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Watch dogs: Scientific integrity at Science Advances

As a AAAS/Science-family journal, Science Advances is committed to publishing innovative, original research that significantly advances the frontiers of science. Their success in this mission to date is anchored in part in the commitment of their authors to adhere to the highest levels of integrity in the conduct and reporting of their studies, which in turn yield the sterling quality of the submissions we publish. Most researchers adhere to these standards because they understand that the advancement of science is predicated on the conduct of research that is grounded in ethical, transparent, and reproducible methods. Science Advances upholds and promotes excellence in research and, therefore, strives to ensure that all the work published has been conducted with the highest levels of scientific integrity.
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Intellectual Corruption and Peer Review

Three scholars have published a slew of intentionally ridiculous papers at major peer-reviewed "scholarly" journals designed to expose the intellectual corruption of parts of academia. The papers make intentionally absurd arguments or present highly implausible (and fabricated) data to justify overturning supposedly (or actually) oppressive and inegalitarian systems of power and status. The full article revealing what was essentially an elaborate intellectual sting operation - designed to reveal the massive failures of peer review in some disciplines.
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What a massive database of retracted papers reveals about science publishing's 'death penalty'

Nearly a decade ago, headlines highlighted a disturbing trend in science: The number of articles retracted by journals had increased 10-fold during the previous 10 years. Fraud accounted for some 60% of those retractions. Although statistics were sketchy, retractions appeared to be relatively rare, involving only about two of every 10,000 papers. Sometimes the reason for the withdrawal was honest error, not deliberate fraud. And whether suspect papers were becoming more common-or journals were just getting better at recognizing and reporting them-wasn't clear. Still, the surge in retractions led many observers to call on publishers, editors, and other gatekeepers to make greater efforts to stamp out bad science.
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How to Access Paywalled Scientific Journal Articles

Scientific journal articles are not the same as news stories in magazines or newspapers. These journals are publications that exist to publish scientific papers, and they are typically peer-reviewed: when the journal receives a paper from a scientist, they send it to other scientists and ask whether the paper is worth publishing. Traditionally, no money changes hands between the scientists and the journal. The journal then charges readers. This model was solidified in the days when journals were all printed on paper and you had to buy them. Libraries would buy subscriptions, of course. But now that everything is digital, libraries pay subscription fees to provide access to their patrons.
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Preprints Don't Promote Confusion - so Taking Them Away Won't Fix Anything

Pressures on the first two fronts are forcing journals to stay relevant in newer ways. A big source of such pressure is the availability of preprints - i.e. manuscripts of papers made available by their authors in the public domain before they have been peer-reviewed. Preprint repositories like arXiv and biorXiv have risen in prominence over the last few years, especially the former. They are run by groups of scientists - like volunteers pruning the garden of Wikipedia - that ensure the formatting and publishing requirements are met, remove questionable manuscripts and generally - as they say - keep things going. Scientific journals typically justify their access cost by claiming that they have to spend it on peer review and printing. Preprints evade this problem because they are free to access online and are not peer-reviewed the way 'published' papers are. In turn, the reader who wishes to read the preprint must bear this caveat in mind.
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