China’s science ministry is set to introduce its most comprehensive rules so far for dealing with research misconduct. The rule is designed to tackle researchers’ widespread use of companies known as paper mills, which produce manuscripts that are often based on falsified data. In 2017, China’s Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) committed to cracking down on research misconduct in the wake of a major scandal. This involved the retraction of 107 research papers in the cancer journal Tumor Biology, previously published by Springer Nature. The articles were retracted because their reviews had been fabricated, and many papers had been produced by paper mills. The policy also gives institutions or people under investigation the right of appeal, including through the courts, which is important for due process. Serious violations must also be made public, according to the policy.
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