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Library > Data Management > Accessibility/Conversion/Preservation/Archiving > Public Access> Library Information - Institutional Subscriptions
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New sponsorship model to broaden arXiv membership
- 27 Jan 2017

A new sponsorship model for arXiv.org aims to encourage more libraries and research institutions around the world to support the repository by becoming members.

To help broaden membership, arXiv's leadership and Anurag Acharya, co-creator of Google Scholar, have worked together to develop a model in which individual sponsors provide membership fees for institutions unable to afford them. To help launch this model, Acharya has sponsored the membership fees for three leading physics research institutions in India.

Finding new, sustainable funding avenues to support current operations and upgrades of its aging code has been an important effort for the arXiv team.

arXiv.org is maintained and operated by Cornell University Library with guidance from the Scientific Advisory Board, the Member Advisory Board and the help of numerous subject moderators. Its financial support comes from the Simons Foundation, Cornell University Library, and a global collective of 200 institutional members.

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Alfred P. Sloan Foundation awards grant for arXiv upgrade
- 30 Nov 2016

arXiv.org, the influential open access repository for global scientific research, will begin the first phase of a three-year overhaul and modernization with the help of a $445,000 grant by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

The Sloan Foundation grant will fund the creation of a detailed blueprint for next-generation arXiv – to be known as arXiv-NG – allowing planners to establish new partnerships, identify necessary resources and build a core development team to lead the modernization process.

As arXiv celebrated its 25th anniversary this year, the site's leadership embarked on a wide-ranging planning effort to determine its future course, including a user study. Around 95 percent of that survey's 36,000 respondents said they were satisfied with arXiv, and most called for no major changes to arXiv's key mission of quickly disseminating scientific research.

Many users said they would like to see improvements in areas such as arXiv's search function, but because of the site's aging code and infrastructure, these kinds of changes are difficult to implement. Informed by the results of this planning process, arXiv-NG will be a more flexible service that can more readily accommodate new features and external collaborations.

arXiv-NG is being supported through the Sloan Foundation's Scholarly Communication program, which makes grants aimed at empowering research by supporting the development of technologies and practices that allow scientists to communicate more effectively as a community.

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arXiv adopts new business model, gets grant from Simons Foundation
- 29 Aug 2012

arXiv, a US-based free repository that has reportedly revolutionised the way scientists share information, has announced that it is adopting a new governance and business model. An operating grant from the Simons Foundation, Cornell University Library has helped arXiv take a major step toward sustainability. Beginning in January and running through 2017, the Simons Foundation will provide up to $300,000 per year as a matching gift for the funds generated through arXiv’s membership fees. The grant also provides $50,000 per year as an "unconditional gift" that reportedly recognises the Library’s stewardship of arXiv.

The Cornell University Library is seen to have been steering arXiv toward sustainability since January 2010, when it launched an initiative to create a business model that would engage libraries and research laboratories that benefit most from arXiv's service. A 2011 planning grant from Simons Foundation helped arXiv's leaders develop operating principles and establish a governing board for the new model.

Annual membership fees, paid by voluntary contribution from these institutions, help cover arXiv’s costs — and, now, will provide a sum for the Simons Foundation to match.

The newly established model has garnered partners all over the globe. To date, more than 120 member institutions in over a dozen countries have pledged their support, totalling $285,000. Among the 100 institutions that use arXiv most heavily, nearly three-quarters committed to five-year pledges.

arXiv has been based at Cornell since founder Paul Ginsparg joined the faculty in 2001. The repository includes research in physics, mathematics, statistics, computer science and related disciplines. As an open access service, it allows scientists to share "preprint" research before publication and reportedly boasts hundreds of thousands of contributors. In 2011 alone, arXiv saw close to 50 million downloads from all over the world and received more than 76,000 new submissions.

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Cornell University Library seeks financial support for online scientific repository
- 25 Jan 2010

Cornell University Library, one of the leading academic research libraries in the US, is broadening the funding base for its online scientific repository, arXiv. Nearly 600,000 e-prints - research articles published online in physics, mathematics, statistics, computer science and related disciplines - now reside in arXiv, which claims to be an open information source for hundreds of thousands of scientific researchers.

arXiv will remain free for readers and submitters, but the Library has established a voluntary, collaborative business model to engage institutions that benefit most from arXiv. The 200 institutions that use arXiv most heavily account for more than 75 percent of institutional downloads. Cornell is now asking these institutions for financial support in the form of annual contributions. Most of the top 25 institutions have already committed to helping arXiv. Institutions that have already pledged support include California Institute of Technology; University of California, Berkeley, University of Cambridge (UK), CERN - European Organization for Nuclear Research (Switzerland), CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France), Columbia University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Max Planck Society (Germany), among others.

The proposed funding model is viewed as a short-term strategy, and the Library is actively seeking input on a long-term solution. Currently, Cornell University Library supports the operating costs of arXiv, which are comparable to the costs of the university's collection budget for physics and astronomy. As one of the most influential innovations in scholarly communications since the advent of the Internet, arXiv's original dissemination model represented the first significant means to provide expedited access to scientific research well ahead of formal publication.

Researchers upload their own articles to arXiv, and they are usually made available to the public the next day. arXiv, founded by physics professor Paul Ginsparg, has about 400,000 users and serves more than 2.5 million article downloads per month.

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Library Associations raise Google Book Search pricing concerns to DOJ
- 21 Dec 2009

The American Library Association (ALA), the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) and the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) recently sent a letter to the US Department of Justice (DOJ) asking for ongoing judicial oversight of the Google Book Search settlement, if approved.

The library associations have urged the DOJ to request the court to review the pricing of the institutional subscriptions to ensure that the economic objectives set forth in the settlement agreement are met. Libraries, as the potential primary customers of institutional subscriptions, are concerned that the absence of competition could result in profit-maximising pricing.

The associations also expressed disappointment with the DOJ’s failure to urge the parties to the settlement, which include Google, the Authors Guild and the Association of American Publishers, to require representation of academic authors on the Book Rights Registry board. As the groups explained in their filings with the court and in their meeting with the DOJ, academic authors wrote the vast majority of the books Google will include in its database. According to the associations, without representation of academic authors, the Books Rights Registry may establish a pricing model that maximises profit rather than public access to academic works.

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