Blogs selected for Week December 30, 2019 to January 6, 2020 -



1. 5 Things We Learned About Peer Review in 2019

For something so fundamental to the practice of science, it’s perplexing that it took so long for serious research into editorial peer review to get off the ground. The earliest experimental study was published in 1977, and there still aren’t many of them. The data came from only one journal and it wasn’t a dramatic phenomenon. So there are big caveats here. Still, this study adds some substance to the theory that editors selecting peer reviewers could be influencing future co-authorship. And it certainly broadens the perspective we should have of peer review’s potential impact. Hilda Bastian, in this post in the Plos Blog, puts together 5 things learned about Peer Review in 2019.

The Blog post says (quote): The first is an example of editorial review in ancient Rome. The second is an example of post-publication peer review involving scholia, beginning in the fourth century. The third is an example of pre-publication review by censors in the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries… What they now give the name peer review is really a group of things that has evolved over time. If they want to learn from the history of scholarly review, then they should take a broader and longer view............ (Unquote)

The full entry can be read: Here.

2. What to Expect in the Publishing World in 2020

The global push for open access has ramped up in recent years, with efforts from both academic institutions and funding agencies to make more of their content freely available to the public. There were some major developments in 2019—and there are likely to be more in 2020. In this post in the Scientist Blog, Diana Kwon, through this post in the Scientist Blog, takes a look at what to keep an eye out for in the coming year.

The Blog post says (quote): Recent revelations about ethical violations in Chinese government-based research may make some academics wary of the country’s efforts to broaden its influence in the scientific publishing space. This month, an investigation from The New York Times sparked an outcry from the global scientific community when it revealed that journals—including ones belonging to international publishers like Springer Nature—were publishing papers based on studies conducted with DNA from Uighurs, an ethnic minority population in China, without verification of proper consent............ (Unquote)

The full entry can be read: Here.

3. Here’s how Corporate Information Professionals Can Build Awareness for Information Services in 2020

Corporate information centers and knowledge managers have always had to justify their budgets and often attempt to calculate the return on investment that their organization receives from the information center’s services. They gather and analyze data on usage, expenses and time saved to demonstrate the value provided for the information center’s budget. While these metrics are useful, they may not adequately convey the full impact of the services provided by today’s information centers. In addition to straightforward calculations of time and money saved, information centers are offering new types of services that do not easily lend themselves to a simple ROI calculation. Instead of talking about doing more with less, the conversation is now about doing something more valuable, creating insights that were not possible before, and contributing directly to the strategic business goals of the organization, notes Molly Buccini in this post in the CCC Blog.

The Blog post says (quote): Capturing and highlighting the most impactful moments of an information center’s service requires ongoing awareness. One information services manager I spoke with noted the importance of connecting the information center’s operations with the mission and vision of the overall organization. Every quarter, she reaches out to each of her team leaders, asking for at least one example of how their team contributed to the company’s strategic goals. “I tell my folks I know there’s something you have done that was important for our company. One of my team leaders had finished a project that had a lot of impact, but she was reluctant to brag about it. I asked her to just describe it to me and I showed her how to write it up, so I could include it in my quarterly report to upper management. She received recognition for her achievement and now she really understands how important it is to spot those big wins and talk about our work.” This kind of mentoring is critical; most professionals in any field are understandably focused on the operational aspects of their work, and need encouragement to capture and share examples of where they made a difference............ (Unquote)

The full entry can be read: Here.

4. Publishing Companies Are Mad That The President Might Want to Make Federally-Funded Research Open Access

Scientific societies and publishers are angry about a rumor that a White House executive order might make all federally-funded research open access. If the rumors turn out to be true, the Trump administration would expand a program introduced by the Obama administration in 2013 that made federally-funded research available a year after publication. The rumored Trump order would make federally-funded research immediately available as open access. It would be a win for the open access movement—and a loss for those who make money by putting walls up in front of federally-funded research, notes Ryan F. Mandelbaum, in this post in the Gizmodo Blog.

The Blog post says (quote): It’s a broken system, and it’s unclear whether mandating that all published research being free will benefit science without an accompanying sea change that completely restructures the publishing business model and/or a communist revolution. But it’s clear that opposition to this rumored order stems from one core point: That publishing companies and scientific societies want to continue to charge exorbitant fees for research at the expense of the taxpayers who funded the research............ (Unquote)

The full entry can be read: Here.

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