antitrust Division expressing its enforcement intentions regarding a proposed update to its patent policy. According to representations made by the applicant, the update revises the policy's provisions regarding commitments from parties holding patent claims that are essential to IEEE-SA standards to license those claims on reasonable and non-discriminatory (RAND) terms. The update addresses the availability of injunctive relief, the meaning of a reasonable licensing rate, permissible requests for reciprocal licensing, and the production levels to which the commitment applies.

Standards can offer significant procompetitive benefits. For instance, they may facilitate product interoperability, lower costs, foster innovation and efficiency, and increase competition among technologies for inclusion in standards. The stated purpose of the IEEE's update is to add clarity to the commitment patent holders voluntarily make regarding the licensing of patent claims essential to IEEE standards on RAND terms.

The department issued similar guidance to VITA in 2006 and to IEEE in 2007 regarding changes to their patent policies that allowed patent holders to commit publicly to specific restrictions on their future licensing terms and conditions for the use of essential patents.

Under the department's business review procedure, an organisation may submit a proposed action to the Antitrust Division and receive a statement as to whether the division currently intends to challenge the action under the antitrust laws based on the information provided. The department reserves the right to challenge the proposed action under the antitrust laws if it produces anticompetitive effects.

A file containing the business review request and the department's response may be examined in the Antitrust Documents Group of the Antitrust Division, U.S. Department of Justice, 450 Fifth Street, N.W., Suite 1010, Washington, D.C. 20530. After a 30-day waiting period, the documents supporting the business review will be added to the file, unless a basis for their exclusion for reasons of confidentiality has been established under the business review procedure.

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NISO approves four new projects to develop standards for alternative assessment metrics
- 16 Dec 2014

The voting members of the National Information Standards Organization (NISO) have approved four new projects to develop standards for alternative assessment metrics (altmetrics). The NISO Alternative Assessment Metrics Initiative was begun in July 2013 with funding from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation with a goal of building trust and adoption in new methods of assessing impact.

Phase 1 of the project, which was completed this summer, gathered a large array of relevant stakeholder groups to identify what areas of alternative metrics would benefit most from standards-related developments. This input was distilled into a white paper published in June 2014, which was then presented to the NISO community to prioritize the action items as possible NISO work items. Phase 2 of the project will be to develop standards or recommended practices in the prioritized areas of definitions, calculation methodologies, improvement of data quality, and use of persistent identifiers in alternative metrics. As part of each project, relevant use cases and how they apply to different stakeholder groups will be developed.

The approved proposal for the Phase 2 projects as well as the Phase 1 White Paper are available on the NISO website at: www.niso.org/topics/tl/altmetrics_initiative/. Interested participants from libraries, scholarly publishers, research funders, scholars, university departments of academic affairs, providers of alternative metrics data, and system providers are encouraged to contact NISO.

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NISO publishes recommended practice on Demand Driven Acquisition of Monographs
- 26 Jun 2014

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) has announced the publication of a new recommended practice, Demand Driven Acquisition of Monographs (NISO RP-20-2014). Demand driven acquisition (DDA), also referred to as patron-driven acquisition, is a method used by libraries for collection development where monographs are purchased at their point of need when selected by users from a pool of potential titles.

NISO's Recommended Practice discusses and makes recommendations for publishers, vendors, aggregators, and libraries about key aspects of DDA, goals and objectives of a DDA program, choosing parameters of the program, profiling options, managing MARC records for DDA, removing materials from the consideration pool, assessment of the program, providing long-term access to un-owned content, consortial considerations for DDA, and public library DDA. Although DDA is more commonly used for e-books, the method can also be applied to print publications and these recommendations provide a single set of best practices for both formats, with articulation of differences where they occur.

Demand Driven Acquisition of Monographs (NISO RP-20-2014) is available for free download from the Demand-Driven Acquisition Working Group webpage on the NISO website at: www.niso.org/workrooms/dda/.

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NEMA selects Techstreet to operate its online standards publication store
- 15 May 2014

Industry codes and standards provider Techstreet, part of the Intellectual Property & Science business of Thomson Reuters, has announced a partnership with the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA), with the launch of a new online marketplace for electrical engineering professionals at www.techstreet.com/nema. Techstreet designed, built and is hosting the online store, which offers over 600 NEMA standards and publications.

Engineering and technical professionals who need access to a diverse set of standards used in the generation, transmission, distribution and end use of electricity as well as medical diagnostic imaging, can now efficiently access the entire NEMA standards and publications collection using state-of-the-art search engine technology for fast, accurate results. The online store includes intuitive e-commerce functionality for easy online purchasing, time saving and self-serve account management tools, a standards document tracking alert service, a customer rewards program and exceptional customer service. Users can order print copies or download digital editions of standards and publications in PDF format with full copyright protection.

Techstreet uses advanced Web technologies to speed delivery of industry codes and standards to engineers and technical professionals worldwide. Anyone can freely and easily search an online database of over 500,000 codes, standards and technical books aggregated from over 350 of the world's leading authorities. Techstreet has distribution agreements with over 200 standards authorities and operates online stores for API, ASHRAE, IEEE, AGA, CIE, NSF to name a few. Standards are available for individual purchase in PDF and print, or as an enterprise license through Techstreet Subscriptions, a Web-based information portal.

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NISO and OAI publish ResourceSync Framework Specification - a new American National Standard for the Web
- 08 May 2014

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) and the Open Archives Initiative (OAI) have announced the publication of the ResourceSync Framework Specification - a new American National Standard for the Web detailing various capabilities that a server can implement to allow third-party systems to remain synchronized with its evolving resources. The ResourceSync joint project, funded with support from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and Jisc, was initiated to develop a new open standard on the real-time synchronization of web resources.

The ResourceSync specification introduces a range of easy to implement capabilities that a server may support to enable remote systems to remain more tightly in step with its evolving resources, explains Michael L. Nelson, Associate Professor, Old Dominion University Computer. It also describes how a server can advertise the capabilities it supports. Remote systems can inspect this information to determine how best to remain aligned with the evolving data. All capabilities are implemented on the basis of the document formats introduced by the Sitemap protocol. Capabilities can be combined to achieve varying levels of functionality and hence meet different local or community requirements.

It is expected that this new standard will save a tremendous amount of time, effort, and resources by repository managers through the automation of the replication and updating process. According to Todd Carpenter, NISO Executive Director, the end result will be to increase the general availability of content in web repositories and alleviate the variety of problems created by out-dated, inaccurate, superseded content that exists on the Internet today.

The ResourceSync specification and video tutorials on using the standard are available on the NISO website at www.niso.org/workrooms/resourcesync/.

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ORCID and CASRAI announce new standards project on ‘Peer Review Services’
- 09 Apr 2014

In addition to integrating ORCID identifiers into manuscript submission and grant application workflows, publishers and funders have been adding the identifiers into reviewer workflows. From this, a question arose as to how to acknowledge review activities in ORCID. To address this need, ORCID has asked CASRAI to facilitate a new standards project focusing on Peer Review Services Contributions. The participant-funded project is the first in a new program of International Projects being launched by CASRAI.

An international working group has been convened, with members representing associations, publishers, and funder organizations. The group is co-chaired by Rebecca Lawrence of F1000 Research and Laura Paglione of ORCID. Organisations serving on the working group are Autism Speaks, Denison University, Cambridge University Press, American Geophysical Union, Origin Editorial, University of Split, and Hypothes.is.

Key areas of discussion include assessing 'prior art', identifying and defining data elements to enable acknowledgement, identifying options for assigning a persistent document identifier to the review itself, and recommending citation structure. The working group is scheduled to submit its draft recommendations to an external review circle in June, prior to finalising their report.

CASRAI will be translating the group's recommendations into fully defined record-types, fields, and classifications to be added to the CASRAI dictionary for open use by the community. ORCID will be using the group's recommendations to develop methods for linking review activities with ORCID identifiers and for posting review metadata to the ORCID Registry.

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Techstreet and SAE International expand partnership
- 24 Feb 2014

Industry codes and standards provider Techstreet, part of the Intellectual Property & Science business of Thomson Reuters, has signed an agreement with SAE International. Under the deal, Techstreet will gain additional rights to distribute the latter's standards content in PDF format on Techstreet Subscriptions, the industry's fastest growing enterprise platform for global standards management. The new offer will provide engineers and technical professionals with unlimited access to aerospace and automotive standards in a robust and easy-to-use workflow tool.

The new agreement provides Techstreet Subscription customers with company-wide access to SAE International's three core collections consisting of more than10,000 active aerospace and automotive standards. These include 2,200 SAE Ground Vehicle Standards (J-Reports); 3,200 SAE Aerospace Material Specifications (AMS); 5,200 SAE Aerospace Standards (AS). Building on the initial partnership rights to distribute SAE International Standards to single and multi-users, the three collections can be purchased separately or together.

Techstreet Subscriptions offers powerful search capabilities, easy-to-use workflow tools and flexible content. It is the only enterprise platform with on-demand usage reports, making it easy to analyse return on investment and adjust year-over-year spend, without compromising access to critical standards content. Techstreet's comprehensive offerings include more than 500,000 codes, standards and technical books, aggregated from more than 350 of the world's leading authorities.

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IEEE statement on the open evolution of internet standards
- 17 Feb 2014

Technical professional organisation IEEE, with its unique position and potential among vast, global communities of scientists, engineers and experts in all pertinent technical fields, is planning to significantly augment its global engagement in the Internet arena.

The open, universal and inclusive nature of the Internet is not a natural phenomenon. It is a major achievement that has to be actively defended and fostered. In particular, IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) considers the integrity of the underlying technical standards, including security protocols, to be the lifeblood of the Internet. Any intentional weakening of such standards is a very serious and politically unacceptable violation of personal and professional ethics, and poses a major threat to the future of the Internet. A universally open, fully transparent and broadly consensual standards development process, as exemplified by the OpenStand external link principles, is seen to be the solution to many of these challenges.

By contrast, fragmentation of the Internet infrastructure, including regionalisation of its norms and standards, does not provide the answer, but rather constitutes a further threat against the universal character of the Internet. In particular, the organisation supports the position of the IEEE 802 leaders regarding security protocols related to IEEE 802 standards.

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Techstreet launches latest version of its enterprise standards management platform, Techstreet Subscriptions
- 19 Dec 2013

Industry codes and standards provider Techstreet, part of the Intellectual Property & Science business of Thomson Reuters, has announced the launch of the latest version of its enterprise standards management platform, Techstreet Subscriptions. Techstreet Subscriptions provides customers with new collaboration capabilities, including note taking and the ability to view exact equivalents, providing greater collaboration for subscribers.

Techstreet Subscriptions customers can now take and share notes about the products within the application. In addition, the exact equivalents feature offers the certainty they are using the correct standard. Equivalents flags notify subscribers when identical versions of the document are available, and a single click produces a complete list of these documents from multiple publishers, showing which international standards have been adopted by national standards bodies.

Techstreet subscriptions offers powerful search capabilities, easy-to-use workflow tools and flexible content, making the latest standards easily accessible. Techstreet's comprehensive offerings include more than 500,000 codes, standards and technical books, aggregated from more than 350 of the world's leading authorities, and made available through Techstreet's online store.

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NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol Standing Committee to replace former maintenance agency
- 20 Nov 2013

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) has announced the replacement of the maintenance agency for the two-part American National Standard on the NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol (NCIP), ANSI/NISO Z39.83, with a Standing Committee for ongoing maintenance of the standard. NCIP addresses the need for interoperability among disparate circulation, interlibrary loan, consortial borrowing, and self-service applications by standardising the exchange of messages between and among computer-based applications. The NCIP protocol is widely supported in integrated library systems (ILS) and resource sharing software.

A number of supporting tools and documentation have been developed to aid in implementation. These include an XML schema that matches the implementation profile defined in Part 2 of the standard, an Introduction to NCIP to provide librarians and other implementers with a basic introduction to NCIP, and links to sources of additional information about the standard. The NCIP Core Message Set defines a minimal set of nine messages (out of the full set of 45) that supports the majority of the current functionality for resource sharing and self-service applications and provides a simpler starting point for new implementers.

The NCIP standard and the supporting tools and documentation are freely available at: www.ncip.info/.

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NISO publishes Data Curation themed issue of Information Standards quarterly in Open Access
- 18 Oct 2013

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) announces the publication of the Fall 2013 issue of Information Standards Quarterly (ISQ) with a special theme of Data Curation. Interest in the topic of data curation has increased greatly as many governments and funding organisations have mandated that publicly funded research must be made more openly available–including not only the results published in journal articles, but also the underlying data. As a result, much discussion and work is under way around the process and tools needed to ensure that data can be made accessible for reuse and preserved for the long-term.

The feature article by Colin L. Bird, Cerys Willoughby, Simon J. Coles, and Jeremy G. Frey discusses Data Curation Issues in the Chemical Sciences, specifically the extent to which chemists respect the importance of curation in their day-to-day activities in the laboratory and at their computers. The authors emphasize that an essential ingredient in the curation process is metadata, particularly at the time data and information are created, which they describe as "curation at source."

Three "in practice" articles provide case studies for how data is curated in the European scholarly community in general and specifically in the fields of archeology and earth sciences.

Information Standards Quarterly is available in open access in electronic format on the NISO website. Both the entire Fall 2013 Data Curation issue of ISQ and the individual articles may be freely downloaded.

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IEEE initiates new standards working groups
- 15 Oct 2013

Technical professional organisation IEEE has announced its new working groups will immediately kick off the development process to create standards for the EPEAT registry.

In July, IEEE announced its plan to move the IEEE 1680 standards forward. Since then, working groups have been established for IEEE P1680.1, Standard for Environmental Assessment of Personal Computer Products, and IEEE P1680.4, Standard for Environmental Assessment of Servers. These working groups, comprising a broad coalition of key constituents from the academic, environmental, business, governmental agencies and purchaser communities, will ensure that balance, openness and inclusivity are part of the development process.

Deeply rooted in a broad consensus from organisations of all sizes and across all technologies, the IEEE standards process is globally respected and accepted as an established framework for driving environmentally friendly innovations across the globe.

EPEAT is a global registry for greener electronics, conceived and developed through the collaboration of stakeholders from the business, advocacy, government, and academic arenas.

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NISO and UKSG release draft for public comment of a revision to the KBART Recommended Practice
- 06 Sep 2013

The National Information Standards Organization and UKSG have announced the release of a draft for public comment of a revision to the Knowledge Bases and Related Tools (KBART) Recommended Practice. Issued in 2010, the original recommended practice provided all parties in the information supply chain with straightforward guidance about metadata formatting to ensure the exchange of accurate metadata between content providers and knowledge base developers.

Building on the initial recommendations, the draft revision focuses on the more granular, complex issues that cause problems in metadata supply, including consortia-specific metadata transfer, metadata transfer for open access publications, and metadata transfer for e-books and conference proceedings.

The KBART Phase II draft is open for public comment through October 4, 2013. To download the draft or submit online comments, interested parties may visit the KBART Information Hub at www.niso.org/workrooms/kbart.

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Techstreet expands energy, manufacturing and inspection standards content for the global engineering community
- 28 Aug 2013

Industry codes and standards provider Techstreet, part of the Intellectual Property & Science business of Thomson Reuters, has signed new agreements with standards publishers - Petroleum Equipment Institute (PEI), American Nuclear Society (ANS), National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors (NBBI), Aluminum Association and FM Approvals. The agreements expand Techstreet's extensive and easily accessible electronic collection of codes and standards for engineers and technical professionals worldwide.

The new content further enhances Techstreet's offerings in the energy, manufacturing and inspection industries, allowing standards users quick and easy access to critical information. Standards users now can browse catalogues from PEI, ANS, NBBI, Aluminum Association and FM Approvals, and Techstreet offers a range of format options, including multi-user PDFs, redline documents, and print and online bundles. In addition, through the Techstreet Subscription platform, customers can stay compliant by receiving automatic updates and can configure numerous alerting options to keep up to date with the ever-changing standards landscape.

Techstreet's comprehensive offerings include more than 500,000 codes, standards and technical books aggregated from more than 350 of the world's leading authorities, and are available through Techstreet's online store. Customers can also streamline standards management with Techstreet Subscriptions, a workflow solution for managing standards across teams, projects and locations.

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NISO publishes fifth edition of Metrics Data Dictionary for Libraries and Information Providers
- 30 Jul 2013

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) has announced the publication of the fifth edition of the standard ANSI/NISO Z39.7, Information Services and Use: Metrics and Statistics for Libraries and Information Providers – Data Dictionary.

The purpose of the Z39.7 Data Dictionary is to assist the information community in the identification, definition, collection, and interpretation of statistical data used to describe the current status and condition of libraries in the United States. It absorbs many of the de facto definitions established in various national surveys and data collection programs to provide a body of valid and comparable data on American libraries.

Originally published in 1968 with the title Library Statistics, the standard has evolved through its subsequent editions, culminating in an online data dictionary and new title in the 2004 edition. In 2008, NISO moved the standard from periodic to continuous maintenance and established the Z39.7 Standing Committee to maintain the standard.

The Z39.7 Data Dictionary is available in open access on the NISO website at http://z39-7.niso.org/. A downloadable PDF version of the standard is also available. Users of the standard are encouraged to submit suggestions to the Z39.7 Standing Committee at any time. Information on the continuous maintenance process is available from the Committees' webpage at www.niso.org/workrooms/z39-7.

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NISO voting members approve new project to develop recommended practices for Packaging and Exchanging Serial Content
- 27 Jun 2013

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) voting members have approved a new project to develop recommended practices for Packaging and Exchanging Serial Content. Many different organisations - libraries, archives, indexing services, content aggregators, publishers, and content creators - need to exchange and work with digital files that make up serial content. Generally, the files are aggregated in some type of 'package' that can vary significantly in format and structure and contain anywhere from several files for a single article to over a million files for a full journal title backfile.

This new NISO initiative will develop a recommended practice defining the rules to be used to create a package of serial content, allowing both the exchange of content and the automation of processes to receive and manage this content.

Participation in the new NISO initiative is encouraged from libraries, publishers, content aggregators, and repositories. Individuals interested in participating on this working group should contact Nettie Lagace (nlagace@niso.org).

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NISO announces new two-phase project to develop standards and recommended practices for altmetrics
- 24 Jun 2013

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) has announced a new two-phase project to study, propose, and develop community-based standards or recommended practices in the field of alternative metrics. Assessment of scholarship is a critical component of the research process, impacting everything from which projects get funded to who gains promotion and tenure to which publications gain prominence.

Since Eugene Garfield's pioneering work in the 1960s, much of the work on research assessment has been based upon citations. Exemplified by innovative new platforms like ImpactStory, a new movement is growing to develop more robust alternative metrics - called altmetrics - that complement traditional citation metrics. NISO will first hold several in-person and virtual meetings to identify critical areas where altmetrics standards or recommended practices are needed and then convene a working group to develop consensus standards and/or recommended practices.

The project is funded through a $207,500 grant from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

The first phase of the project will gather two groups of invited experts in altmetrics research, traditional publishing, bibliometrics, and faculty assessment for in-person discussions with the goal of identifying key altmetrics issues and those that can best be addressed through standards or recommended practices. This input will form the basis of two virtual meetings open to the public to further refine and prioritise the issues.

Additional community input will be sought through an array of electronic and social mechanisms and events coordinated with major community conferences. A report summarising this input will identify the specific areas where NISO should develop standards or recommended practices, which will be undertaken by a working group convened in phase two.

The complete project from initial meetings to publication of standards is expected to take two years. Information about the meetings and other methods for participation will be announced on the NISO website and in the monthly Newsline e-newsletter.

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IEEE-SA approves IEEE 1904.1 Standard for Service Interoperability in Ethernet Passive Optical Networks
- 17 Jun 2013

Technical professional organisation IEEE has announced that the IEEE 1904.1 Standard for Service Interoperability in Ethernet Passive Optical Networks (SIEPON) was approved by the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) at the Standards Board meeting. The IEEE 1904.1 standard provides open, international, system-level specifications enabling multi-vendor, ‘plug-and-play’ interoperability in EPON systems.

IEEE EPON is the market-leading fiber-access technology, with worldwide deployments serving more than 100 million subscribers. These systems support a diverse suite of business and residential services, including IPTV, VoIP, commercial-grade data services, and cellular backhaul. The SIEPON standard has documented the best practices that have been field-proven in various EPON deployments around the world. Mechanisms for quality of service and bandwidth assignment, multicast, VLAN and tunneling modes, software download, and authentication are specified to reflect existing deployment models and seamlessly mesh with existing service architectures. Among the new additions are several advanced features, such as power-saving modes and optical fiber protection mechanisms.

Sponsored by the IEEE Communications Society, the IEEE 1904.1 SIEPON standard, which covers both 1G-EPON and 10G-EPON, and describes the transport, service, and control planes, will facilitate EPON deployment for operators already familiar with this technology or who are evaluating it for future use. EPON devices can now follow a common specification for the worldwide market, thus resulting in larger volumes and reduced costs.

To complete the IEEE 1904.1 standard, the international coalition of network operators, equipment suppliers, and testing laboratories that form the IEEE SIEPON Working Group external link went through a rigorous review and revision process based on open, market-driven standards-development principles adopted by the IEEE Standards Association.

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NISO publishes annual review issue of ‘Information Standards Quarterly’
- 10 Apr 2013

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) has published the Spring 2013 issue of its Information Standards Quarterly (ISQ) magazine in open access on the NISO website. The magazine provides a summary of the 2012 standards development work conducted by NISO and by the international ISO Information and Documentation committee (TC46). NISO provides this Year in Review issue on an annual basis to keep readers apprised of all the accomplishments of its community in the past year.

In 2012, it published two new standards, the revision of a two-part standard, two new recommended practices, two recommended practice revisions, and a new white paper. It also launched three new initiatives and was awarded two new grants from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. These are all described in more detail in this issue of ISQ.

The Spring issue also contains a standard spotlight article on the Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS), a new standard based on an older specification, originally developed at the National Library of Medicine. Also included in the issue is the annual reference listing of all of NISO's published standards, recommended practices and technical reports.

The ISQ Spring issue is available electronically in open access from the NISO website at: www.niso.org/publications/isq/. ISQ is also available in print format by subscription or in print-on-demand.

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Thomson Reuters Techstreet expands redline document offerings
- 26 Mar 2013

Techstreet, part of the Intellectual Property & Science business of Thomson Reuters, has announced expanded redline document offerings for the leading standard publishers. Techstreet's extensive library of redline documents allows users to quickly identify changes to updated standards publications, saving time and resources.

Techstreet redline documents reportedly provide a fast and easy way to compare changes between the active standard and the previous version, comparing the two versions for amendments. Redline documents identify additions, deletions, and other formatting and content changes between the two versions of the standard, making it clear what changes have been made from one version to the next. Showing tracked changes in standards is seen to be very beneficial for engineers and knowledge workers who use standards documents in their daily work. A redline document can easily save several hours of time previously used to manually compare old versions to new versions, allowing users to more quickly identify and implement needed updates.

Techstreet creates hundreds of redlines for leading standards publishing organisations including IEEE Standards Association, ASHRAE, SAE International, American Petroleum Institute, NSF International, and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. In addition to developing redlines, Techstreet also offers ASTM International's catalogue of redlines and redlines from IEC.

Techstreet redlines are offered with the clean, active version of the standard, making it easier to implement changes to procedures, equipment and products. Redlines are available for single-copy purchase on Techstreet.com or as part of an enterprise license through a Techstreet subscription.

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NISO publishes maintenance revisions of Dublin Core and SUSHI standards
- 06 Mar 2013

The US' National Information Standards Organization (NISO) has announced the publication of maintenance revisions of two widely used standards: The Dublin Core Metadata Element Set and The Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative (SUSHI) Protocol. Both standards were revised to make very minor updates.

The Dublin Core standard defines 15 metadata elements for resource description in a cross-disciplinary information environment and is reportedly used as the basis for most metadata standards in use today. The SUSHI Protocol defines an automated request and response model for the harvesting of electronic resource usage data and is required for conformance with the COUNTER Code of Practice.

Thomas Baker, Chief Information Officer for the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative, the maintenance agency for the Dublin Core standard, has explained that the DCMI usage board has approved a change to the usage comment for the 'subject' element to eliminate some ambiguity with the 'coverage' element. The new version of the ANSI/NISO standard corresponds to version 1.1 of the specification on the DCMI website.

Oliver Pesch, Chief Strategist for EBSCO Information Services and Co-chair of the SUSHI Standing Committee, has stated that the SUSHI Standing Committee has initiated this revision of the standard to make two minor updates. An additional error code was added and the appendix about security considerations was updated to reflect technology changes and experience gained since the initial implementation of the SUSHI protocol.

Both standards are available for free download from the NISO website; Dublin Core at www.niso.org/standards/z39-85-2012 and SUSHI at www.niso.org/standards/z39-93-2013/.

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NISO unveils project to develop standards for open access metadata and indicators
- 08 Feb 2013

The voting members of the US' National Information Standards Organization (NISO) have approved a new project to develop standardised bibliographic metadata and visual indicators to describe the accessibility of journal articles with respect to how 'open' they are.

It has been observed that many offerings are available from publishers under the banner of Open Access (OA), Increased Access, Public Access, or other names; the terms offered vary both between publishers and within publishers by journal, and in some cases, based on the funding organisation of the author. Adding to the potential confusion, a number of publishers also offer hybrid options in which some articles are 'open' while the rest of the journal's content are available only by subscription or licence.

It is said that no standardised bibliographic metadata currently provides information on whether a specific article is openly accessible and what re-use rights might be available to readers. Visual indicators or icons indicating the openness of an article are inconsistent in both design and use across publishers or even across journals from the same publisher.

The project launched by NISO will focus initially on metadata elements that describe the readership rights associated with an OA article. Specifically, the NISO Working Group will determine the optimal mechanisms to describe and transmit the rights, if any, an arbitrary user has to access a specific article from any internet connection point. Recommendations will include a means for distribution and aggregation of this metadata in machine-readable form. The group will also consider the feasibility of incorporating information on re-use rights and the feasibility of reaching agreement on transmission of that data.

This new project will be discussed in NISO's Open Teleconference call on February 11.

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NIH to embed ORCID identifiers in grant application workflows
- 17 Jan 2013

The US National Institutes of Health (NIH) will join Wellcome Trust in working to embed ORCID identifiers in grant application workflows. ORCID undertakes to provide funders a means to better track research and understand the impact of funding while reducing the burden for researchers of reporting the products of their research.

The NIH is testing the efficacy of ORCID iDs in the ScienCV platform, for linking researchers, their grants, and their scientific output. The US federal government has been working to create a fed-wide profile system to streamline the grants and contract application process and reduce the data entry burden for investigators. When launched later this year, the ScienCV prototype will provide a shared, voluntary researcher profile system for individuals who receive or are associated with research investments from federal agencies.

In development by the NIH, ScienCV will use current technologies to pull data from federal and non-federal sources. Pilot data sources for the ScienCV project include VIVO, PubMed, LinkedIn, and import from bibliography files.

ORCID is a non-profit community-based organisation that provides an open, international registry of unique and persistent identifiers for the research community. ORCID works with the research community to embed iDs into key workflows, such as grant applications, to support the automated linkage of research and researchers.

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IEEE 802.11 amended to enable improvements in capacity
- 09 Jan 2013

Technical professional organisation IEEE, US, has announced that the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) Standards Board has approved the IEEE 802.11ad-2012 amendment to provide data rates up to 7 Gbps, more than 10 times the maximum speed previously enabled within the IEEE 802.11 standard. With the improvements introduced in IEEE 802.11ad, this amendment is seen as a perfect complement to the existing IEEE 802.11 standard, acting as the foundation for tri-band networking, wireless docking, wired equivalent data transfer rates and uncompressed streaming video.

The IEEE 802.11ad specification adds a 'fast session transfer' feature, which reportedly enables wireless devices to seamlessly transition between the 60 GHz frequency band and the legacy 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz bands. The ability to imperceptively move between the bands ensures that computing devices are always 'best connected,' enabling them to operate with optimal performance and range criteria.

Through the vast improvements in spectral reuse at 60 GHz and an efficient beam forming technology, IEEE 802.11ad enables great improvements in capacity. Many users in a dense deployment can all maintain top-speed performance, without interfering with each other or having to share bandwidth as with the legacy frequency bands.

More than 300 individuals from equipment and silicon suppliers, service providers, systems integrators, consultant organisations and academic institutions from more than 20 countries participated in IEEE 802.11ad ratification. According to IEEE, the global collaboration effort led to the successful completion of the standard 50 percent faster than the previous major PHY/MAC IEEE standard of this magnitude. The amendment was published in December 2012.

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Thomson Reuters to integrate ORCID identifiers into scientific and scholarly research offerings
- 20 Nov 2012

The IP & Science business of Thomson Reuters has announced its initiative to incorporate ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) identifiers into its scientific and scholarly research offerings, ensuring that users of resources such as ResearcherID and ScholarOne Manuscripts are able to incorporate their unique IDs into the attribution and publishing process. The system provides a central registry of researchers across disciplines and geographic boundaries, connecting researchers to their research.

Thomson Reuters is a founding member of the ORCID initiative, having worked closely with the organisation since inception in 2009 to develop and define the principles for this programme. Given its contribution to the genesis of ORCID, Thomson Reuters is committed to ensuring its flagship solutions incorporate ORCID technology and make it easily accessible.

Thomson Reuters is embedding ORCID identifiers across its scientific and scholarly research ecosystem, providing integrated continuity for the use and access of this information. Researchers can register for, or upload, their ORCID identifier into ResearcherID. That information will then be accessible in an EndNote bibliography, and eventually be part of the formatted, cited reference.

The ORCID identifier will also appear in ScholarOne Manuscripts, and can be searched and reported on as part of the peer-review process (journals can collect ORCID identifiers for authors). Published articles will be indexed in the Web of Knowledge, with links to ORCID profile data that are searchable within the interface. The ecosystem is complete by enabling administrators, funders and policy makers to view groups of ORCIDs to measure and benchmark against others in InCites.

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Semantico develops global scholarly author registry - ORCID Registry
- 08 Nov 2012

UK-based online publishing services provider Semantico Ltd has announced that the recently launched ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) Registry was engineered by the company. ORCID recently launched its Registry, where researchers can differentiate themselves by creating a unique personal identifier.

The technical solution uses an API-driven service-oriented architecture, and is being developed using an agile, iterative process.

Interoperability is critical, so the system has been designed to enhance the scientific discovery process and improve the efficiency of research funding and collaboration within the research community. Thomson Reuters has provided ORCID with a perpetual license and royalty free use of ResearcherID source code giving ORCID the critical technology to create its system.

The system as launched provides a switchboard for linking with other existing researcher identifier systems. Elsevier is providing a way for researchers to link their Scopus Author IDs to ORCID and synchronise their publication information between the two systems.

Thomson Reuters' ResearcherID will link to ORCID and allow researchers to synchronise their publication information. In addition to manuscript tracking systems and vendors including Nature Publishing Group, Hindawi Publishing Corporation, Copernicus, Aries, Scholar One, and eJournal Press, several research information system providers have integrated ORCID identifiers, including AVEDAS, figshare, KNODE, Faculty of 1000, and ImpactStory. Through its affiliate ORCID EU, ORCID is working with DataCite to link ORCID identifiers with research datasets.

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Elsevier, Nature Publishing Group join ORCID in launching ORCID Registry
- 17 Oct 2012

STM publisher Elsevier, Netherlands, joined with ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID, to announce the official launch of the ORCID Registry. Elsevier, a founding sponsor and launch partner of ORCID, expects to integrate ORCID with many of its products and services.

ORCID seeks to remedy the systemic name ambiguity problems seen in scholarly research by assigning unique identifiers linkable to an individual's research output. ORCID will facilitate an open and transparent linking mechanism between ORCID, other ID schemes, and research objects such as publications, grants and patents.

At launch, researchers and scholars will be able to register for an ORCID identifier, create ORCID records, and manage privacy settings. They will also be able to link to and synchronise their ORCID identifier record data with external systems including Scopus, an abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature. Researchers will be able to link to their Scopus Author Profiles from their ORCID records, saving them time when setting up their ORCID profile and allowing Scopus to automatically keep their ORCID bibliography up to date.

Next year, Scopus will incorporate ORCID data into the Scopus author profiling process to increase the accuracy of the Scopus profiles and automatically propagate work that researchers do to clean up their ORCID profiles.

In addition to the Scopus tool, ORCID data will be added to the SciVal suite of products, to further enhance the accuracy of researcher profiles, and enable increased interoperability with customers' own data. Elsevier's Publishing group also plans to integrate ORCIDs into the manuscript submission process. This is expected to save authors time when going through the submission process and enable automatic updating of author bibliographies when articles are published.

ORCID is an open, non-profit, community-based effort to provide a persistent registry of unique researcher identifiers and a transparent method of linking research activities to these identifiers. Starting in October, individuals may register for an ORCID identifier at http://orcid.org.

In a related announcement, scientific publisher Nature Publishing Group (NPG) announced that once researchers have created their unique personal identifier at www.orcid.org, NPG is ready to include them in its manuscript submission system and nature.com registration. NPG is one of seventeen launch partners, including universities, funders, publishers, research information vendors and providers.

nature.com registrants will be now be able to link ORCID identifiers to their nature.com profile, and authors will be able to link their ORCID identifiers to their manuscript submissions. NPG will also be encouraging authors and registrants to register for an ORCID identifier at www.orcid.org. Further integration between nature.com, NPG's submission systems and the ORCID registry is planned as ORCID rolls out functionality.

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ICAP in collaboration with NIST, UNH-IOL for conformity assessment programme
- 27 Sep 2012

The IEEE Conformity Assessment Program (ICAP) has announced plans to collaborate with the US' National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of New Hampshire InterOperability Laboratory (UNH-IOL). The organisations will work jointly on the development of a conformity assessment initiative for the IEEE C37.238 (Power Profile) addressing the smart grid market. The collaboration is seen as a significant step forward in support of the advancement of IEEE C37.238 based certified products to market.

ICAP is joint initiative of the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) and IEEE Industry Standards and Technology Organization (IEEE-ISTO).

It has been observed that there is increasing demand for accurate time synchronisation for protection and control equipment for electrical power systems. The IEEE 1588 Precision Time Protocol (PTP) has been identified as a solution to address the synchronisation requirement for substation automation. The IEEE C37.238 Standard defines a standard profile for the use of IEEE 1588 PTP in Power Systems applications.

Building upon their respective areas of interest, the organisations are collaborating to further work that has been initiated independently. NIST initiated the construction and development of an IEEE C37.238 Test Suite to experiment with the accuracy, reliability and interoperability of IEEE 1588 devices in next generation power substation applications for the smart grid.

Through an agreement between NIST and the UNH-IOL, the UNH-IOL will assume the responsibility for future development of the Test Suite. ICAP, serving as the Certification Authority, will develop and implement a certification programme that will leverage the Test Suite. ICAP will bring together representatives of the interested community to develop a certification programme that meets their respective needs.

ICAP will announce its intention to collaborate with NIST and the UNH-IOL, as well as to seek industry participation in the development of the conformity assessment programme, at the 2012 International IEEE Symposium on Precision Clock Synchronization for Measurement, Control and Communication (ISPCS) conference, September 26-28, 2012 in San Francisco.

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NISO publishes COUNTER-SUSHI Implementation Profile as a Recommended Practice
- 20 Sep 2012

The National Information Standards Organisation (NISO), US, has announced the publication of the COUNTER-SUSHI Implementation Profile. The new Recommended Practice seeks to provide a practical implementation structure to be used in the creation of reports and services related to harvesting of COUNTER Release 4 reports using the NISO SUSHI Protocol.

The Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting (SUSHI) Protocol was issued as a standard (ANSI/NISO Z39.93) in 2007 to simplify and automate the harvesting of COUNTER usage reports by libraries from the growing number of information providers they work with. COUNTER (Counting Online Usage of Networked Electronic Resources) is an international initiative that published its first Code of Practice in 2003 and issued Release 4 of the COUNTER Code of Practice for e-Resources in April 2012.

XML schemas supporting the Implementation Profile and Release 4 of the Counter Code of Practice have also been published by NISO, which has an agreement with COUNTER to maintain the schemas and keep the SUSHI and COUNTER schemas in synch.

The COUNTER-SUSHI Implementation Profile (NISO RP-14-2012), the referenced schemas, and additional implementation guidance for SUSHI can be found on the SUSHI webpages at: www.niso.org/workrooms/sushi/.

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IEEE-IEC guidelines for condition monitoring of equipment at nuclear power plants
- 20 Sep 2012

IEEE and International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) have announced the joint publication of new international guidelines for condition monitoring of electrical equipment installed in nuclear power plants. The organisations have also published three affiliated standards detailing specific techniques that can be used to perform the condition monitoring evaluations. The IEC prepares and publishes international standards for all electrotechnologies.

The series of international standards and guidelines, IEC/IEEE 62582, Nuclear power plants -Instrumentation and control important to safety—Electrical equipment condition monitoring methods, is intended for use by nuclear power plant operators, system evaluators, test laboratories and licensees of nuclear power plants.

The standards are said to be particularly important because they focus on condition monitoring of electrical equipment that performs vital nuclear power plant safety functions. A very important application is condition monitoring of electrical cables, which not only provide power needed to operate electrical equipment in nuclear power plants but also transmit signals to and from the various instrumentation and control equipment that performs safety and accident mitigation functions.

The IEC and the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) collaborated extensively to develop these standards to promote international uniformity in the practice of electrical equipment condition monitoring. The IEC/IEEE 62582 series of standards was published under a joint agreement between IEC and IEEE, which was put in place in 2008 to foster the harmonisation of technology standards used in different regions and regulatory environments.

The use of standardised condition monitoring approaches and techniques is said to have many benefits for nuclear power plant operators. Such methods yield compatibilities for data collected from various sites and regions, facilitate the exchange of information and experiences, make it possible to build databases characterising the condition of monitored equipment over time, and encourage the broad acceptance of results.

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IEEE 802.3-2012 Standard for Ethernet expands to address new markets
- 06 Sep 2012

Technical professional organisation IEEE, US, has announced the approval of IEEE 802.3 2012 "Standard for Ethernet." IEEE 802.3 defines wired connectivity for Ethernet local area, access and metropolitan area networks around the world. It defines the physical (PHY) and media access control (MAC) layers of Ethernet transmission across wired connections of multiple media.

According to IEEE, the standard's global deployment is pervasive, and the span of stakeholders in its ongoing development is sweeping. This includes network component and system manufacturers and network, software and bandwidth providers, as well as LAN and Internet users worldwide.

Furthermore, IEEE 802.3's relevance is seen to continue to grow multi-dimensionally in order to address additional media types, bandwidth speeds and protocols. The new IEEE 802.3 revision approved by the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) incorporates various technical updates and enhancements and consolidates a host of amendments to the base standard that were approved since IEEE 802.3's last full revision, in 2008.

Amendments addressing 10 Gbit/s Ethernet Passive Optical Networks (EPONs), and energy efficiency are among those that have been incorporated into IEEE 802.3-2012. Also included are extension to 40 Gbit/s and 100 Gbit/s speeds while maintaining compatibility with previously installed IEEE 802.3 interfaces, enhanced support for loss-sensitive applications and time synchronisation.

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Research institutes, data repositories among ORCID’s launch partners
- 04 Sep 2012

ORCID, an international, interdisciplinary, open and not-for-profit organisation, has announced that organisations across the scholarly community are preparing to integrate with the ORCID Registry. Participating in the ORCID Launch Partners Program are research institutions, publishers, research funders, data repositories and third party providers. ORCID is launching its public Registry in October, at which time individuals may register for an ORCID identifier.

Participants in the initiative include the American Physical Society, Aries Systems, Avedas, Boston University School of Medicine, the California Institute of Technology, CrossRef, Elsevier, Faculty of 1000, figshare, Hindawi, JMIR Publications, KNODE, Nature Publishing Group, SafetyLit, Symplectic, Thomson Reuters, Total-Impact, and the Wellcome Trust. Programme participants and other organisations interested in integrating ORCID identifiers are encouraged to register for its integration webinar series at http://dev.orcid.org/getting-started.

At launch, the registry will allow researchers and scholars to register for an ORCID identifier, create ORCID records, and manage their privacy settings. It will contain ORCID records created by universities on behalf of their researchers and scholars. It will also allow researchers and scholars to link their ORCID record external identifiers, including Scopus and ResearcherID.

The registry will facilitate synchronisation of ORCID identifier record data with external systems including Scopus. It will bi-directionally link to a number of author profile and manuscript submission systems, aiding researchers and scholars in creating ORCID records. Systems that will have integrated ORCID Identifiers at the time of launch include the American Physical Society, Aries Systems, Hindawi, Nature Publishing Group, and Scholar One Manuscripts.

The registry will also allow researchers and scholars to search and upload publication metadata from CrossRef and is expected to have the ability to link to grant application systems.

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IEEE, other standards organisations endorse OpenStand’ principles
- 30 Aug 2012

Five global organisations —IEEE, Internet Architecture Board (IAB), Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), Internet Society and World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) – have announced that they have signed a statement affirming the importance of a jointly developed set of principles establishing a modern paradigm for global, open standards.

The shared "OpenStand" principles — based on the effective and efficient standardisation processes that have made the Internet and Web the premiere platforms for innovation and borderless commerce — are seen to be proven in their ability to foster competition and cooperation, support innovation and interoperability and drive market success.

IEEE, IAB, IETF, Internet Society and W3C invite other standards organisations, governments, corporations and technology innovators globally to endorse the principles, which are available at the OpenStand website.

The OpenStand principles strive to encapsulate that successful standardisation model and make it extendable across the contemporary, global economy's gamut of technology spaces and markets. The principles comprise a modern paradigm in which the economics of global markets — fuelled by technological innovation — drive global deployment of standards, regardless of their formal status within traditional bodies of national representation.

The OpenStand principles demand cooperation among standards organisations, adherence to due process, broad consensus, transparency, balance and openness in standards development, commitment to technical merit, interoperability, competition, innovation and benefit to humanity, availability of standards to all and voluntary adoption.

Globally adopted design-automation standards, which have paved the way for a giant leap forward in industry's ability to define complex electronic solutions, provide another example of standards developed in the spirit of the OpenStand principles. Another technology space that figures to demand such standards over the next decades is the global smart-grid effort, which seeks to augment regional facilities for electricity generation, distribution, delivery and consumption with a two-way, end-to-end network for communications and control.

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Latest version of NCIP to support interoperability for resource sharing
- 24 Aug 2012

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO), US, has announced the publication of the two-part American National Standard on the NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol (NCIP), ANSI/NISO Z39.83. NCIP addresses the need for interoperability among disparate circulation, interlibrary loan, consortial borrowing and self-service applications by standardising the exchange of messages between and among computer-based applications.

Part 1 of the standard defines the Protocol and Part 2: Implementation Profile provides a practical implementation structure. The NCIP protocol is said to be widely supported in integrated library systems (ILS) and resource sharing software.

Mike Dicus, Product Manager at Ex Libris Group and Co-chair of the NCIP Standing Committee, said the latest edition of NCIP, version 2.02, incorporated implementers' feedback and experience into the standard with changes that improved the usefulness and practicality of the various services. One of the larger changes in 2.02 is the addition of a Lookup Item Set service. This service allows an initiator to query with a single request a set of items that may share some kind of relationship, such as multiple volumes of a book set. Additionally, Bibliographic Record Id has been made repeatable within Bibliographic Description.

Rob Walsh, representative for EnvisionWare and the Maintenance Agency for NCIP, said that in addition to the standard, the NCIP Standing Committee had made available supporting tools and documentation to aid in implementation. An XML schema is available that matches the implementation profile defined in Part 2 of the standard. The document 'Introduction to NCIP' provides librarians and other implementers with a basic introduction to NCIP and links to sources of additional information about the standard.

The NCIP Core Message Set is also stated to define a minimal set of nine messages that supports the majority of the current functionality for resource sharing and self-service applications and provides a simpler starting point for new implementers. An NCIP Implementer Registry collects information about vendors' implementations-specifically which versions and which messages are supported.

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NISO brings out Journal Article Tag Suite Standard for journal publishers
- 23 Aug 2012

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO), US, has announced the publication of a new American National Standard, JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite, ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012. JATS provides a common XML format in which publishers and archives can exchange journal content by preserving the intellectual content of journals independent of the form in which that content was originally delivered.

In addition to the element and attribute descriptions, three journal article tag sets are part of the standard. While designed to describe the textual and graphical content of journal articles, it can also be used for some other materials, such as letters, editorials and book and product reviews.

The JATS standard is available as both an online XML document and a freely downloadable PDF from the NISO website. Supporting documentation and schemas in DTD, RELAX NG, and W3C Schema formats are available at: jats.nlm.nih.gov/.

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IEEE approves dozens of standards and standards-development activities
- 16 Aug 2012

Professional association IEEE, US, has announced dozens of new, revised and reaffirmed standards and standards-development projects.

Among the new standards that have been published is IEEE 2200 – Standard Protocol for Stream Management in Media Client Devices. By defining interfaces for intelligently distributing and replicating content over heterogeneous networks, the standard is designed to support the delivery of rich media (such as high-definition and three-dimensional content) to portable devices in a way that is not limited by cost and available network bandwidth. IEEE 2200 is available for purchase at the IEEE Standards Store.

Detailed information on the standards and projects recently approved by the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) Standards Board is available at the IEEE-SA Standards Board Approval webpage.

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ORCID spells out structure of 16-digit identifier
- 09 Aug 2012

ORCID, an international, interdisciplinary, open and not-for-profit organisation, recently revealed information on what an ORCID identifier looks like.

The ORCID ID is a 16-digit number that is compatible with the ISO Standard (ISO 27729), also known as the International Standard Name Identifier (ISNI). Initially, ORCID IDs will be randomly assigned by the ORCID Registry from a block of numbers that will not conflict with ISNI-formatted numbers assigned in other ways. ORCID IDs always need all 16-digits - they cannot be shortened to remove leading zeros if they exist.

Only the ORCID Registry will assign ORCID IDs, either through the ORCID website, or the related APIs. ORCID IDs are intended to be assigned to individuals, and may be secured at no charge. The IDs will be assigned randomly from a block of numbers reserved for this purpose. (Initially IDs will be assigned between 0000-0001-5000-0000 and 0000-0003-5000-000X).

ORCID IDs will be expressed as an HTTP URI. The number will be proceeded by 'http://orcid.org/'. A hyphen will be inserted every 4 digits to aid readability, though if the hyphens are removed, the number still refers to the same ORCID ID.

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NISO and the DAISY Consortium publish new American National Standard Authoring and Interchange Framework
- 08 Aug 2012

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) and the DAISY Consortium announce the publication of the new American National Standard Authoring and Interchange Framework (ANSI/NISO Z39.98-2012). The standard defines how to represent digital information using XML to produce documents suitable for transformation into different universally accessible formats.

The standard is a revision, extension, and enhancement of Specifications for the Digital Talking Book (DTB), commonly referred to as the DAISY standard (ANSI/NISO Z39.86-2005(R2012)). The DAISY Consortium is the Maintenance Agency for both standards.

The A&I Framework standard will be of interest to any organisation using an XML authoring workflow, developers and publishers of universally accessible digital publications, and agencies interested in creating profiles for new document types to integrate into distribution formats, such as EPUB. Both the A&I Framework standard and the Digital Talking Book standard are available for free download from the NISO website (daisy.niso.org) and the DAISY website.

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IEEE launches Patent Pool Exploratory Forum for IEEE 802.11 standards
- 07 Aug 2012

Professional association IEEE, US, has announced the launch of the IEEE 802.11 Patent Pool Exploratory Forum. Through the forum, owners of patents essential to IEEE 802.11 standards will discuss licensing practices, options for licensing administration and other issues related to launching a patent pool for IEEE 802.11-2012 and appropriate extensions to the standard.

The IEEE 802.11 Patent Pool Exploratory Forum was formed at the request of IEEE members in order to foster one or more patent pools covering IEEE 802.11-2012 technologies. In May 2012, IEEE had announced the publication of IEEE 802.11-2012, which seeks to define the technology for the world’s premier wireless LAN products.

IEEE 802.11-based products are often branded as "Wi-Fi" in the market. IEEE 802.11 standards underpin wireless networking applications around the world, such as wireless access to the Internet from offices, homes, airports, hotels, restaurants, trains and aircraft. IEEE 802.11's relevance continues to expand with the emergence of new applications, such as the smart grid and the "Internet of Things."

The IEEE 802.11 Patent Pool Exploratory Forum is designed to promote the fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory availability of licences essential to IEEE 802.11 through patent pools. The forum intends also to examine how to streamline the process of pool formation in order to make such joint licensing programmes feasible for participation by a wider scope of industry members and for a wider selection of standards.

Thirteen companies are participating in the forum. Companies that have submitted or intend to submit Letters of Assurance covering IEEE 802.11 technologies are encouraged to participate in the IEEE 802.11 Patent Pool Exploratory Forum. To participate or learn more about the forum, contact Edward Rashba or Carter Eltzroth. The forum's next meeting is scheduled to be a teleconference at 6 pm Eastern August 29, 2012.

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IEEE standards to improve audio/video streaming and wireless network performance
- 01 Aug 2012

Professional association IEEE, US, has announced the publication of two IEEE 802.11 amendment standards. IEEE 802.11aa-20121 supports more robust audio and video streaming for IEEE 802.11 applications. IEEE 802.11ae-20122 improves network performance by prioritising management frames sent on an IEEE 802.11 wireless link.

IEEE 802.11aa contains several important new Quality of Service (QoS) features, including group-addressed transmission service, stream classification service, management of overlapping networks and support for the IEEE 802.1Q Stream Reservation Protocol.

The enhancements for the 802.11 MAC (Medium Access Control) layer are intended to deliver a host of benefits, including improved management of audio/video stream quality, link reliability and application performance in instances such as when channel capacity is insufficient or when WLANs overlap on the same radio channel.

IEEE 802.11ae defines a mechanism for prioritising management frames and a protocol for communicating prioritisation policy. IEEE 802.11ae enables a more sophisticated prioritisation capability that balances the need to move both network management information and data traffic and yields improved performance of IEEE 802.11 networks and the applications that use them. IEEE 802.11aa and IEEE 802.11ae are available for purchase at the IEEE Standards Store.

IEEE 802.113 defines the technology for premier wireless LAN products. IEEE 802.11-based products are often branded as "Wi-Fi" in the market. IEEE 802.11 standards underpin wireless networking applications around the world, such as wireless access to the Internet from offices, homes, airports, hotels, restaurants, trains and aircraft. IEEE 802.11's relevance continues to expand with the emergence of new applications, such as the smart grid and the "Internet of Things." For more information, visit the IEEE 802.11 working group web site.

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IEEE unveils standards projects to expand support for medical-device communications
- 26 Jul 2012

Professional association IEEE, US, has announced about four IEEE 11073 standards-development projects intended to expand support for plug-and-play, interoperable medical-device communications.

The projects, when approved by the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) Standards Board as official standards, will join a growing suite of standards designed to help healthcare product vendors and integrators create devices and systems for disease management, health and fitness and independent living.

The projects are IEEE P11703-10419 "Draft Standard for Health informatics—Personal health device communication—Device specialization—Insulin pump"; IEEE P11073-10441 Revision "Draft Standard for Health informatics—Personal health device communication—Part 10441: Device specialization—Cardiovascular fitness and activity monitor"; IEEE P11073-10404 Revision "Draft Standard for Health informatics—Personal health device communication—Device specialization—Pulse oximeter"; and IEEE P11073-10413 "Draft Standard for Health informatics—Personal health device communication—Device specialization—Respiration rate monitor".

To participate in the development of any of the four standards projects, please visit the IEEE 11073 PHD Working Group web page.

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IEEE forms study group to explore next-generation IEEE 802.3 BASE-T
- 24 Jul 2012

Professional association IEEE, US, has announced the formation of the IEEE 802.3 Next-Generation BASE-T Study Group. The new group is designed to measure industry interest and needs in the next generation of the IEEE 802.3 BASE-T family of technologies for Ethernet transmission over twisted-pair cabling.

Widely deployed for physical-layer connectivity in data centres, IEEE 802.3 BASE-T is said to represent the highest-volume Ethernet port type today. The technologies typically utilise server-uplink data rates of GB Ethernet and 10 GB Ethernet today, but platform transitions and systems innovation on all fronts are driving new networking requirements. The new study group will gauge the timing and needs of extending the standard to support industry needs for server connectivity and other applications.

Interested individuals are invited to contribute to the new IEEE 802.3 Next-Generation BASE-T Study Group. For more information, please visit the Next-Generation BASE-T Study Group Web site.

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Transfer launches new Enhanced Transfer Alerting Service
- 03 Jul 2012

Transfer, the UKSG-sponsored initiative to create a Code of Practice to follow when journals are transferred between publishers, has announced the release of its Enhanced Transfer Alerting Service (ETAS).

ETAS is a rapid alerting service that will allow publishers involved in a journal transfer to notify the various stakeholders by providing a standardised set of information relating to the exchange. This information will then be hosted in a searchable database, providing a simple and easily accessible way for librarians and other groups to find out about journal transfers involving the 36 currently endorsing publishers.

ETAS is the latest development from the Transfer Working Group and is a partnership of JISC, Mimas, UKSG and Cranfield University. It will replace the existing Transfer alerting service, which was not linked to a database. Data from the old alerting service system will also be migrated to ETAS.

The new service is now live at http://www.jusp.mimas.ac.uk/etas.

NISO to develop recommended practices for demand-driven acquisition of monographs
- 21 Jun 2012

The voting members of the US' National Information Standards Organization (NISO) have approved a new project to develop recommended practices for the Demand-Driven Acquisition (DDA) of Monographs. Many libraries have embraced DDA (also referred to as patron-driven acquisition) to present many more titles to their patrons for potential use and purchase than would ever be feasible under the traditional purchase model. If implemented correctly, DDA is seen to make it possible to purchase only what is needed, allowing libraries to spend the same amount of money as they previously spent on monographs, but with a higher rate of use.

However, this model requires libraries to develop and implement new procedures for adding titles to a "consideration pool", for keeping unowned titles available for purchase for some future period, often years after publication, for providing discovery methods of titles in the pool, establishing rules on when a title gets purchased or only temporarily leased, and how potential titles are discovered, and for handling of multiple formats of a title.

Individuals interested in participating in this working group should contact Nettie Lagace, Associate Director for Programs (nlagace@niso.org). An interest group list for this project will be available for those who would like to receive updates on the Working Group's progress and provide feedback to the group on its work.

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Thomson Reuters unveils enhanced version of Techstreet Subscriptions
- 13 Jun 2012

Industry codes and standards provider Techstreet, US, a business of the Intellectual Property & Science division of Thomson Reuters, has announced the launch of the newly enhanced ‘Techstreet Subscriptions’. This improved enterprise offering for web-based management and distribution of Techstreet information seeks to provide technical, engineering and R&D professionals with accurate and easy access to current and relevant industry standards.

The Techstreet Subscription service, which provides unlimited access to a controlled set of documents for multiple users in one or more locations, now has faster and more responsive search options to locate documents quickly. These include suggested search, filtered search and the ability to save searches for future use. Users can also learn of newly added, relevant industry standards with a new document notification centre for managing content alerts. A redesigned user interface offers a clean and modern look for easy navigation.

Techstreet uses advanced web technologies to speed delivery of industry codes and standards to engineers and technical professionals worldwide. According to the company, anyone can freely and easily search an online database of over 500,000 codes, standards and technical books aggregated from over 350 of the world’s leading authorities. Standards are available for individual purchase in PDF and print, or as an enterprise licence through Techstreet Subscriptions.

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NISO members approve project to formalise SIP as American National Standard
- 08 Jun 2012

The voting members of US-based National Information Standards Organization (NISO) have approved a new project to formalise the 3M Standard Interchange Protocol (SIP) as an American National Standard. Introduced in 1993, the SIP protocol provides a mechanism for Integrated Library Systems (ILS) applications and self-service devices to communicate seamlessly to perform self-service transactions. This protocol reportedly became a de facto standard around the world, and remains the primary protocol to integrate ILS and self-service devices.

Since the protocol's inception, 3M has continued to produce updated versions of it – the most recent being version 3.0 in late 2011. A NISO Working Group will now shepherd SIP 3.0 through the standardisation process of becoming an American National Standard.

Anyone interested in participating in the working group to review SIP 3.0 and prepare it for balloting as a NISO standard may contact NISO at nisohq@niso.org.

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IEEE to hold 802 University Outreach event to examine standards development
- 31 May 2012

Technical professional association IEEE, US, has announced the IEEE 802 LAN/MAN Standards Committee (LMSC) University Outreach Program to engage university and college students and faculty in standards development. IEEE 802 is developing standards that seek to improve communication for communities everywhere, with many positive results including longer battery life, faster Internet access, improved health and better security.

The first University Outreach day will be at the San Diego IEEE 802 Plenary on July 17. It will begin with an orientation session, and then continues with opportunities to observe the groups actually developing standards. The programme will conclude with a session soliciting questions and feedback from participants. Interested students and faculty can find additional information on and register at the July IEEE 802 University Outreach day website.

IEEE 802 plenary meetings are held three times per year, in March, July and November. Beginning with the July meeting in San Diego, the IEEE 802 plenary meetings will welcome college and university students and faculty to IEEE 802 University Outreach day at a special registration fee of only $25.

IEEE standards are part of a suite of standards that are said to be the foundation for the Internet. IEEE 802 standards such as IEEE 802.3 (Ethernet) and IEEE 802.11 (commonly known as Wi- Fi) are the primary way users reach the Internet. These standards have been essential for the growth of a global economic and social model that has touched billions of lives. Many other activities with similar potential impacts are currently underway in IEEE 802. IEEE has over 400,000 members in more than 160 countries involved in 38 societies and seven technical councils, representing the wide range of IEEE technical interests.

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Techstreet’s new online marketplace to provide oil and gas engineers with access to API publications and technical standards
- 23 May 2012

Techstreet, a Thomson Reuters Intellectual Property & Science business, has announced a new online marketplace for the American Petroleum Institute (API), designed to provide oil and gas engineers with immediate access to API best-in-class publications and technical standards. Techstreet created the architecture and is hosting the global online store for API at http://www.techstreet.com/api/apigate.html.

The new API online store uses advanced web technologies to provide customers with best practices for standards in health and safety, environmental protection, regulatory and legislative compliance and business operations. Seamless navigation, advanced search and one-click access to historical and redline documents provide accurate and immediate results among API's 600 technical standards and 1,000 research papers and publications. Customers can order print copies or quickly download PDF editions with full copyright protection.

The online store also includes time-saving account management tools, a publication and standards tracking alert service and other value added services such as Techpoint Customer Rewards programme for repeat customers.

The American Petroleum Institute claims to be the only national trade association that represents all aspects of America's oil and natural gas industry. More than 400 corporate members, from the largest major oil company to the smallest of independents, come from all segments of the industry. They are producers, refiners, suppliers, pipeline operators and marine transporters, as well as service and supply companies that support all segments of the industry.

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IEEE 802 standard designed to help reduce complexity and human error
- 09 May 2012

Technical professional association IEEE, US, has announced that it has approved the IEEE 802.1aq-2012 Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks: Bridges and Virtual Bridged Local Area Networks. Also known as Shortest Path Bridging (SPB), the standard will help dramatically reduce the complexity of Ethernet networks while increasing their scale.

Part of the IEEE 802 family of standards for local and metropolitan area networks, IEEE 802.1aq encompasses all functionalities of existing technologies, such as Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and Multiple MAC Registration Protocol (MMRP) into a single, easy-to-use link state protocol.

The new IEEE 802.1aq SPB standard is expected to significantly streamline the creation and management of enterprise, carrier, and cloud networks, and is designed to virtually eliminate human error during network configuration. IEEE 802.1aq preserves the plug-and-play nature that established Ethernet as the de facto protocol at Layer 2. It leverages a proven carrier-grade link state protocol for automatic and instantaneous building of the most logical, optimised topology between access points. This simplifies endpoint provisioning, decreases configuration burdens, and reduces errors. It also helps enable more dynamic deployments that are easier to use and maintain than other technologies.

Already being deployed by users around the world, IEEE 802.1aq consolidates multiple existing functionalities, including STP, Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol (MSTP), Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP), and MMRP in a one link state protocol.

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Brill announces participation in the Journal Usage Statistics Portal
- 05 Apr 2012

Academic publisher Brill, Netherlands, has announced its participation in the Journal Usage Statistics Portal (JUSP), a portal that provides a single point of access for usage statistics. Each University can now quickly and easily compare usage across various publishers, years and journals.

The new service was built in response to demand from the UK HE community. At a time of economic constraint, it is essential that libraries can evaluate usage and make a compelling case about the value of journal subscriptions, and COUNTER compliant data is vital in making such a case. However, obtaining and analysing COUNTER compliant data can be extremely labour intensive with each library having to visit each publisher's website and download their COUNTER compliant statistics. They then need to collate the datasets and analyse them.

The JUSP Portal provides a single point of access for usage statistics, meaning that each University can quickly and easily compare usage across various publishers, years and NESLi journals. This free service provides UK Universities with empirical evidence to inform the management and procurement of e-journals.

The Portal uses the SUSHI (Standardised Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative) protocol to collect the COUNTER compliant statistics, which are then displayed to each institution in an easy to read way. The portal provides tools to aid fast analysis and makes it possible for libraries to compare their usage of different publisher deals, to look at trends over time and to complete their annual SCONUL returns from participating publishers. Institutions will use this information to plan developments in their library systems that will aid resource discovery and increase usage.

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IEEE announces new, revised and reaffirmed standards and standards projects
- 21 Mar 2012

Technical professional association IEEE, US, has announced dozens of new, revised and reaffirmed standards and standards-development projects. LAN/MAN protection, high-voltage switching and gas-insulated substations are among the technology areas addressed in newly published IEEE standards. Detailed information on the standards and projects recently approved by the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) Standards Board is available on the IEEE-SA website.

Among the new standards that have been published are: IEEE 802.1Qbf; IEEE C37.30.1; and IEEE C37.122.2. Among the standards-development projects that IEEE-SA approved are: IEEE P802.15.9; IEEE P802.16.1a; IEEE P802.16.1b; and IEEE P802.22b.

IEEE-SA also reaffirmed standards, including IEEE C37.101 2006 – Guide for Generator Ground Protection. The guide is intended to assist protection engineers in applying relays and relaying schemes for protection against stator ground faults on various generator grounding schemes. It has been revised to reflect new stator ground protection principles. IEEE C37.101-2006 is available for purchase at IEEE Standards Store.

The IEEE Standards Association, a globally recognised standards-setting body within IEEE, develops consensus standards through an open process that seeks to engage industry and bring together a broad stakeholder community. IEEE standards set specifications and best practices based on current scientific and technological knowledge. The IEEE-SA has a portfolio of over 900 active standards and more than 500 standards under development. For more information visit the IEEE-SA website.

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Techstreet partners with SAE International and BSI to include industry standards in PDF format
- 06 Feb 2012

Techstreet, a Thomson Reuters business, has signed agreements with the Society of Automotive Engineers International and the British Standards Institution. The deal grants Techstreet additional rights to distribute industry-critical standards in PDF format for each organisation.

Engineering and technical professionals will now have a one-stop online location to access aerospace, automotive and British standards, quickly and easily at www.techstreet.com.

The SAE International catalogue contains over 9,300 individual standards covering design, manufacturing, operation and maintenance of vehicles in the automotive and aerospace industry. It also includes standards for self-propelled sea and space vehicles.

The BSI Standards Ltd catalogue contains over 50,000 standards in PDF format of which over 31,000 are current. It includes standards of UK origin, European standards from CEN/CENELEC and international standards from the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) which have been adopted into the UK system of standardisation. BSI’s coverage is pan-disciplinary and includes standards on building and civil engineering, materials and chemicals, engineering, electrotechnology, consumer products and services, healthcare, management systems and information technology. BSI standards are also available through Techstreet Subscriptions, a managed information solution providing unlimited enterprise access to an online standards library.

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Researchers agree on standard for data sharing across the world
- 30 Jan 2012

Over 50 collaborators at over 30 scientific organisations around the globe have agreed on a common standard that will make possible the consistent description of enormous and radically different databases compiled in fields ranging from genetics to stem cell science, to environmental studies. The collaborators were led in this effort by researchers at the University of Oxford and the Harvard Stem Cell Institute (HSCI) at Harvard University.

The new standard seeks to provide a way for scientists in widely disparate fields to coordinate each other's findings by allowing behind-the-scenes combination of the mountains of data produced by modern, technology driven science.

This standard-compliant data sharing effort and the establishment of its online presence, the ISA Commons - www.isacommons.org, is described in a commentary published in the latest issue of the journal Nature Genetics. The commentary is signed by all the collaborators.

ISA Commons is also being used at Harvard Medical School (HMS) by the HMS LINCS (Library of Integrated Network-based Cellular Signatures) project, led by Professors Peter Sorger and Timothy Mitchison.

The work was funded, by among others, the Harvard Stem Cell Institute, the US National Institutes of Health, and the UK's Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) and Natural Environment Research Council (NERC).

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IEEE SA approves three projects to enhance mobile video standards
- 12 Jan 2012

The IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) has announced an initiative intended to yield a host of inter-related mobile video standards. The approval of three standards-development projects - spanning varied challenges such as improving the quality of real-time mobile video communications, supporting more efficient and flexible methods for downloading or streaming video to mobile handsets and measuring the quality of 3D video experience - kicks off the new IEEE-SA initiative.

Video already accounts for more than half of all global mobile data traffic, and it is forecast to assume a steadily larger share of bandwidth on mobile networks in the coming years of growth. In anticipation of such growth, IEEE has launched its mobile video standards initiative with three development projects: IEEE P1907.1 'Standard for Network-Adaptive Quality of Experience (QoE) Management Scheme for Real-Time Mobile Video Communications'; IEEE P2200 'Standard Protocol for Stream Management in Media Client Devices'; and IEEE P3333 'Standard for the Quality Assessment of Three Dimensional (3D) Displays, 3D Contents and 3D Devices based on Human Factors.'

IEEE P1907.1 is being developed to define an end-to-end QoE management scheme for real-time video communication systems. Despite the rapid adoption of video-enabled smartphones and other devices, explosive growth in social media platforms and rising demand for user-generated video content, mobile consumers are often seen to experience video quality that lags far behind that of traditional broadcast mediums. IEEE P1907.1 is intended to dramatically enhance the user experience for real-time mobile video.

IEEE P2200 is being launched to enable more efficient downloading and streaming of high-quality content through the standardisation of time-shifted caching to mobile devices. By defining mechanisms by which video content could be queued for later delivery and to time-shift streams such that they are not as dependent on the network conditions available at the time of the request, the standard is intended to both improve user experience and relieve congestion on wireless networks.

IEEE P3333 is designed to establish methods of quality assessment of 3D displays, contents and devices based on human factors such as photosensitive seizures, motion sickness and visual fatigue. Developers of 3D monitors, display panels and signal processing engines and providers of 3D content such as movies and TV shows are among the broad range of stakeholders in IEEE P3333's development.

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New Issue of ISQ magazine focuses on benefits of standards implementation
- 22 Dec 2011

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) has announced the publication of the Fall 2011 issue of the Information Standards Quarterly (ISQ) magazine with a special issue theme of Standards Implementation Benefits.

In the issue's main feature article, Mary Jackson (Auto-Graphics, Inc.) quantifies the productivity benefits of implementing the NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol (NCIP) standard and illustrates the savings with case studies and before and after workflow comparisons. Gary Van Overborg, John Milligan and Michael Lee (Scholarly iQ) illustrate how their company, in its role as an intermediary between publishers and libraries in providing usage statistics, was able to improve services to both through their implementation of the Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative (SUSHI) protocol.

Mary E. Marshall (ADC) describes her experience with the American arm of an international publisher as an early implementer of SERU (Shared E-Resource Understanding) to streamline the journal licensing process. This is said to have saved time and costs for both the publisher and their library customers. John Sack (HighWire) provides an opinion piece to dispel the myth that standards prevent innovation, but explains how instead the two concepts can work together for the benefit of each.

ISQ is available in open access in electronic format on the NISO website. Both the entire issue and individual articles may be freely downloaded. Print copies are available by subscription and as print on demand.

ISQ is NISO's print and electronic magazine for communicating standards-based technology and best practices in library, publishing and information technology, particularly where these three areas overlap. The publication reports on the progress of active developments and also on implementations, case studies and best practices that show potentially replicable efforts.

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IEEE unveils new, revised and reaffirmed standards and development projects
- 14 Dec 2011

Technical professional association IEEE, US, has announced dozens of new, revised and reaffirmed standards and standards-development projects.

Among the new standards that have been published is IEEE 11073-30200a - Standard for Health Informatics - Point-of-Care Medical Device Communication - Part 30200: Transport Profile - Cable Connected - Amendment 1. This extends the IEEE 11073-30200 base standard for medical-device communications to include IEEE 802.3 100BASE-T and analysis of compatibility of cable connections between IEEE 11073-30200 and IEEE 802.3.

IEEE 11073-30200 communications services and protocols are designed to be optimised for use in patient-connected, bedside medical devices. It is available for purchase at the IEEE Standards Store.

Newly published revised standards include IEEE 1647 - Standard for the Functional Verification Language e. The standard contains a definition of the 'e' application-specific programming language syntax and semantics and describes how it might be used in automating the task of verifying a hardware or software design with respect to its specification. IEEE 1647 is available for purchase at the IEEE Standards Store.

IEEE-SA also reaffirmed standards, including IEEE 1547.1-2005 - IEEE Standard for Conformance Tests Procedures for Equipment Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems. The Smart Grid standard specifies the type, production and commissioning tests that might be performed to demonstrate that the interconnection functions and equipment of distributed resources conform to IEEE 1547 - IEEE Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems. IEEE 1547.1 is available for purchase at the IEEE Standards Store.

Among the standards-development projects that IEEE-SA approved are IEEE P1888.1 - Standard for a Ubiquitous Community Network: Control and Management; IEEE P1888.2 - Standard for Ubiquitous Green Community Control Network: Heterogeneous Networks Convergence and Scalability; and IEEE P1888.3 - Standard for Ubiquitous Green Community Control Network: Security.

All three standards projects are based on the protocols described in IEEE 1888 - IEEE Standard for Ubiquitous Green Community Control Network Protocol. IEEE P1888.1 is designed to describe the network gateway central access control and management policy through the extension of the existing interface protocol, message format and interactive processing in a ubiquitous green community network. IEEE P1888.2 is intended to extend the object definitions, message formats and communication protocols. IEEE P1888.3 is planned to describe security requirements for the ubiquitous green community control network and specify the system security architecture, procedures and protocols.

Detailed information on the standards and projects recently approved by the IEEE Standards Association Standards Board is available on the 2011 Board Approval webpage.

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NISO issues COUNTER-SUSHI Implementation Profile for public comment
- 09 Dec 2011

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) has announced the availability of NISO SUSHI Protocol: COUNTER-SUSHI Implementation Profile (NISO RP-14-201X) for a public comment period ending on January 20, 2012.

This Recommended Practice provides a practical implementation structure to be used in the creation of reports and services related to harvesting of COUNTER Release 4 reports using the NISO SUSHI Protocol. The Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting (SUSHI) Protocol was issued as a standard in 2007 to simplify and automate the harvesting of COUNTER usage reports by libraries from the growing number of information providers they work with.

COUNTER (Counting Online Usage of Networked Electronic Resources) is an international initiative that published their first Code of Practice in 2003 and issued Draft Release 4 of the COUNTER Code of Practice for e-Resources in October 2011. The comment period for the COUNTER-SUSHI Implementation Profile and COUNTER Release 4 end on the same date. XML schemas supporting the draft Implementation Profile and draft Release 4 of the Counter Code of Practice have also been published by NISO for review during the comment period.

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NLM unveils enhancement of drug naming standard for EHRs
- 23 Nov 2011

The US' National Library of Medicine (NLM) has enhanced the Drug Naming Standard for Electronic Health Records. The RxNorm standard clinical drug vocabulary produced by the NLM is now said to contain more accurate and complete connections between National Drug Codes (NDCs) and standard non-proprietary names of medications recommended for use in electronic health records (EHRs). NLM, a component of the National Institutes of Health, claims to be the world's largest medical library.

The RxNorm includes, for the first time, the complete set of NDCs from Thomson Reuters' Red Book, a drug database widely used in the healthcare industry. NDCs are product identifiers assigned by manufacturers and packagers of drugs in the US.

Accurate and complete connections between NDC product codes and RxNorm standard names and identifiers are seen to have many potential uses within an individual patient's EHR. These include the use of an NDC on a medicine bottle to speed standard data entry or to trigger an alert written in the RxNorm standard that could prevent a medication error.

The Red Book is expected to provide RxNorm with better linkages between branded drugs and their NDCs, information about whether or not drugs are still on the market, and Drug Enforcement Agency Class for controlled drugs. This additional information is instrumental in the production of the Current Prescribable Subset of RxNorm.

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IEEE and CCSA collaborate to foster innovations and promote worldwide use of information and communications technology standards
- 18 Nov 2011

Technical professional association IEEE, US, and the China Communications Standards Association (CCSA) have signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to collaborate in standards development activities. IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) and CCSA will work together to promote mutual interests and facilitate faster, better global standards development.

Under the terms of the MOU, IEEE-SA and CCSA will cooperate on standardisation efforts such as joint training and education programmes, research projects, and information sharing.

CCSA is the Chinese state-level Information Communication Technology (ICT) standards organisation with a membership of over 300 manufacturers, network operators, service providers, research bodies and academia in the communication field, which carries out research activities on information and communications technical standards. CCSA has the objective to adapt the Chinese communications market, to keep pace with global standardisation progress, to promote the activities on communications standardisation in China, and to make contributions to the global standardisation work.

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W3C announces first draft of standard for online privacy
- 15 Nov 2011

The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has published two first drafts - Tracking Preference Expression (DNT) and Tracking Compliance and Scope Specification - for standards that allow users to express preferences about online tracking. With this move, the consortium seeks to address rising concerns about privacy on the Web.

Tracking Preference Expression (DNT) defines mechanisms for users to express cross-site tracking preferences and for sites to indicate whether they honour these preferences. Tracking Compliance and Scope Specification defines the meaning of a 'Do Not Track' preference and sets out practices for websites to comply with this preference.

These documents are the early work of a broad set of stakeholders in the W3C Tracking Protection Working Group, including browser vendors, content providers, advertisers, search engines, and experts in policy, privacy, and consumer protection. W3C invites review of these early drafts, which are starting points of work to come. W3C expects them to become standards by mid-2012.

The participants in the Tracking Protection Working Group currently include people from 15 W3C members. Several invited experts include representatives from the Electronic Frontier Foundation, the US Federal Trade Commission (FTC), Consumer Watchdog, the German Independent Center for Privacy Protection (ULD) and Leiden University.

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NISO publishes recommended practice on single sign-on authentication
- 09 Nov 2011

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) has announced the publication of a new Recommended Practice, ESPReSSO: Establishing Suggested Practices Regarding Single Sign-On (NISO RP-11-2011). The ESPReSSO recommended practice is the result of the NISO Chair's Initiative - a project of the chair of NISO's Board of Directors, focusing on a specific issue that would benefit from study and the development of a recommended practice or standard. This recommended practice identifies practical solutions for improving the use of single sign-on authentication technologies to ensure a seamless experience for the user.

Oliver Pesch, Chief Strategist for E-Resource Access and Management Services at EBSCO Information Services and the 2008-2009 Chair of NISO's Board of Directors, chose the issue of standardising seamless, item-level linking through single sign-on (SSO) authentication technologies in a networked information environment, which resulted in the formation of the ESPReSSO Working Group.

Currently a hybrid environment of authentication practices exists, including older methods of userid/password, IP authentication, and/or proxy servers along with newer federated authentication protocols such as Athens and Shibboleth. The ESPReSSO recommended practice identifies changes that can be made immediately to improve the authentication experience for the user, even in a hybrid situation, while encouraging both publishers/service providers and libraries to transition to the newer Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML)-based authentication, such as Shibboleth.

The ESPReSSO Recommended Practice is available for free download from the NISO website at www.niso.org/publications/rp.

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NISO launches Open Discovery Initiative to develop standards and recommended practices for library discovery services
- 26 Oct 2011

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) voting members have approved a new Open Discovery Initiative work item to develop standards and recommended practices for next generation library discovery services.

Using an aggregated index search of a wide range of resources, licensed and free, from multiple providers, these discovery services have the ability to deliver more sophisticated services with instant performance, compared to the federated search techniques previously used.

With this initiative, NISO seeks to bring together the stakeholders in open discovery -libraries, information providers and discovery providers - to develop consensus standards or recommended practices on how to make these services more effective for all involved, and ultimately, for the end user. According to Todd Carpenter, NISO Managing Director, other areas of interest for the new Open Discovery Initiative may include a standard exchange of data describing what rights to the content apply within the discovery service and a standard approach to exchanging data in support of usage reports.

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International Digital Publishing Forum completes major revision to EPUB
- 13 Oct 2011

The International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF) has announced the completion of a major revision to EPUB, the global standard interchange and delivery format for eBooks and other digital publications. The IDPF membership unanimously voted to elevate EPUB 3.0 to a final IDPF Recommended Specification, publicly available at http://idpf.org/epub/30.

EPUB 3 was chartered in May 2010 and developed by a global working group of over 100 contributors, reaching 'Proposed Recommendation' status in May 2011. Based on HTML5, EPUB 3 adds support for rich media (audio, video), interactivity (JavaScript), global language support (including vertical writing), styling and layout enhancements, SVG, embedded fonts, expanded metadata facilities, MathML, and synchronisation of audio with text and other enhancements for accessibility.

EPUB 3 features have already been delivered by a number of Reading Systems and content authoring tools. Now that EPUB 3.0 is a final specification, superseding EPUB 2.0.1 as the current version of EPUB, the IDPF anticipates that comprehensive EPUB 3 support will be forthcoming from a number of solution providers during the coming year.

Industry stakeholders who publicly expressed support for EPUB 3 when it achieved 'Proposed Recommendation' status in May 2011 included Adobe, Apex, Association of American Publishers (AAP), CourseSmart, EAST, EDItEUR, Google, HOV Services, IDEAlliance, Ingram, Italian Publishers Association (AIE), Japan Electronic Publishers Association (JEPA), Kobo, Monotype, MPS, OverDrive, Publishers Association (UK), Random House, Sony, Voyager Japan, and the World Blind Union.

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NISO publishes Summer 2011 issue of the Information Standards Quarterly
- 26 Sep 2011

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) has announced the publication of the Summer 2011 issue of the Information Standards Quarterly (ISQ) publication with a special issue theme of Organization and People Identifiers. ISQ Guest Content Editor, Helen Henderson, Managing Director at Information Power Ltd. has assembled an expert group of authors to discuss the major standards and initiatives.

Identifiers have always been essential standards in libraries and publishing. Content identifiers, such as the ISBN, are well established, but institutional and personal identifiers are much newer, the need having emerged as more and more content is available electronically.

In the issue's main feature article, Janifer Gatenby (OCLC, B.V.) and Andrew MacEwan (The British Library) discuss the International Standard Name Identifier (ISNI), the new and much anticipated ISO standard for name identification. Martin Fenner (ORCID Outreach Working Group) follows with a description of the Open Researcher & Contributor ID (ORCID) initiative to create an open and global registry for unique author identifiers.

The JISC Names Project for establishing name authority for researchers is explained by Alan Danskin (The British Library), Amanda Hill (Mimas, University of Manchester), and Daniel Needham (Mimas), with particular emphasis on how the database is built and validated. Jody DeRidder describes a collaboration between the NISO Institutional Identifiers (I2) and ISNI projects to leverage the ISNI infrastructure for the assignment of identifiers to institutions, which was beyond the scope of the ISNI standard.

Geoff Bilder (CrossRef) provides an opinion piece on Identifiers and Trust, a particularly important issue when an identifier is for a person. And Louise Timko (R.R. Bowker) reminds us of a long-standing identifier for organisations, the Standard Address Number (SAN), and describes its use in the supply chain. The issue concludes with Noteworthy news items such as the new trial use NISO Recommended Practice on Test Modes for SUSHI Servers, the Mellon Foundation Grant that NISO received for E-Book Annotation Sharing Workshops, the Journal Usage Factors Project report, the ISO Focus+ Magazine now available for free, and the approval of the OpenURL Canonical Citation Profile.

ISQ is available in open access in electronic format on the NISO website. Both the entire issue and individual articles may be freely downloaded. Print copies are available by subscription and as print on demand.

Information Standards Quarterly (ISQ) is NISO's print and electronic magazine for communicating standards-based technology and best practices in library, publishing, and information technology, particularly where these three areas overlap. ISQ reports on the progress of active developments and also on implementations, case studies, and best practices that show potentially replicable efforts.

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IEEE ratifies standard for alternative approaches and best practices for Smart Grid work
- 20 Sep 2011

Technical professional association IEEE, US, has announced that IEEE 2030 - IEEE Guide for Smart Grid Interoperability of Energy Technology and Information Technology Operation with the Electric Power System (EPS), End-Use Applications, and Loads - has been approved and published. IEEE 2030 seeks to establish a globally relevant Smart Grid interoperability reference model and knowledge base. This can be used by utilities who are developing their infrastructure roadmaps, manufacturers who are planning Smart Grid systems and applications, scientists who are conducting research, governments who are crafting regulations, and by standards-development organisations (SDOs) who are writing additional standards for the Smart Grid.

IEEE 2030 is available for purchase at IEEE Standards Store. It is projected to provide alternative approaches and best practices for Smart Grid work worldwide and define terminology, characteristics, functional performance and evaluation criteria and the application of engineering principles for Smart Grid interoperability of the EPS with end-use applications and loads. Additionally, it defines design tables and the classification of data-flow characteristics necessary for interoperability, with emphasis on functional interface identification, logical connections and data flows, communications and linkages, digital information management, cyber-security and power generation usage.

Work has already commenced on three IEEE 2030 extensions - IEEE P2030.1, IEEE P2030.2 and IEEE P2030.3.

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IEEE-SA and KATS sign MoU to facilitate faster standards development
- 12 Sep 2011

Technical professional association IEEE, US, and the Korean Agency for Technology and Standards (KATS) have signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to cooperate in standards development and distribution. IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) and KATS will work together to promote mutual interests through global standards cooperation and to support continued economic growth on a global scale.

Both organisations expect that working together as new technologies emerge will facilitate faster, better global standards development.

Under the terms of the MOU, IEEE-SA and KATS will cooperate on standardisation efforts such as joint training and education programmes, research projects, and information sharing. Each organisation will bear its own costs, but the results derived from MOU activities will be jointly owned.

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IEEE and the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers collaborate on standards development
- 09 Sep 2011

Technical professional association IEEE, US, and the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers (KSAE) have announced that the two organisations have signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to collaboratively perform and promote regional and international standardisation. Working together, the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) and KSAE aim to encourage global communication, promote shared knowledge, and facilitate liaisons between technical groups.

While the MOU is open to multiple activities, the initial focus will be vehicular technologies and smart grid standards. Both organisations expect that fostering closer cooperation in these areas will leverage their mutual expertise and help them contribute to global technology growth.

Under the terms of the MOU, each organisation will freely exchange a variety of information, including details on specific standards development activities in areas of mutual interest, as well as resources such as members' newsletters.

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IEEE Standards Board approves projects to create four new standards
- 22 Aug 2011

Technical professional association IEEE, US, has announced that the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) Standards Board has approved projects for the creation of four new standards. They will address quality assessment of 3D displays, contents and devices; network communication at nanoscale; the digital microscope analysers, whole slide image scanners and digital microscopes that are used in clinical-laboratory medicine; and overhead contact systems (OCS) for transit vehicles.

When completed, IEEE P3333 - Standard for the Quality Assessment of Three Dimensional (3D) Displays, 3D Contents and 3D Devices based on Human Factors - will establish methods of quality assessment of 3D displays, contents and devices based on human factors such as photosensitive seizures, motion sickness and visual fatigue. It will also identify and quantify the causes of those factors. The standard is intended to address the need for accurate quality-assessment techniques as the demand and supply for 3D display devices grow.

IEEE P1906.1 - Recommended Practice for Nanoscale and Molecular Communication Framework - will contain a conceptual model and standard terminology for ad-hoc network communication at nanoscale. This project is designed to enable R&D in this area by focusing industry and academia on a common conceptual model, language and nomenclature for nanoscale communications. It will eventually allow a family of standards to be developed that will lead to the creation of the nanoscale communications mechanisms for various applications.

IEEE P1822 - Standard for Digital Microscope Analyzer, Whole Slide Image Scanner and Digital Microscope - will define electrical and mechanical specifications for three pieces of equipment used in clinical-laboratory medicine. The standard is intended to provide common terminology and test methods for describing device performance.

IEEE P1833 - Guide for the Design of Direct Current Overhead Contact Systems for Transit Systems - will develop performance requirements and design guidelines that control hazards, improve performance and reliability and reduce lifecycle costs for OCS. The guide will apply to the design of OCS used to power heavy- and light-rail vehicles, streetcars and electric trolleybuses, where traction power is supplied from a direct-current OCS with a nominal voltage of 600 Vdc and above.

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IEEE projects to revise standards for evaluating and reconditioning transformers
- 08 Aug 2011

Technical professional association IEEE, US, has announced that the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) Standards Board has approved two projects for the revision of standards for evaluating and reconditioning transformers.

The first is IEEE PC57.12.34 - Standard for Requirements for Pad-Mounted, Compartmental Type, Self Cooled, Three Phase Distribution Transformers, 10 MVA and Smaller; High Voltage, 34.5kV Nominal System Voltage and Below; and Low Voltage, 15kV Nominal System Voltage and Below. When completed, the standard will address certain electrical, dimensional and mechanical characteristics and safety features of transformers that are generally used for step-down or step-up purposes from an underground primary cable supply. It covers the connector, bushing and terminal arrangements for radial or loop-feed systems, as well as certain critical dimensions for these items necessary for proper safety and operational considerations. The standard's scope is being revised to account for the increasing size of step-up and step-down transformers in distribution systems.

The second is IEEE PC57.140 - Guide for Evaluation and Reconditioning of Liquid Immersed Power Transformers. This starndard will review and update a comprehensive document intended to aid users in selecting the proper approaches to upgrading, reconditioning, refurbishing or other activities in extending the useful life of transformers. Guidelines are provided for insulating oil maintenance and diagnostics, oil reclamation, testing methods for the determination of remaining insulation (paper) life and upgrades of auxiliary equipment such as bushings, gauges, de-energized tap changers, load tap changers where applicable and coil "reclamping."

The IEEE Standards Association seeks to develop consensus standards through an open process that engages industry and brings together a broad stakeholder community. IEEE standards set specifications and best practices based on current scientific and technological knowledge. The IEEE-SA has a portfolio of over 900 active standards and more than 500 standards under development. For more information see the IEEE-SA website.

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New IEEE standard offers directions for preparing design criteria documents for transmission lines
- 01 Aug 2011

Technical professional association IEEE, US, has announced that IEEE 1724 - Guide for the Preparation of a Transmission Line Design Criteria Document – has been approved and published. In addition, the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) Standards Board has approved a project to revise an existing standard on improving transmission lines' lightning performance.

IEEE 1724 provides a template to assist line design engineers in gathering and organising information in a coherent Design Criteria Document for overhead electric power transmission lines. The document addresses the need - with the retirement of experienced line design engineers - to provide a comprehensive discussion of the critical design parameters that are required to prepare the design of a reliable, economical transmission line that takes into account the requirements of the governmentally mandated codes and local conditions that can affect the reliability of the line. IEEE 1724 is currently available for purchase.

When completed, IEEE P1243 - Guide for Improving the Lightning Performance of Transmission Lines - will revise a guide covering all factors affecting the lightning flashover rate of overhead transmission lines with a phase-to-phase voltage exceeding 38kV and an average conductor height exceeding 10 meters. The guide assists engineers with understanding lightning impacts on electric power transmission lines and with applying methods to reduce the number of lightning-caused flashovers. It is being updated to address transmission-line surge arresters, which recently have been applied to improve lightning performance.

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IEEE publishes revised version of Standard for VHDL Analog and Mixed-Signal Extensions
- 26 Jul 2011

Technical professional association IEEE, US, has announced that a revision of IEEE 1076.1.1 - Standard for VHDL Analog and Mixed-Signal Extensions - Packages for Multiple Energy Domain Support - has been approved and published. In addition, the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) Standards Board has approved two projects for the revision of standards for the Very High Speed Integrated Circuits (VHSIC) Hardware Description Language (VHDL) reference manual and VHDL analogue and mixed-signal extensions.

IEEE 1076.1.1 defines a collection of VHDL packages, compatible with IEEE 1076.1, along with recommendations for conforming use, in order to facilitate the interchange of simulation models of physical components and subsystems. The packages include the definition of standard types, subtypes, natures and constants for modelling in multiple energy domains (electrical, fluidic, mechanical, etc.) The packages are intended for use primarily in the modelling of multiple energy domain systems.

When completed, IEEE P1076 - Standard for VHDL Language Reference Manual - will define the syntax and semantics of VHDL. Enhancements are intended to improve designer productivity by allowing more efficient specification of models or specification of functionality that was previously not possible or impractical via VHDL. The aim is also to improve design quality and to address the significant and growing portion of the electronic system design schedule that is being spent in ensuring a design is functionally correct before manufacturing. IEEE P1076.1 - Standard VHDL Analog and Mixed-Signal Extensions - will revise the existing standard to add selected new features to VHDL-AMS, a hardware description language for the description and the simulation of analog, digital and mixed-signal systems.

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IEEE to create standards to measure SAR in users of wireless communications devices
- 21 Jul 2011

Technical professional association IEEE, US, has announced three new standards projects that will address making spatial-peak Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) calculations for humans exposed to vehicle-mounted antennas and mobile phones. The IEEE Standards Association's Standards Board has approved the projects for the creation of the three standards for using the Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) technique in determining the peak SAR in people from wireless communications devices.

The benefits include standardised and accepted protocols and standardised anatomical models, validation techniques, benchmark data, reporting format and means for estimating the overall uncertainty in order to produce valid and repeatable and reproducible data.

When completed, IEEE P62704-1 will describe the concepts, anatomical models for compliance assessments, techniques, validation procedures, uncertainties and limitations of the FDTD technique when used for determining the spatial-peak SAR in standardised human anatomical models exposed to wireless communication devices. While IEEE P62704-2 will examine exposure to vehicle-mounted antennas, IEEE P62704-3 will apply to exposure to personal wireless devices such as mobile phones.

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Techstreet expands online offering of construction and safety industry codes and standards
- 30 Jun 2011

Techstreet, a Thomson Reuters business, has announced that it has signed agreements with a wide range of construction and safety standards publishers to distribute standards, manuals and codes online. The online availability of these standards will promote industry compliance, safety and public health by providing a central location for engineers, technicians and contractors to easily access critical information.

New Techstreet construction and safety standards include Air Movement and Control Association (AMCA); American Ladder Institute (ALI), also known as the ANSI A14 Ladder Standards; American Society of Sanitary Engineering (ASSE); International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials (IAPMO); International Safety Equipment Association (ISEA); International Electrical Testing Association (NETA); National Electrical Contractors Association (NECA); and Scaffold Industry Association (SIA).

These standards are part of a larger collection of leading construction and safety standards available at Techstreet, including ASTM, ISO, ASME, ASHRAE, AWS, ASSE (Safety), NFPA, IEEE and many more. Standards can be ordered quickly and easily online at www.techstreet.com. Users can choose to download standards immediately in PDF format, receive printed copies by overnight delivery or gain Web-based access for multiple users at various business locations through Techstreet Subscriptions.

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IEEE publishes amendment to 802.11 Wireless LAN standards
- 16 May 2011

Technical professional association IEEE, US, has announced that it has published an amendment - IEEE 802.11v-2011. The amendment defines mechanisms for IEEE 802.11 Wireless LAN(WLAN) devices to support enhanced Wireless Network Management (WNM) and operational troubleshooting capabilities, enable new location and time synchronisation applications, and provide additional power saving mechanisms. WNM protocols also enable managed transitions of client devices from one Access Pont device to another, providing additional standardised mechanisms for a WLAN network to manage client device traffic load.

Improved network measurement and diagnostics capabilities are said to be particularly useful to enterprises and service providers to support the deployment and management of large WLAN networks. The new location formats (civic format, and location by reference) are added to existing geo-location format location capabilities to support popular location based user applications. Network-based mechanisms that enable improved device power saving provide for extended battery life in WLAN devices.

Additional information can be found on the IEEE 802.11v page. To purchase the standard, users can visit the IEEE Standards Store.

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Techstreet announces new online marketplace for IEEE Standards Association
- 09 May 2011

Techstreet, a Thomson Reuters business, has announced a new online marketplace for the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Standards Association, to help speed innovation and ensure compliance by providing a central location for critical industry standards for engineering professionals. Techstreet created the architecture and is hosting the global online store for the IEEE Standards Association at http://standards.ieee.org/store.

Technical professionals who need access to computing, electrical engineering and electronic standards can now efficiently search the entire IEEE standards collection using state-of-the-art search engine technology for fast, accurate results.

The online store includes intuitive e-commerce functionality for easy online purchasing, time-saving account management tools, a standards tracking alert service and other features to effectively manage standards information. Users can order print copies or download digital editions with full copyright protection.

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IEEE-SA Standards Board approves revised standard for metric practice
- 29 Apr 2011

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), a technical professional association, has announced that the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) Standards Board has approved a revised standard for metric practice. The IEEE-SA has also published a revised standard in artificial intelligence.

The approved revision of standard, IEEE SI_10 - Standard for Metric Practice - will revise information on the international system of metric units (SI), which is a list of units recognised for use with SI and a list of conversion factors. It will also offer general guidance on style and usage. A list of older 'metric' units that should no longer be used will also be included.

The published IEEE 1232, designed for developers of diagnostic applications, addresses all the complex domain of system test and diagnosis and specifies formal semantic models for information exchange and services. IEEE 1232 is now available for purchase at the IEEE Standards Store.

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IEEE-SA and SAE International collaborate on Smart Grid and vehicle-electrification standards
- 28 Apr 2011

The IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) and SAE International have signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to establish a strategic partnership in vehicular technology related to the Smart Grid. With this initiative, IEEE-SA and SAE International are striving to create a more efficient and collaborative standards-development environment for the industry participants that they serve.

Both SAE International and IEEE-SA have made significant contributions in standards in areas such as plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), vehicle-to-grid (V2G) communications and power and the Smart Grid. SAE International Ground Vehicle Standards Technical Committees are leading the vehicle transportation industry in the development of standards to provide safer processes and practices for effective implementation of hybrid/electric vehicles. A total of 24 SAE International Ground Vehicle electrification committees with over 780 members have devloped 46 standards and are currently working on over 30 new standards in process.

IEEE has more than 100 standards and standards in development relevant to the Smart Grid, including more than 20 named in the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Framework and Roadmap for Smart Grid Interoperability Standards. Under terms of the MOU signed by IEEE-SA and SAE International in February 2011, each organisation will share its draft standards related to the Smart Grid and vehicle electricification for input from the other.

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Data contributed by First DataBank improves utility of drug vocabulary produced by NIH
- 10 Mar 2011

The RxNorm standard clinical drug vocabulary produced by the National Library of Medicine (NLM) now contains more accurate and complete connections between National Drug Codes (NDCs) and standard non-proprietary names of medications recommended for use in electronic health records (EHRs). It also includes, for the first time, First DataBank's set of NDCs. First DataBank is a provider of drug databases that are widely used in the healthcare industry.

NDCs are product identifiers assigned by manufacturers and packagers of drugs in the US. They are published on medication labels and packages and are often used in pharmacy inventory control and in dispensing and billing for drugs.

Accurate and complete connections between NDC product codes and RxNorm standard names and identifiers have many potential uses within an individual patient's EHR. These include the use of an NDC on a medicine bottle to speed standard data entry or to trigger an alert written in the RxNorm standard that could prevent a medication error.

At present, there is reportedly no single source that contains the NDCs for all medications currently marketed in the US. RxNorm has included NDCs provided by the Food and Drug Administration, the Department of Veterans Affairs, and the Multum and Gold Standard drug information sources for a number of years. Starting with the Feb. 7, 2011 release, RxNorm now includes a revised, filtered version of the NDC data that segregates obsolete NDCs from those currently in the marketplace. It also includes, for the first time, First DataBank's set of NDCs, which are widely used in the healthcare industry.

In a recently published study sponsored by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services and performed by the RAND Corporation and others, RxNorm was found to have entries for essentially all of the drugs in a sample of 19,743 ambulatory e-prescriptions (electronic prescriptions for patients seen in clinics or physician offices). Some e-prescriptions in the study sample failed to match automatically to an NDC in RxNorm, however. The inclusion of the First DataBank NDCs is likely to eliminate this gap.

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ISNI International Agency developing global standard to identify creative rights holders
- 25 Jan 2011

The ISNI International Agency, a UK-based non-for-profit organisation, is helping media companies prepare for the International Standard Name Identifier (ISNI), a new standard which will streamline the way creative rights holders are referenced on the Internet. The ISNI – Draft ISO 27729 is an ISO certified global standard designed to easily identify the millions of contributors to creative works, including writers, artists, creators, performers, researchers, producers and publishers.

The ISNI International Agency, which will be responsible for ISNI's administration and governance, was officially incorporated by its six founding members - CISAC, IFRRO, IPDA, ProQuest, OCLC and the Conference of European National Librarians (Represented by Bibliothèque Nationale de France and the British Library) - on December 22, 2010. The consortium members represent more than 300 rights management societies and 26,000 libraries worldwide.

While the Agency creates the ISNI reference database - assigning ISNI identifiers to over 5 million names - and begins building a network of ISNI Registration Agencies, media and content companies are preparing to integrate ISNI into their operations.

ISNI will reportedly make data exchange between all players in the value chain quicker, more accurate and cheaper. This in turn facilitates licensing of online services and legal access by the public to the content they want. In order for ISNI to reach its potential, widespread use by the business, research and technology sectors is said to be key. The ISNI International Agency will prepare the standard for industry adoption by first creating the initial ISNI database, which will allocate ISNI numbers to more than 5 million contributors. The database is scheduled for release to ISNI business partners by mid-2011.

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WHO to develop information standards for traditional medicine
- 08 Dec 2010

The World Health Organization (WHO) has announced that it will develop, for the first time, a classification of traditional medicine, paving the way for the objective evaluation of its benefits. The classification will initially focus on traditional medicine practices from China, Japan and the Republic of Korea that have evolved and spread worldwide.

The International Classification of Traditional Medicine project will assist in creating an evidence base for traditional medicine, producing terminologies and classifications for diagnoses and interventions. It will have an interactive web-based platform to allow users from all countries to document the terms and concepts used in traditional medicine.

Several countries have created national standards for the classification of traditional medicine, but there is no international platform that allows the harmonisation of data for clinical, epidemiological and statistical use, it has been observed. According to Dr Marie-Paule Kieny, Assistant Director-General of Innovation, Information, Evidence and Research at WHO, there is a need for this information to allow clinicians, researchers and policy-makers to comprehensively monitor safety, efficacy, use, spending and trends in healthcare.

WHO Classifications are used to capture key information on diseases, disability and interventions, and other indicators of population health. Main classifications such as the ICD (International Classification of Diseases), in use for more than 100 years worldwide, provide data on life expectancy, causes of death, and inform the plans and decisions of health authorities in many countries. The detailed information that is aggregated for public health purposes, using WHO classifications, often comes from health records, which are increasingly being held in electronic form.

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Techstreet announces plans to release new electronic version of the ASME' Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code
- 03 Aug 2010

Techstreet, part of the IP Solutions business of Thomson Reuters, has announced its plan to release Techstreet ASME BPVC Plus, a new electronic version of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers' Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. The new offering includes single-user online access to PDF files through Techstreet Subscriptions, in addition to the 2010 printed loose-leaf edition.

This partnership enables ASME to offer new and innovative information solutions to better meet the needs of the global engineering community, like the Techstreet ASME BPVC Plus. The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code is used in more than 100 countries and has been adopted by all 50 US states. It is on a three-year revision cycle; the 2010 edition was scheduled for release in July.

ASME helps the global engineering community develop solutions to real world challenges. Founded in 1880 as the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, ASME is a not-for-profit professional organisation that enables collaboration, knowledge sharing and skill development across all engineering disciplines, while promoting the vital role of the engineer in society. ASME codes and standards, publications, conferences, continuing education and professional development programs provide a foundation for advancing technical knowledge and a safer world.

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IHTSDO and WHO collaborate to harmonise WHO classifications and SNOMED CT
- 26 Jul 2010

The International Health Terminology Standards Development Organisation (IHTSDO) has announced a collaborative arrangement with the World Health Organization (WHO). The deal is to harmonise WHO classifications and SNOMED CT for the benefit of citizens around the world. WHO Classifications and SNOMED CT are complementary tools. When used together appropriately, they make it easier to summarise information from individual patients' health records into aggregate results needed for health policy, health services management and research.

WHO Classifications are used to capture key information on diseases, disability and interventions and other indicators of population health. Main classifications such as the ICD (International Classification of Diseases), in use for more than 100 years worldwide, provide data on life expectancy, causes of death, and inform the plans and decisions of health authorities in many countries. The detailed information that is aggregated for public health purposes, using WHO classifications, often comes from health records, which are increasingly being held in electronic form.

Electronic health records (EHRs) contain information that is important for the care of individuals, such as health problems, and care plans. Summaries of information in EHRs, extracted in a way that respects privacy of patients, are also crucial for management, health financing and general health system administration. As a result, the accuracy and consistency of EHRs is crucial for both patient care and to ensure sound management of health systems resources.

SNOMED CT, a standardised health terminology, can help to represent clinically relevant information in a consistent, reliable, and comprehensive way in EHRs. The terminology is used to help patients and their care providers capture more detailed key information on disease, disability, and interventions in patients' health records. Managed by the IHTSDO, it is used for this purpose and others in countries around the world.

This new agreement supports the aims of WHO and IHTSDO to enhance health through better health information. Synergies between WHO classifications and SNOMED CT have the potential, through better information, to improve the accuracy, reliability, and quality of health and healthcare; to eliminate gaps in information; and to control costs.

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IEEE launches Get IEEE 1685 for free access to standard for automated design
- 15 Jun 2010

Engineering professionals association IEEE has announced the launch of Get IEEE 1685, a website where users can download the current version of the standard for automated design environments, free of charge. IEEE 1685 is projected as the first standard description of Intellectual Property blocks in highly automated design environments. It is seen to provide the electronics industry with a way to make use of IP blocks in a manner that is both easier and more affordable.

The standard is based on material originally developed by The SPIRIT Consortium, now part of Accellera, which transferred its copyright to the IEEE to facilitate the completion of a standard that would be widely accepted by industry.

IEEE 1685, 'Standard for IP-XACT, Standard Structure for Packaging, Integrating and Re-Using IP Within Tool-Flows,' describes an XML Schema for meta-data documenting Intellectual Property (IP) used in the development, implementation and verification of electronic systems and an Application Programming Interface (API) to provide tool access to the meta-data.

Get IEEE 1685 provides free access to the current, active version of the standard in PDF form at no cost to end-users. IEEE retains the copyright on the standard.

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STIX Fonts version 1.0 released
- 31 May 2010

The Scientific and Technical Information Exchange (STIX) Fonts, after more than 10 years in development, are now available for free download at www.stixfonts.org. These Unicode-based OpenType fonts have been designed to support the full range of characters and symbols needed in STM publishing, for both print and online formats. The fonts include more than 8,000 glyphs in multiple weights, sizes, and slants and support the complete range of Latin alphabets, as well as Greek and Cyrillic. The largest component of the fonts is devoted to the thousands of mathematical operators and technical symbols necessary to report research.

The STIX Fonts project is an activity of the STI Pub companies. STI Pub is a consortium of publishers of mathematical, scientific, and technical books and journals. These organisations have come together to promote their common interests in the area of scientific and technical publishing, including the development of pre-competitive publishing standards and technologies.

The initial release (version 1.0) provides the STIX Fonts as a set of 23 OpenType fonts, a format suitable for use by most dedicated STM typesetting programmes, equation editors, and other applications. A second release (version 1.1) containing advanced OpenType support required by applications like Microsoft Office will follow by the end of 2010. The third release (version 1.2) will be a set of Type 1 fonts suitable for use with LaTeX, a standard tool in the mathematics and science communities and is expected to be completed in 2011.

The STIX Fonts are released under the SIL Open Font License (OFL), a license designed specifically for collaborative font projects and to provide a free and open framework in which fonts may be shared and improved in partnership with others.

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CMSS issues voluntary code to ensure transparent writing collaboration in scientific publications
- 14 May 2010

The Council of Medical Specialty Societies (CMSS), representing over 30 member organisations, has recently adopted a Code for Interaction with Companies. CMSS has issued the voluntary code to help ensure that medical society interactions with industry meet the highest ethical standards as they relate to transparency and independence.

Many of the principles covered in the Code define the manner in which societies should ensure independent control of educational and scientific programmes and advocacy positions. The Code further defines the need for societies to prohibit submission of 'ghostwritten' manuscripts prepared for or on behalf of industry companies.

The International Society for Medical Publication Professionals (ISMPP), an independent, non-profit organisation that seeks to support medical publishing via open exchange and debate of relevant issues, endorses transparent writing collaboration in scientific publications and medical society guideline prohibiting ghostwriting. The society supports full potential conflict of interest and financial disclosures, and all efforts to discourage ghostwriting, while acknowledging the appropriate role of professional medical writers.

Medical organisations such as the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) have also previously clearly distinguished ghostwriting from transparent professional writing collaboration in scientific publications. AAMC defined ghostwriting as the provision of written material that is officially credited to someone other than the writer(s) of the material. Transparent writing collaboration with attribution between academic and industry investigators, medical writers, and/or technical experts is not ghostwriting. AAMC further notes that unacknowledged, undisclosed provision of content should not be permitted under any circumstances.

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Techstreet and NFPA sign agreement for access to fire and electrical safety codes
- 04 Mar 2010

Techstreet, part of the IP Solutions business of Thomson Reuters, has announced an agreement with the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to offer enterprise access to fire and electrical safety codes in PDF format through its web-based enterprise portal, Techstreet Subscriptions.

Techstreet has had access to the NFPA codes in print format since 2003. The new agreement extends the offering to electronic documents and enterprise-wide subscriptions. Enterprise-access subscribers can add other related content to create a comprehensive, online standards library tailored to their industry needs.

Techstreet uses advanced web technologies to speed delivery of mission-critical codes and standards to engineers and technical professionals worldwide. Users can freely search an online database of 500,000 codes, standards and technical books aggregated from over 200 of the world’s leading authorities. Standards are available for individual purchase in print or PDF format, or an enterprise license through Techstreet Subscriptions.

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