Concern over the reliability of published biomedical results grows unabated. Frustration with this 'reproducibility crisis' is felt by everyone pursuing new disease treatments: from clinicians and would-be drug developers who want solid foundations for the preclinical research they build on, to basic scientists who are forced to devote more time and resources to newly imposed requirements for rigour, reporting and statistics. Tightening rigour across all experiments will decrease the number of false positive findings, but comes with the risk of reducing experimental efficiency and creativity. Bolder ideas are needed. What is being proposed here is a compromise between the need to trust conclusions in published papers and the freedom for basic scientists to explore and innovate.
Our life is now slowly becoming digital. From books to bank accounts, shopping to entertainment, everything is now very easily available online with just a click of a mouse or even on your fingertips alibi through smartphones. As we slowly turn to digital way of life, we are leaving behind a lot of things that made our growing up years significant. Of those, books and the feeling of holding a hard bound book in your hand and reading your favourite stories is one memory that is slowly fading away all thanks to the influx of e-books and e book readers in the market. While many feel that e-books are far more practical, economical and environment friendly, there are many who still abide by the concept of reading from paperbacks.
The European Commission has set new rules that remove geographic limitations on where EU residents can access their digital content such as digital books, video games, music and more. The move comes just a week after the EU agreed to end mobile roaming charges, starting this summer. It comes just two years after the EU unveiled its ambitious Digital Single Market plan to remove borders from e-commerce and digital services. The move is the first agreement related to the modernisation of EU copyright rules. As a result, Europeans will soon be able to fully use their online subscriptions to films, sports events, e-books, video games or music services when travelling within the EU.
Books and publishing ecosystem has undertaken a change, owing to the advent of e-books as an effective substitute to physical formats, making literature more verbose and portable. E-books have found preference amongst the younger generation, which can be contributed to its versatility and even the corporate arena, alongside the educational system is taking the in new digital format. The exponential growth has transpired due to factors such as digital boom; low production cost, nominal investments, and decreased storage costs while covering a larger base in an efficient manner. Publications are reinventing their methods since an increasing number of their readers have been opting to go online for consumption of books. This move has motivated traditional publication houses to make their foray into digital for visibility and profits.
Foundations have been throwing their weight around for a while in the fight for open access to research, a contentious issue in academia in which proponents seek to break down steep paywalls and stodgy practices of journals. A lot of the philanthropic participation has emerged in the form of traditional grantmaking toward projects like online platforms to exchange information, convenings on open science, and even an entire philanthropy-backed, open access journal. But another way that funders, especially the big ones, wield influence on the issue is by setting ground rules on openness when it comes to the work done on their dime. One of the biggest actors in this space is the Gates Foundation, and its flexing to get journals to open things up just got real.
This report examines how peer review can be improved for future generations of academics and offers key recommendations to the academic community. The report is based on the lively and progressive sessions at the SpotOn London conference held at Wellcome Collection Conference centre in November 2016. It includes a collection of reflections on the history of peer review, current issues such as sustainability and ethics, while also casting a look into the future including advances such as preprint servers and AI applications. The contributions cover perspectives from the researcher, a librarian, publishers and others.
Publishers wanting to develop long-term content strategies to increase the value of their scholarly book programs must consider chapter-level metadata, particularly abstracts, to stay competitive. The long-term benefits of investing in abstracts for the backlist and building production workflows into new releases are supported by publishers, aggregators, librarians, and researchers alike. As technology rapidly changes, and publishers face increased pressure to grow revenue, abstracts are a clear opportunity for publishers to meet these demands. This white paper examines the return on investment publishers in humanities and social science fields may gain by adding chapter-level abstracts and curated keywords to their metadata.
This report, commissioned by BSN 4 and BSN 7, is concerned with the new ways in which open access journals can be editorialised. The transition to open access has accelerated in recent years. Several countries have established a legal framework to secure the depositing of articles in open archives (in France, a provision of this type is included in the Digital Bill). In May 2016, the Council of the European Union called for open access to be made a "default option" in all Member States by 2020.
A study has developed scenarios for transitioning Switzerland's scientific publication system towards Open Access (OA). It recommends a model that proposes a pragmatic and flexible way of making publicly funded research freely available at no charge and with no delay. The study was initiated by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) in collaboration with the funding programme 'Scientific Information' (SUC P-2) run by swissuniversities. In 2015, the libraries at Switzerland's higher education institutions paid a total of 70 million Swiss francs in licences and subscriptions to publishing houses in order to make more than 2.5 million scientific articles available. Researchers spent a further 6 million Swiss francs on article processing charges so they could have their results published in open access mode in a scientific journal. These figures were generated by an initial analysis of financial flows in the Swiss higher education system.
Open Access to research is a public benefit which enhances transparency, scientific integrity and rigour, stimulates innovation, promotes public engagement, and improves efficiency in research. The UK is widely recognised as being the leading nation in the Open Access and Open Data movements. This is both underpinned by, and underpins, the UK's position as second only to the USA as a leading research power. This document presents the background, evidence base and details of advice from Professor Adam Tickell, Provost and Vice-Principal, University of Birmingham and Chair of the Universities UK Open Access Coordination Group, to the Minister for Universities and Science, Jo Johnson MP, following his letter of request dated 22 July 2015. This paper does not cover Open Access monographs, other than to note that the UUK OA Coordination Group will convene a working group to make progress and further recommendations.
What can sales data tell us about e-book adoption and digital reading habits? In this presentation Len Vlahos, Executive Director of the Book Industry Study Group (BISG), takes a close look at book industry statistics from the publisher's perspective, identifying trends related to global e-book adoption, and answering questions about where digital reading is going, to help publishers and libraries prepare for the future.
At the annual Project Muse Publishers Meeting held in Baltimore, Todd Carpenter, Executive Director of NISO (National Information Standards Organization), shared a presentation with attendees about his organization and current projects and initiatives they're working on. Following what NISO is up to is a useful (and interesting) way to monitor emerging and current trends/technology as well as seeing how current standards are being adapted for the changing landscape.
The survey is a follow up to Wiley's 2012 open access author survey and is the second such survey conducted by Wiley. Consistencies were seen between the 2012 and 2013 surveys in authors' desire to publish in a high-quality, respected journal with a good Impact Factor, but the survey also shed light on differences between early career researchers (respondents between the ages of 26-44 with less than 15 years of research experience) and more established colleagues in their opinions on quality and licenses. Differences were also seen across funding bodies and in the funding available for open access to different author groups.
Dr. Charles Kurzman, Professor of Sociology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, presented "Shifts in Scholarly Communications Among World Regions" at the OCLC Research Briefing at UNC Chapel Hill on June 7, 2013. At this event, Dr. Kurzman presented his research on changing academic attention to world regions over the past 50 years, "attention" as measured by analyzing works published about each region of the world and collected in U.S. academic libraries for each year of publication since 1958. The patterns that emerge from this research will help to inform social scientists and educational policymakers about trends and possible gaps in scholarly attention to different regions of the world.
These 201 slides from a pre-con tutorial titled, 'Introduction to Linked Open Data (LOD)' was presented on September 2, 2013 at Dublin Core 2013 (DC-2013) in Lisbon, Portugal. The instructor was Ivan Herman, Semantic Web Activity Lead at the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The goal of the tutorial is to introduce the audience into the basics of the technologies used for Linked Data. This includes RDF, RDFS, main elements of SPARQL, SKOS, and OWL. Some general guidelines on publishing data as Linked Data will also be provided, as well as real-life usage examples of the various technologies.