White Papers

Researchers at the Centre: Content Discoverability, Visibility, and Access

In March 2019, Springer Nature and ResearchGate entered a unique partnership to explore new ways for researchers to share content. The goal was to combine Springer Nature’s expertise in publishing high-quality research with ResearchGate’s online platform of millions of scientists, and deliver a better experience for the communities served by… Read More

Achieving an equitable transition to open access for researchers in lower and middle- income countries

The Research4Life initiative has expanded in scope since 2002 to provide free or very low-cost access to the current research literature in over 10,000 registered institutions in eligible countries, helping address research inequalities from the readership side. Given an increasing focus on UN SDGs and a global transition in scholarly… Read More

Expand your reach to global markets through AI-based localization

One of the challenges in content localization is capturing the subtleties of the original language (intonation, volume, etc ) that give the complete meaning of words. Without this, what is truly meant to be communicated may literally be “lost in translation”. With Emotion Mapping, different degrees of pitch, tone, volume… Read More

APCs in the wild: exploring funding streams for an accelerated transition to open access

Accelerating the transition to OA will involve bringing together multiple different funding streams, as well as tackling complex questions regarding redistribution of existing funds. Developments in OA business models and infrastructure are improving the ability to monitor article OA status and spending, a step that is crucial to enabling institutions… Read More

Critical study of the new ways of “editorialising” open access scientific journals

This report, commissioned by BSN 4 and BSN 7, is concerned with the new ways in which open access journals can be editorialised. The transition to open access has accelerated in recent years. Several countries have established a legal framework to secure the depositing of articles in open archives (in… Read More

MathML to solve problems of publishing notations

Mathematical notations form an important part of STM publishing. Over the years, various attempts have been made to develop structured formats for publishing these notations. The advent of the Internet has made the task more challenging, as publishers looked for a suitable markup language. MathML is one tool that has… Read More

Publisher mergers: a consumer-based approach to antitrust analysis

While consumers are dependent on journals and published papers to learn about scientific issues, libraries have been playing a passive role. Publishers seem to have an upper hand in providing the required STM information through their publications. Given this context, the mergers amongst publishing firms have raised concerns. This paper… Read More

Crisis in scholarly publishing: an economic analysis

Scientific, technical and medical (STM) journal pricing in Australia has, at a particular point, exceeded the inflation rate of the country. The scholarly communication arena in Australia, its economies, players of the industry, cost structure, scope of activities, and distribution system are discussed in the paper. Read More

Permanent Web publishing: ways and means

Scientific data published in the Web face the risk of getting lost. Various environments have to be built and many replicas stored with the system to withstand failing commands. Authors David S. H. Rosenthal and Vicky Reich have explored various fault-tolerant technologies that produce right the protected data. Read More

Choosing between formats for scholarly Web publishing

STM publishers face severe constraints when implementing Web publishing. They are forced to choose between quality and fidelity, in other words, Portable Document Format (PDF) or Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) to publish the data. The PDF format hinders the publisher from adding value, such as linking, multimedia content and… Read More


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